Giant mystery hole appears in Russia (video) | Bangkok Post: learning

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Giant mystery hole appears in Russia (video)

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Giant hole appears suddenly in far north of Russia in Siberia. Is it a meteorite, gas explosion, eruption of underground ice or arrival of UFO spaceship from another planet? 

A member of the Russian research team that has arrived to investigate the giant hole. (Source: YouTube)

SCIENCE

Giant hole found in Siberia gives rise to many theories

Location of Yamal Peninsula in Siberia where the giant hole was found. (Source: Wikipedia)

A giant hole or crater has become the center of attention and speculation since aerial footage showing it became widely available online last week.

The giant hole is located in the the Yamal Peninsula which is a largely undeveloped area in the northwest Siberia area of Russia and is about 700 km long.  Yamal holds Russia's and the world's biggest natural gas reserves along with an important gas pipeline to transport the natural gas. The crater is estimated to be 262 feet wide.

The possible reasons for the sudden appearance of the giant hole that people have proposed include a meteorite, a gas explosion, an eruption of underground ice or even the arrival of a UFO spaceship from another planet.  A team of scientists is heading to the site  to investigate.
The giant hole is very close to Yamal's biggest gas field. In places with such large underground concentrations of gas, underground explosions are common when the ice melts under the soil and releases gas.

Location of Yamal Peninsula within Russia. (Source: Wikipedia)

The Yamal Peninsula is home to nomadic reindeer herders and about half a million reindeer that they raise. "Yamal" means "End of the Land" in the language of the local people.  The peninsula consists mostly of permafrost ground and is geologically a very young place that has not existed for a very long time. In some places less than 10,000 years.

“Occurrences like this are nothing new in Yamal,” according to the governor’s office."This happened last year, as well as two years ago… earth and ice behave unpredictably. An underwater river might have moved the soil,” he added, explaining how these processes repeat over time as surfaces melt and freeze over again. “So, there’s no emergency to speak of here.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamal_Peninsula

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/16/giant-hole-siberia-crater-end-of-world_n_5591780.html

http://rt.com/news/173128-siberia-giant-crater-mystery/

Some believe it to be a giant Sarlacc pit as found in Star Wars movies:

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Vocabulary:

aerial: (of a photograph) from a plane or helicopter - ภาพถ่ายทางอากาศ

appearance: the way that somebody/something looks on the outside - ลักษณะภายนอก, การปรากฏตัว

arrival: when someone reaches where they are going (arrives) - ขาเข้า การเข้ามา

attention: interest, especially interest that the public has in a person, event, situation etc - ความสนใจ

available: that you can get, use, find or buy - มีอยู่, หาได้

common: ordinary; not unusual or special - ที่เกิดขึ้นทุกวัน, ธรรมดา

concentration: a lot of something in one place - แหล่งชุมนุม  หรือ ศูนย์รวม

consist of: to be made of or formed from something - ประกอบด้วย

crater: a large hole in the ground caused by the explosion of a bomb, by something large hitting it, or by a collapse because of an empty space underneath the ground - แอ่ง, หลุม

emergency: an unexpected situation involving danger in which immediate action is necessary - เหตุฉุกเฉิน

eruption: when something starts or appears suddenly - ปะทุขึ้น

estimated: thought to be a particular amount, size, etc. based on a guess or the best information available - ประมาณการ

exist: to be real; to be present in a place or situation - มีอยู่

explosion: the sudden violent bursting and loud noise of something such as a bomb exploding; the act of deliberately causing something to explode - การระเบิด

footage: film or video of a particular subject or event - ฟิลม์หรือคลิปภาพยนตร์ หรือวิดีโอ

gas field: a place where many natural gas wells are located, from which natural gas is extracted -

geology: the scientific study of the earth, including the origin and history of the rocks and soil of which the earth is made; the origin and history of the rocks and soil of a particular area - ธรณีวิทยา

geology (adjective form: geological): the scientific study of the earth, including the origin and history of the rocks and soil of which the earth is made; the origin and history of the rocks and soil of a particular area -

ground: the outer surface of the earth, that we walk on - ผิวดิน, ผิวโลก, พื้นดิน

head to: to go in a particular direction - มุ่งหน้าไปทาง

herder: someone who looks after a group of animals as their job - ผู้คุมฝูงสัตว์

investigate: to try to find out the facts about something in order to learn the truth about it - ตรวจสอบหาความจริง

local: in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น

located: where something is - ตั้งอยู่

melt: to change from a solid form to liquid (e.g. ice to water) - ละลาย

member: a person, a country or an organization that has joined a particular group, club or team - สมาชิก

meteorite: a piece of rock from outer space that hits the earth's surface - อุกกาบาต, ดาวตก, สะเก็ดดาว

natural gas: the gas used for cooking, power generation and car fuel in Thailand - แก๊ซธรรมชาติ

nomadic: moving around from place to place without a permanent home - ซึ่งเร่ร่อนไปในที่ต่างๆ

occurrence: happening - เหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้น, สิ่งที่เกิดขึ้น

peninsula: a long piece of land that is mostly surrounded with water, but is joined at one end to a larger area of land - คาบสมุทร

permafrost: frost on the ground that is permanent; a place that always has ice on the ground -

pipeline: a series of pipes that are usually underground and are used for carrying oil, gas, etc. over long distances - ท่อส่งผ่านน้ำมันปิโตรเลียมหรือก๊าซธรรมชาติ

predictably: as you would expect - พอจะทำนายได้, ตามที่จะคาดไว้

process: a series of things that happen, especially ones that result in natural changes - ขบวนการ, ,การเปลี่ยนแปลง

proposed: suggested as an idea for a group to consider - ถูกเสนอ

reason: why something happened or exists - เหตุผล

release: to let something move freely; to allow a substance to flow out from somewhere - ปล่อย

research: a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it - การวิจัย

reserve: something currently not being used but that can be used when needed - สำรองไว้

soil: the substance on the surface of the Earth in which plants grow - ดิน

speculation: ideas or discussion about what might happen or has happened or why something has happened without having complete information - การคาดการณ์

sudden: happening quickly and unexpectedly กะทันหัน - กะทันหัน

surface: the outside or top layer of something - ผิวหน้า, ผิวภายนอก, ด้านนอก

theory: one or more ideas that explain how or why something happens - สมมติฐาน

transport: to move people or things from one place to another - บรรทุก, ขนส่ง

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