Do-it-yourself explosives at protests | Bangkok Post: learning

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Do-it-yourself explosives at protests

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Instructions for making ping-pong bombs, Molotov cocktails & giant firecrackers easy to get on internet, and are starting to be used against people at protests. 

Forensic officers examine the scene where two protest guards were attacked by motorcyclists throwing firecrackers and ping-pong bombs at KokWua intersection on Ratchadamnoen Avenue last month. APICHART JINAKUL


DIY explosives pose new threat at rallies

Internet-based homemade bomb guides make attacks during unrest more likely


Manop Thip-Osod

Police have warned anti-government protesters they risk not only being injured by mass-produced grenades, but of being attacked by explosive devices which perpetrators can make by following instructions on the internet.

Known as improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the weapons include ping-pong bombs, Molotov cocktails and giant firecrackers.

"Making an IED is not difficult these days," said Pol Col Kamthon Uicharoen, the Patrol and Special Operation Division's chief for bomb disposal and identification unit.

"Attackers need no formal training. They can simply learn how to make them from the internet," he said.

Information on at least 11 types of IED have been posted on the internet and their do-it-yourself instructions were presented in simple terms.

A ping-pong bomb is a table tennis ball stuffed with gunpowder, while a Molotov cocktail consists of a sealed bottle of petrol and a rag as a fuse.

How to make gunpowder is also explained in detail on some web pages.

Pol Col Kamthon said IEDs are dangerous enough to seriously wound and kill people.

Giant firecrackers, which are stuffed with nails and pieces of glass, can cause severe injuries and damage.

One incident occurred at the rally site of the People's Democratic Force to Overthrow Thaksinism and the Dhamma Army, which are allies of the People's Democratic Reform Committee (PDRC).

On Dec 29, five guards were injured, one seriously, when a giant firecracker was thrown at their tent on Ratchadamnoen Nok Avenue.

The Network of Students and People for the Reform of Thailand also complained that giant firecrackers were heard on Jan 16 along Rama V Road near its rally venue close to Government House.

Though the incident caused no casualties, it has raised fresh concerns over the safety of rally-goers amid the standoff between protesters and the caretaker government of Yingluck Shinawatra.

This intensifies the fear of further violence, especially after separate bomb attacks at both rally sites and the homes of prominent people in the dispute.

On the night of Jan 13, an M26 grenade was thrown into the housing compound of Democrat leader Abhisit Vejjajiva. Three days later, a bomb of the same type was thrown into the home of Bangkok governor MR Sukhumbhand Paribatra.

The most violent bomb attack occurred on Banthat Thong Road on Jan 17 as PDRC secretary-general Suthep Thaugsuban led supporters during the Bangkok shutdown campaign.

Police identified the bomb as an RGD-5 hand grenade, which killed one person and injured 39 others.

Mr Suthep was not injured in the attack.

Two days later, another RGD-5 grenade was thrown at a rally site near the Victory Monument, wounding 29 people including a female journalist.

Though IEDs have so far caused less severe damage than mass-manufactured weapons, Pol Col Kamthon warned this fact should not put security officers' and protesters' minds at ease.

People who make IEDs can "lift the level of their attack" by turning them into time bombs detonated by a mobile phone or remote control, he said.

Attacks using these tactics have been reported in the insurgency-plagued provinces of the far South.

Safety measures at rally sites, including inspecting people for explosive devices is a good way to prevent bomb attacks.

However, controlling internet information on how to make bombs is hard.

"We cannot completely control internet content because many websites have been created abroad," Pol Col Kamthon said.

Worse, he added, there are also Thai language versions of bomb-making instructions being spread online.

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abroad: in or to a foreign country - ในต่างประเทศ

ally: a person, group, organisation or country who helps and supports another person, group, organisation or country - คนกลุ่มหรือประเทศที่อยู่ในกลุ่มเดียวกัน

amid: during the time when something else is happening - ท่ามกลาง

at ease: relaxed and unworried - คลายกังวล

base: to use an idea, a fact, a situation, etc. as the point from which something can be developed - วางรากฐาน

campaign: a planned series of activities designed to persuade voters to vote for a particular candidate or political party - การรณรงค์หาเสียง

