Quake fears remain as residents cope with heavy damage | Bangkok Post: learning

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Quake fears remain as residents cope with heavy damage

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Aftershocks continue in the North amid worrisome signs that a bigger quake could hit the already heavily-damaged earthquake zone in Chiang Rai. 

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Worried residents from Ban Huay San Yao in Chiang Rai’s Mae Lao district camp in tents on a football pitch at a nearby school. The residents fled their homes fearing aftershocks following Monday’s quake, which caused extensive damage in the province. Photos by Pattarapong Chatpattarasill.

You can read our earlier earthquake coverage (with many photos) here: http://www.bangkokpost.com/learning/learning-from-news/408301/big-earthquake-shakes-thailand-north

Noon update: Thai PBS has been talking to local residents whose homes have been severely damaged. Many said they constructed the homes themselves with help of local contractors and neighbours and they didn't not realise they were in an earthquake zone. Thus, the supporting structures were not strong enough to withstand a magnitude 6 quake.

Villagers fear stronger jolt will strike

Lamphai Intathep

Chiang Rai: Saikhao villagers in Phan district of Chiang Rai are living in fear that a bigger quake could rock their area because large amounts of water and sand appeared from underground in the village.

Thanee Namaneewan, kamnan of tambon Saikhao, said yesterday that he and other villagers noticed the phenomenon after the quake struck his Nong Chik village in Phan district, which was the epicentre

Mr Thanee said he alerted geologists and environmentalists who went to inspect the village.

The experts came to the conclusion that this phenomenon is a warning sign that a sinkhole could appear at any time.

The quake caused extensive damage to houses and buildings in tambon Saikhao.

A woman and her husband view their destroyed home. It had just been constructed with a loan of two million baht.

Cracks were found in the buildings of Tambon Saikhao Administration Organisation and schools.

Parts of temple buildings had subsided.

A monk surveys the damage to a prayer hall at Wat Mae Lao Woraram in Mae Lao district of Chiang Rai.

About 200 families in tambon Dong Ma Dua of Mae Lao district in Chiang Rai set up tents for a second night away from their homes to sleep on a football field at Huay San Yao Witthayakhom School.

They said they still experienced aftershocks and feared another powerful earthquake would strike the area. They said they would rather be in the open than in their homes.

As of 4am yesterday, the Seismological Bureau reported on its website that a total of 274 aftershocks had been recorded in the North since Monday's 6.3 quake.

The bureau said yesterday that more than 180 aftershocks were below 3.0 on the Richter scale, 33 were between 3.0 and 3.9, while 21 were between 4.0 and 4.9 and seven measured between 5.0 and 5.2.

An aerial view of a damaged portion of Highway 118 between Mae Lao and Mae Sruay districts of Chiang Rai.

Caretaker Education Minister Chaturon Chaisaeng yesterday met students and directors from Chiang Rai's schools which were badly damaged by the quake.

He met them at Phan Phittayakom School in Phan district and pledged the caretaker government will spend funds from its central budget to repair and construct new buildings.

He said eight buildings belonging to five state schools in Phan, Mae Lao and Mae Suai districts of Chiang Rai were severely damaged and that they needed to undergo repair work as soon as possible.

He said he wanted all schools to be ready to open for the new term on May 16, but they must be safe for the students and staff.

He said the initial cost of the damage at the 73 affected schools in Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Nan, Lampang and Phayao was an estimated 152.5 million baht.

