The creation of the Asean Economic Community (AEC) will create a new group of underprivileged people in Thailand, an academic has warned.
Sirinan Kittisuksathit of Mahidol University's Institute for Population and Social Research said she had found through a studythat a new underprivilegedgroup would emerge as a result of the AEC's launch in 2015, mainly because they will lack the language skills to compete in a regionalmarket.
The dignityof people in this group and their potential would be ignored and inequality in careers, income and social status would open up, she said.
The new underprivilegedgroup would cover a wide range of people, including youths, school and university students, graduates and working-age people.
She said double standards would be applied in the education system, recruitment and in the workplace after the AEC was established. Social inequality and widening income gaps would result. Ms Sirinan urged state agencies to find ways to minimise the impacts on these people following the launch of the AEC.
As the AEC will allow free movement of skilled labourin eight professions _ doctors, dentists, nurses, engineers, architects, accountants, surveyors and workers in the hospitality sector _ Thai students studying in these fields would become underprivileged the researcher said.
The free flow of labourwould put Thai workers at a disadvantageas their language skills were poor compared with those from other Asean countries.
Foreign workers with good language skills would be paid better wages, receive more welfarebenefits and have better career advancement prospects, she said.
The launch of the AEC would also worsen the lives of existing underprivilegedgroups in Thailand, such as statelesspeople and the poor.
Children from these groups would be at riskof human trafficking sexual abuse and being lured into the drug trade and criminal gangs, she said.
Ms Sirinan presented her research paper during a seminar on populationand the Asean community in Bangkok yesterday.
abuse: the use of something in a bad, dishonest, or harmful way - การใช้ในทางที่ผิด
architect: a person whose job is to design new buildings and make certain that they are built correctly - สถาปนิก
benefits: money provided by the government to people who need financial help because they are Have experienced difficulties, are unemployed, ill/sick, etc - เงินสงเคราะห์
dignity: respect that other people have for you or that you have for yourself - ศักดิ์ศรี
disadvantage: something that makes someone or something less effective, successful or attractive - ข้อเสียเปรียบ ข้อด้อย
labour: people whose job involves hard physical work that is not skilled, especially work that is done outdoors - กรรมกร, ผู้ใช้แรงงาน
population: a particular group of people or animals living in a particular area - กลุ่มที่อาศัยอยู่ในที่เดียวกัน
privileged: having special advantages not available to others - มีเอกสิทธิ์พิเศษ
regional: of or relating to a region - เกี่ยวกับภูมิภาค
risk: to cause someone or something to be in a dangerous situation - เสี่ยงอันตราย
stateless: not having citizenship in any country - ไร้สัญชาติ
study: A setting of the mind or thoughts upon a subject; hence, application of mind to books, arts, or science, or to any subject, for the purpose of acquiring knowledge. - งานวิจัย
trafficking: dealing in illegal goods, like drugs, weapons or in illegally moving humans or animals from one place to another - การค้าสิ่งที่ผิดกฎหมาย
underprivileged: not having as many advantages or opportunities as most other people - ด้อยโอกาส
welfare: help given, especially by the state or an organization, to people who need it; good care and living conditions - สวัสดิภาพ
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