caretaker government: a temporary government that is in charge of a country until a new government is elected - รัฐบาลชั่วคราวที่ตั้งขึ้นเพื่อรอการเลือกตั้งครั้งใหม่

casualty: victim; someone/ something that has been harmed, injured or killed as the result of a bad event such as a disaster or crime (casualties: the number of dead or injured) - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย; จำนวนคนตายหรือได้รับบาดเจ็บ

chief: a person with a high rank or the highest rank in a company or an organisation - หัวหน้า, ผู้นำ

complain: to say that you are annoyed, unhappy or not satisfied about somebody/something - บ่น, ร้องทุกข์

compound: an area enclosed by a fence or wall in which people work or live - บริเวณ

concern: a worry - ความกังวล

consist of: to be made of or formed from something - ประกอบด้วย

damage: to harm or spoil something/somebody - ทำความเสียหาย

dangerous: likely to injure or harm somebody, or to damage or destroy something - อันตราย

detonate: to cause to explode - ทำให้ระเบิด

device: a machine or piece of equipment that does a particular job - อุปกรณ์ เครื่องมือ เครื่องจักร

disposal: getting rid of something or, in this case, making an explosive safe   - การกำจัด

dispute: a serious disagreement - ข้อโต้แย้ง

especially: more with one person, thing, etc. than with others, or more in particular circumstances than in others - โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่ง

examine: to look at somebody/something closely, to see if there is anything wrong or to find the cause of a problem - ตรวจ

explosives: substances or pieces of equipment that can cause explosions - สิ่งที่ระเบิดได้

firecracker: a kind of firework that makes a lot of loud noise when it explodes - ประทัด

forces: the weapons and soldiers that an army, etc. has - กำลังรบ, กองกำลังติดอาวุธ

forensic: relating to the use of scientific methods to solve  crimes or to find out why something happened - เกี่ยวกับนิติวิทยาศาสตร์

formal: official; following an agreed or official way of doing things - เป็นพิธี,ตามแบบ,ตามระเบียบ

fuse: an object like a string that burns slowly and then makes a bomb explode after a delay - ฟิวส์, ลวดตะกั่วนิรภัย

grenade: a small bomb that someone throws or fires from a gun - ลูกระเบิดเล็ก

guard: a person who protect somebody/something - ผู้คุ้มกัน, คนเฝ้า

guide (or guidelines): official instructions or advice about how to do something - สิ่งที่ช่วยแนะแนวทางให้ปฏิบัติ

gunpowder: explosive powder used especially in bombs, bullets or fireworks - ดินปืน, ดินดำ

identification: the process of finding out what or who someone is - การหาเอกลักษณ์,การชี้ตัว

identified: named, said to be - ระบุ, ระบุชื่อ

improvise: to invent or make something, such as a speech or a device, at the time when it is needed without already having planned it - กระทำหรือประพันธ์อย่างไม่ได้มีการตระเตรียมมาก่อน หรืออย่างทันทีทันควัน

in detail: in a very thorough way and with careful attention to facts - อย่างพิถีพิถัน

incident: something that happens, usually something bad - เหตุการณ์

injured: hurt in an accident or attack - ได้รับบาดเจ็บ

injury: physical damage done to a person or a part of their body - อาการบาดเจ็บ

inspect: to look at something carefully - ตรวจสอบ, ตรวจสอบอย่างละเอียด

instructions: something that somebody tells you to do - คำสั่ง

insurgency: an attempt by a group of people to take control of their country or the area where they live by force - การจลาจล

intensify: to strengthen - เข้มข้นขึ้น

intersection: a place where roads, lines, etc., join or cross each other - สี่แยก

journalist: a person who writes news stories or articles for a newspaper or magazine or broadcasts them on radio or television - ผู้สื่อข่าว

mass: a large amount of something - ปริมาณมาก

mass-produce: producing large amounts or quantities of something for sale - ผลิตเป็นจำนวนมาก

measure: a firm action taken to solve a problem or stop a dangerous unpleasant situation - มาตราการ

