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Thai govt websites infested with malware

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Thai govt websites have 85% of all government-hosted malware in world. Malware on Thai Navy computers used to defraud Visa credit card holders. 

Young boy surfs the internet. Old computers without security updates or running now defunct Windows XP are at increased risk for malware.

TECHNOLOGY 

Thai government websites infested with malware

7/05/2014

Nearly 100 Thai government websites were hacked and used to serve malware in April, according to an online security expert.

More than 500 distinct attacks were launched from these websites, representing about 85% of all government-hosted malware in the world, Paul Mutton posted on the website of Netcraft Ltd, an internet services company based in Bath, England, on Tuesday.

Seven of the hacked sites belong to Thai police forces, such as the Narathiwat Provincial Police website at narathiwat.police.go.th, where hackers have appended a large chunk of malicious script to the page, wrote Mr Mutton.

Thai military websites were also compromised during April.

For example, the Thai Navy website at www.navy.mi.th was involved in a phishing attack which targeted Visa cardholders in late April. A page surreptitiously planted on the Navy's server was used to redirect victims to a different website hosted in Malaysia, which attempted to steal card details. The Malaysian website has since been taken down, but the redirection page on the Thai Navy website is still present today.

All of the hacked Thai government websites use the .go.th second-level domain, which is eligible to be registered only by government entities in Thailand. The .th top-level domain is administered by T.H.NIC Co Ltd (THNIC), which provides its domain registration services under a policy managed by the Thai Network Information Center Foundation, and allows domain names to be purchased through THNIC authorised resellers.

.th is also the fourth phishiest top-level domain. Netcraft currently blocks 310 phishing sites under this domain, which is rather significant given that there are fewer than 100,000 .th sites in total.

“Government sites typically confer a greater level of trust than other types of websites can, but in Thailand, many are evidently used to host phishing sites and conduct drive-by malware attacks. Cleaning up these attacks is unlikely to be Thailand's number one priority at the moment — the country has been in a state of paralysis since government elections were obstructed by protesters, and last month, there were concerns that the situation could escalate into civil war,” Mr Mutton wrote.

Chinese government websites (.gov.cn) hosted the second largest number of instances of malware last month, accounting for more than a tenth of all government-hosted malware. Between them, Thailand and China alone hosted 95% of all government-hosted malware during April. For comparison, during the same month, no malware attacks were reported on US or UK government websites (.gov and .gov.uk).

Source: Netcraft Ltd

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Vocabulary:

accounting for: being -

administer: to be responsible for managing a company, organization, or institution - บริหารงาน, จัดการ, ดำเนินการ

append: add something to, attach - เพิ่ม, ทำให้เชื่อมต่อกัน

at the moment: at this time; now - ขณะนี้, ตอนนี้, เวลานี้

authorise: to give official permission for something, or to give someone official permission to do something - ให้อำนาจ, มอบอำนาจ, ให้สิทธิ

based: where the main work of an organisation, business, etc. is done or controlled - ซึ่งเป็นศูนย์กลาง

chunk: a thick solid piece that has been cut or broken off something - ก้อนหนา

civil war: a war fought by different groups of people living in the same country - สงครามกลางเมือง

compromised: when something is weakened and you cannot trust in it for protection anymore -

concern: a worry - ความกังวล

confer: to give something such as authority, a legal right, or an honour to someone - ให้เป็นของขวัญเป็นเกียรติหรืออื่น ๆ

defunct: no longer existing, operating or being used - ถูกยุบ, หยุดทำงาน

detail: to give a list of facts or all the available information about something - อธิบายโดยละเอียด, ชี้แจงรายละเอียด

distinct: clearly noticeable - ชัดแจ้ง

election (n): the process of choosing a person or a group of person for a position, especially by voting - การเลือกตั้ง

eligible: allowed by rules or laws to do something or to receive something - มีสิทธิ

entity: something which exists apart from other things, having its own independent existence -