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Vocabulary:

aerial: (of a photograph) from a plane or helicopter - ภาพถ่ายทางอากาศ

aftershock: a sudden movement of the Earth's surface which often follows an earthquake and which is less violent than the first main movement - แผ่นดินไหวเล็กน้อยที่เกิดหลังจากแผ่นดินไหวรุนแรง

alert: to tell someone in about a danger or problem so that they can take action to deal with it - เตือนภัย

appear: to be seen - ปรากฏ

budget: an amount of money able to be spent on something - งบประมาณ

caretaker: in charge for a short time, until a new leader or government is chosen - รักษาการ

conclusion: something that you decide is true after consider all the evidence and thinking about it carefully - การสรุป,บทสรุป

construct: to build or make something, especially buildings, bridges, etc. - สร้าง

contractor: a person or company whose job is to do work for another person, organisation, company, etc. - ผู้รับเหมา

crack: a line on a surface where something is beginning to break apart - รอยแตก  รอยร้าว

earthquake: a sudden shaking movement of the ground - แผ่นดินไหว

environmentalist: someone who wants to protect the environment - นักสิ่งแวดล้อม, คนที่ทำงานด้านรักษาสิ่งแวดล้อม

epicentre: the point on the earth's surface where the effects of an earthquake are felt most strongly; the central point of something - ศูนย์กลาง

estimated: thought to be a particular amount, size, etc. based on a guess or the best information available - ประมาณการ

extensive: great in amount; covering a large area - กว้างขวาง

flee (past form: fled): to leave a place or person quickly because you are afraid of possible danger - หนี อพยพ

fund: money provided for something - เงินทุน กองทุน

geologist: a scientist who studies the earth, including the origin and history of the rocks and soil of which the earth is made - นักธรณีวิทยา

initial: early; first - เบื้องต้น

inspect: to look at something carefully - ตรวจสอบ, ตรวจสอบอย่างละเอียด

jolt: a sudden rough movement - การกระตุก, การกระแทก, การเขย่า

loan: an amount of money that a person, business, or country borrows, especially from a bank - เงินกู้

local: in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น

magnitude: size or strength - ขนาดหรือ ความรุนแรง

neighbour: someone who lives near you, - เพื่อนบ้าน

phenomenon (plural phenomena): something that exists and can be seen, felt, tasted, etc., especially something which is unusual or interesting - ปรากฏการณ์

pitch: an area painted with lines for playing particular sports, especially football - สนามฟุตบอล

pledge: to make a serious promise to do something - สัญญา

portion: a part of something - ส่วน

realise: to know about - ตระหนัก  รู้

repair: to fix something that is broken or damaged - ซ่อมบำรุง

resident: a person who lives in a particular area - ผู้ที่อาศัยในท้องที่

Richter scale: a scale for measuring the magnitude (size and strength) of earthquakes - หน่วยวัดความรุนแรงของแผ่นดินไหว

rock: to shake or to make something shake violently - สั่นสะเทือน, ทำให้สั่นสะเทือน

seismology: the scientific study of earthquakes - วิทยาแผ่นดินไหว, การศึกษาเกี่ยวกับแผ่นดินไหวและปรากฏการณ์ที่เกี่ยวข้อง

severely: very seriously - อย่างรุนแรง

sinkhole: a large hole in the ground, created over a long period of time, especially by water - หลุมยุบ

staff: workers employed by a person or organisation considered as a group - คณะผู้ทำงาน, คนงาน

state: government - รัฐบาล

struck (past of strike): to hit someone or something forcefully or violently - กระแทก, ชน

structure: something large such as a building or a bridge that is built from different parts - โครงสร้าง

subside: to suddenly sink to a lower level - ทรุดตัว, จมลง, ยุบลง

survey: to make an examination of something to find out about its condition - สำรวจ

undergo: to experience something, especially a change or something unpleasant - ประสบ, ผ่านประสบการณ

warning sign: something that shows that something bad may happen - สิ่งที่แสดงให้เห็นว่าเหตุการณ์ที่เลวร้ายอาจเกิดขึ้น

withstand: to be strong enough not to be hurt or damaged by extreme conditions, the use of force, etc. - ทนต่อ, ต้านทานต่อ

zone: an area that has an important or typical feature; an area where a particular activity is allowed or not allowed - พื้นที่, บริเวณ, เขต

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