Molotov cocktail: a simple bomb consisting of a bottle filled with a liquid that you can set on fire and then throw (the writer is comparing the bottles of alcohol to a Molotov cocktail, saying in this situation they are very similar, i.e., very dangerous) -

nail: a small thin pointed piece of metal with a flat head, used for hanging things on a wall or for joining pieces of wood together - ตะปู

network: a large system of connected parts, organisations, people, etc. - เครือข่าย

overthrow: to force a leader or government out of power - ขับไล่ออกจากอำนาจ

perpetrator: someone who has committed a crime, or a violent or harmful act - ผู้ก่อการ

plagued: caused a lot of problems for someone or something for a long period of time - ทำให้ยุ่งยาก ลำบากมานาน

pose: cause something, especially a problem or difficulty - เป็นเหตุให้

post: to put a notice, etc. in a public place so that people can see it - ปิดประกาศ

prominent: important and well known - สำคัญ, มีชื่อเสียง, เด่น

protest: a meeting or rally, sometimes forceful or violent, of people who strongly disagree with something - ชุมนุมประท้วง

protester: someone who shows that they disagree with something by standing somewhere, shouting, carrying signs, etc - ผู้ต่อต้าน, ผู้ประท้วง

province: on of many divisions of the government of a country into smaller parts - จังหวัด

rag: a piece of old, often torn, cloth used especially for cleaning things - ผ้าขี้ริ้ว

raise: to increase the amount or level of something - เพิ่ม, ทำให้สูงขึ้น, ส่งเสริม, ยกระดับ

rally: a large public gathering of people to support someone or to protest against something - การชุมนุม

remote control: a device used for controlling a machine from a distance - เครื่องควบคุมเครื่องบินหรือจรวดด้วยคลื่นวิทยุ

risk: to cause someone or something to be in a dangerous situation - เสี่ยงอันตราย

seal: to close a container tightly or fill a crack, etc, especially so that air, liquid, etc. cannot get in or out - ปิด

secretary-general: the person who is in charge of the department that deals with the running of a large international or political organisation - เลขาธิการ, เลขาธิการใหญ่

security: the activities involved in protecting a country, building or person against attack, danger, etc - ระบบป้องกันภัย

security officers: people whose job is to keep the peace and prevent the breaking of laws; soldiers; military; security forces; police - กองกำลังรักษาความปลอดภัย, ตำรวจ, ทหาร

separate: different; not connected - ซึ่งไม่ต่อเนื่อง, ซึ่งไม่เชื่อมกัน

shutdown: turning something off, so that it is not operating anymore -

site: a place where something happens or happened - สถานที่เกิดเหตุ

site: a place where something is located - สถานที่

spread: gradually affecting or covering a larger area - การแพร่กระจาย

standoff: a disagreement or fight in which neither opponent can do anything to win or achieve their aim; a stalemate - สถานการณ์ที่ต่างเอาชนะกันไม่ได้

stuffed: packed; very full of something - แน่น ซึ่งใส่ไว้จนเต็ม

supporter: a person who helps and supports a person, organization or idea - ผู้สนับสนุน

tactic: a planned way of doing something - ยุทธวิธี

term: a word or phrase used for something - คำศัพท์

threat: a danger - อันตราย

time bomb: a bomb set to explode in the future at a certain time - ระเบิดที่ตั้งเวลาได้, ระเบิดเวลา [, ลูกระเบิดที่มีอุปกรณ์ตั้งกำหนดเวลาให้ระเบิด

training: teaching people how to do a certain job or activity - การฝึกอบรม, การฝึก, การอบรม

unit: a part of a company or organisation that carries out a particular function; a group of people who work or live together, especially for a particular purpose - หน่วย,กอง,กลุ่ม

unrest: angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting or fighting against something - สถานการณ์ที่ไม่สงบ

venue: a place where a public event or meeting takes place - สถานที่ชุมนุม

version: a particular form of something which varies slightly from other forms of the same thing - ชุด, เวอร์ชั่น

violence: physical force with the deliberate intention of causing damage to property or injury or death to people - ความรุนแรง, การใช้กำลังทำลาย

violent: involving or caused by physical force that is intended to hurt or kill somebody - รุนแรง, ร้ายแรง, สาหัส

warn: to make someone aware of a possible problem or danger - เตือน

weapon: an object such as a knife, gun, bomb, etc. that is used for fighting or attacking somebody - อาวุธ

wound: an injury in which your skin or flesh is damaged - บาดแผล

wound: to cause to be hurt, especially where the skin or flesh is damaged, usually seriously - ทำให้บาดเจ็บ

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