escalate: to become much more serious or much worse - ทำให้เพิ่มขึ้น, ทำให้มากขึ้น

evidently: used for saying that something is obvious - เห็นได้ชัด

expert: someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject - ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ

hack: to secretly find a way of looking at and/or changing information on somebody else's computer system without permission - เจาะเข้าโปรแกรมคอมพิวเตอร์อย่างผิดกฎหมาย

hacker: a person who secretly finds a way of looking at and/or changing information on somebody else's computer system without permission - ผู้ที่มีความชำนาญในการใช้คอมพิวเตอร์ไปในทางที่ผิดกฎหมาย เช่น แอบขโมยข้อมูลจากคอมพิวเตอร์ในเครือข่าย

host: to provide the space and other things necessary for a special event - ทำหน้าที่เป็นเจ้าภาพ, เป็นผู้จัดรายการ

infested: full of something harmful or unpleasant - ซึ่งเข้าไปอยู่เต็ม

instance: a case in which something happened - กรณี, เหตุการณ์, สถานการณ์ 5.

launch: starting something - การเริ่มต้น

malicious: having or showing hatred and a desire to harm somebody or hurt their feelings - มุ่งร้าย, ปองร้าย, ประสงค์ร้าย

malware: software such as a virus that is designed to damage, destroy or steal information on a computer - รูปแบบหนึ่งของโปรแกรมคอมพิวเตอร์ ที่ถูกออกแบบมาด้วยจุดประสงค์แอบแฝงบางอย่าง

obstruct: to make it difficult for something to happen or for someone to go somewhere - ขวางทาง

online: controlled by or connected to a computer or to the Internet - ออนไลน์, การเชื่อมต่อผ่านระบบเครือข่ายทางคอมพิวเตอร์

paralysis: not able to move or do things - อัมพาต

phishing: when criminals try to trick people into giving them their secret bank information such as account numbers and passwords - การหลอกลวงทางอินเตอร์เน็ต, การส่งข้อความที่ดูน่าเชื่อถือ เพื่อหลอกลวงให้กรอกข้อมูลส่วนตัว ข้อมูลบัตรเครดิต ฯลฯ ลงไป

plant: to put something or someone in a position secretly - ฝัง

policy: a set of plans or action agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group - นโยบาย

post: to put a notice, etc. in a public place so that people can see it - ปิดประกาศ

present: being in a particular place or situation - เข้าร่วม, อยู่

priority: something important that must be done first or which needs more attention than something else - การมาก่อน

protester: someone who shows that they disagree with something by standing somewhere, shouting, carrying signs, etc - ผู้ต่อต้าน, ผู้ประท้วง

redirect: to divert; to sent in a different direction or route - เปลี่ยนทิศทางใหม่

register: an official list of names of people who are allowed to do something, e.g., vote, study, stay in a hotel etc - ทะเบียน

represent: to be an example or expression of something - แสดงให้เห็น, เป็นเครื่องหมายของ

risk: to cause someone or something to be in a dangerous situation - เสี่ยงอันตราย

security: protection; safety from attack, harm, or damage - ความมั่นคง, ระบบรักษาความปลอดภั, ความปลอดภัย

server: computer hardware and software that performs some service for all the computers on a network - เครื่องบริการ, ตัวบริการ๒. โปรแกรมบริการ [คอมพิวเตอร์]

situation: all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place - สถานการณ์

state: condition - สภาพ

surreptitiously: done secretly or quickly, in the hope that other people will not notice - แอบ ๆ ซ่อน ๆ

target: a person, business, building, area, etc., that someone intends to attack or deal with - เป้าหมาย

trust: a feeling of confidence in someone that shows you believe they are honest, fair, and reliable - ความเชื่อใจ, ความไว้วางใจ

update: to get or give the most recent information or news about something - ให้ข้อมูลใหม่ๆ

victim: someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as a disaster, illness or an accident - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย

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