Salt in your water? | Bangkok Post: learning

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Salt in your water?

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City water officials are warning us to stock up on water this week as rising salt levels are threatening to disrupt tap water production. 

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Metropolitan Waterworks Authority (MWA) staff closely monitor tap water production at the MWA’s plant in Bang Khen district of Bangkok. Intruding salt water has threatened the production of tap water at the facility. PATTARAPONG CHATPATTARASILL

MWA issues salt warning

Households supplied by the Metropolitan Waterworks Authority (MWA) are again being advised to stockpile water as a new round of saltwater intrusion threatens to disrupt tap water production in the city.

Water salinity at the Samlae water production facility in Pathum Thani is predicted to peak between March 3 and 10 as low water levels in the Chao Phraya River lead to increased tidal inflow from the sea, MWA communications director Thassanee Ritsarntiwong said on Thursday.

It followed a similar warning issued last Saturday as salinity levels rose this week.

Saltwater intrusion is expected to hit harder than usual this year due to the early onset of the dry season in many areas. Upstream dams will release more water to help keep the saltwater surge at bay.

Fresh water from adjacent canals will also be diverted to fight the intrusion.

The MWA office in Pathum Thani has been monitoring salinity levels in the river hourly. If the water becomes too salty, the water production facility will stop drawing from the river and distribute water from its reserve supply, Ms Thassanee said.

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Vocabulary:

adjacent: very near, next to, or touching - ติดกัน

advise: to tell somebody what you think they should do in a particular situation - แนะนำ, แจ้ง

at bay: under control ควบคุมไว้ได้ - ควบคุมไว้ได้

dam: a wall built across a river to stop the water from flowing, especially in order to create a lake or to help to produce electric power - เขื่อน

disrupt: to prevent something from continuing as usual or as expected - ทำให้เสียกระบวน, ทำให้เสียระบบ, ทำให้สับสน

distribute: to give something out to many different places - แจกจ่าย

divert: to cause something to change direction, in this case, water - เบนเส้นทางเดินน้ำ

draw: to pull or suck something in/out - ดูด

facility: a building, equipment, etc., used for a particular purpose - โรงงาน, สถานบริการ, สิ่งก่อสร้าง, สิ่งอำนวยความสะดวก

household: a group of people, often a family, who live together - ครัวเรือน

inflow: the movement of a liquid or of air into a place from somewhere else - การไหลเข้า, กระแสที่ไหลเข้ามา

intrude: to go into a place or situation where you are not allowed, wanted or expected to be - บุกรุก, ล่วงล้ำ

intrusion: when someone/something goes into a place or situation where they are not wanted or expected to be - การบุกรุก, การล่วงล้ำ

issue: to announce something officially - ออกประกาศ

level: the amount of liquid that there is in a container, river, dam, etc., which can be seen by how high the liquid is - ระดับ

Metropolitan Waterworks Authority (MWA): the department in charge of providing clean, safe drinking water to a city - การประปานครหลวง

monitor: to regularly check someone/something - จับตาดู เฝ้าระมัดระวัง

onset: the beginning of something, especially something unpleasant - การเริ่มต้น กำเริบ

peak: to reach the highest amount or level, before becoming lower - ขึ้นจนถึงจุดสุดยอด

plant: a factory that produces power or processes chemicals, etc. - โรงงาน

predict: to say that an event or action will happen in the future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience - คาดการณ์ว่า พยากรณ์จากสถิติว่า

release: to let something move freely; to allow a substance to flow out from somewhere - ปล่อย

reserve: kept for use for something or someone - ที่จัดสรรไว้ สำรอง

round: one of a series of events, activities, etc. - รอบ

salinity: the amount of salt in something - สารละลายที่ประกอบด้วยน้ำเกลือ

stockpile: to collect large amounts of things that may be needed - เก็บสะสมไว้ใน

surge: a sudden increase in something - การเพิ่มขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็ว

tap water: water that is sent through pipes into building - น้ำประปา

threaten: to put at risk; to put in danger - ทำให้ตกอยู่ในความเสี่ยง

tidal: connected with the regular rise and fall of the level of the sea (the tides) - เกี่ยวข้องกับน้ำขึ้นน้ำลง

upstream: along a river, in the opposite direction to which the river is flowing - ต้นน้ำ

warning: an action or statement telling someone of a possible problem or danger - การเตือน

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