Songkran photos and vocabulary
Bangkok Post photographer Patipat Janthong was right in the middle of some of Bangkok wettest action yesterday. How do we describe what he photographed?
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Bangkok Post photographer Patipat Janthong was right in the middle of the water action yesterday. I have his photos but no captions. How would you describe the costumes these young people where wearing?
Water, water, everywhere
Bangkok Post photographer Patipat Janthong was out and about in what appears to be the Siliom area yesterday. It's amazing that his camera survived to take these photos. Just to ensure our foreign visitors won't think that Songkran is completely out of control, however, I'll include a couple of photos by Nopparat Gingkeaw showing the more traditional side of the festival.
There were no captions to go with the photos, so we'll have to make our own descriptions. To get us started, here are some of the words captions writers might use.
Those who participate in the water-throwing activities are commonly referred to as "revellers," although "water warriors" might be more appropriate in some cases. The atmosphere is often described as being "wild," "congested," "enthusiastic," "genial" and, of course, just plain "fun".
Much of the vocabulary of Songkran deals with water, words like "spray," "splash," "stream" (of water), "pour," "drench" (adjective "drenched") and "soak" (adjective "soaked").
Songkran would be incomplete without crazy costumes. Some good words to describe them might be "bizarre," "ridiculous," "gaudy," "outlandish," "fearsome," "scary," or "intimidating."
Of course, there are many more "restrained" activities during Songkran as well and you will see an example at the end of the photo set.
As you look at the photos, think of appropriate words to describe them. If you have any suggestions, let me know on our facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/bangkokpostlearning
(Vocabulary explanations follow photos).
frenzy – (an example of) uncontrolled and excited behaviour or emotion ความตื่นเต้นมาก, ความบ้าระห่ำ
caption – a short piece of text under a picture in a book, magazine or newspaper which describes the picture or explains what the people in it are doing or saying คำบรรยายใต้ภาพ
costume – the clothes worn by people from a particular place or for a particular purpose เครื่องแต่งกาย
out and about – travelling around a place ออกเดินทาง
survive – to continue to exist รอดพ้น
ensure – to make certain that something happens or is done ให้การยืนยัน, รับรอง, ให้ความมั่นใจ
traditional – of a custom, a way of life or a way of doing things that has not changed for a long time เป็นประเพณี, ตามธรรมเนียม
festival – an event that is held to celebrate a particular thing or activity เทศกาล
participate – to take part in or become involved in an activity เข้าร่วม มีส่วน
reveller – someone who enjoys themselves at a party or celebration คนที่ชอบงานฉลอง ความสนุกสนานและงานรื่นเริง
warrior – a soldier or fighter, especially in the past นักรบในสงคราม
appropriate – suitable or right for a particular situation or purpose ที่เหมาะสม
atmosphere – the mood or feeling that exists in a place บรรยากาศ
congested – too blocked or crowded and causing difficulties แน่นขนัด
enthusiastic – showing a feeling of energetic interest in a particular subject or activity and an eagerness to be involved in it กระตือรือร้น
genial – friendly and kind เป็นมิตร
spray – very small drops of a liquid that are sent through the air; to cover somebody/something with very small drops of a liquid that are forced out of a container or sent through the air ละอองน้ำ, น้ำที่กระเซ็นเป็นฝอย ฉีด; พ่น
splash – to hit something noisily with a liquid สาดกระเด็น, กระเด็นเปื้อน
stream – a continuous flow of liquid or gas กระแส, การไหลต่อเนื่อง
pour – to flow or enter in large amounts ไหล
drench – to make somebody/something completely wet ทำให้เปียกโชก
drenched – completely wet เปียกโชก
soak – to make someone/something very wet เปียกโชก
soaked – very wet เปียกโชก
bizarre – very strange and unusual แปลกประหลาด,วิตถาร,ผิดปกติ
ridiculous – silly or unreasonable and deserving to be laughed at น่าขัน, น่าหัวเราะ, ไร้สาระ
gaudy – too brightly coloured in a way that lacks taste or good sense ฉูดฉาด (แต่ไร้รสนิยม)
outlandish – strange or extremely unusual พิกล,ประหลาด
fearsome – very frightening น่ากลัว
scary – frightening น่าตกใจ, น่ากลัว
intimidating – frightening in a way which makes a person feel less confident frightening in a way which makes a person feel less confident น่ากลัว
restrained – showing calm control rather than emotion; not too brightly coloured or decorated ซึ่งถูกควบคุม, เจียม, เจียมตัว
suggestion – an idea or a plan that you mention for somebody else to think about ข้อเสนอ, ข้อเสนอแนะ