What's new in business news: October 17, 2013 | Bangkok Post: learning

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What's new in business news: October 17, 2013

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Japan-Indonesia rail project study, SME Bank govt guarantee to recover from NPLs & 500,000 people 'enslaved' in Thailand. 

This picture taken on September 20, 2013 shows labourers sorting fish after they were unloaded from a trawler at a port in Pattani. According to the Walk Free Foundation It estimates 200,000 migrants are working in the Thai fishing industry, with a significant proportion at risk of forced labour and trafficking, due to poor regulation in the sector. (AFP Photo)

TRANSPORTATION 

Japan-Indonesian rail project study 

Kyodo News agency

The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has agreed to conduct a three-year study on building a high-speed railway system on Java Island using Japan's "bullet train" technology. This step puts Japan ahead of rivals including China and South Korea, and brings Japan closer to winning the contract.

The study will look into the costs of the project and passenger demand as well as ways to secure funding for the roughly 150-kilometre route connecting the Indonesian capital Jakarta to Bandung as well as an additional route from Bandung to Surabaya in eastern Java, a centre of commerce, that will travel at a maximum speed of 300km per hour, transporting people over an estimated 730-km stretch in about three hours.

The Indonesian railway construction project is worth 50 trillion rupiah (about 140 billion baht).

[Read full story here ]

BONDS

SME Bank govt guarantee to recover from NPLs

17/10/2013

The Small and Medium Enterprise Development Bank (SME Bank) is seeking the Finance Ministry's guarantee for a bond issuance worth up to 10 billion baht as part of its business rehabilitation plan. The bond offering is aimed at increasing the state-owned bank's liquidity after its capital was halved to 5 billion baht as provisions had to be set aside for high non-performing loans (NPLs).

SME Bank has struggled with high NPLs for years. At the end of September, the bank had NPLs amounting to 31 billion baht, or 34% of its outstanding credit, while it plans to lower NPLs to 28.85 billion baht or 29-30% of lending by the year's end. The bank's loans extended under government projects are turning sour at a rate of 200-400 million baht a month. Some 1.8 billion baht worth of loans extended under government projects are classified as NPLs. The bank is on track to reduce its bad loans as planned by selling non-performing assets (NPAs) worth 2 billion baht to Sukhumvit Asset Management (SAM) and rehabilitating bad loans worth 1 billion baht per month on average

The bonds' maturity will be five to seven years to match the bank's loan terms and it is the right time to issue bonds due to low interest rates and excessive liquidity in the financial market.  A Finance Ministry guarantee on SME Bank bonds would lower interest costs.

The bank's capital adequacy ratio, which stands at 7% of risk-weighted assets, is expected to meet the central bank's minimum requirement of 8.5% if the Finance Ministry injects an additional 2 billion baht into the bank for recapitalisation. The bank's outstanding loans amount to 91 billion baht. Net profit this year is projected at 500-600 million baht.

[Read full story here ]

LABOUR RIGHTS 

500,000 people 'enslaved' in Thailand

Thailand has the highest prevalence of modern slavery in Southeast Asia with up to half a million people living in forced servitude, according to a new index by international charity the Walk Free Foundation. The index attempts to measure the extent of modern slavery country by country, placing a figure on the number of victims subjected to human trafficking, forced labour and debt bondage across the world.

The Index puts Thailand 24th out of the 162 nations and singles it out as a hub of exploitation within the Greater Mekong Subregion, with the 7th largest enslaved population of any country in the world. Globally, Mauritania is ranked first on the modern slavery index with 150,000 slaves in a population of 3.8 million. Haiti is in second place, with Pakistan one place below. 

Researchers found victims of modern slavery in Thailand are predominantly migrant workers from Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia, while Thai women are particularly vulnerable to trafficking into the forced domestic and sex industries around the world. Victims are known to be trafficked to countries including China, Germany, Israel, Japan, South Africa and the USA. 

The report also singles out the labour intensive fishing industry as a unique issue, arguing that the country’s economic prosperity and low levels of unemployment have resulted in a labour shortage filled by migrants susceptible to exploitation. The research makes several recommendations including a plea that the government's victim hotline employ bilingual staff to encourage non-Thai speaking victims to use the service. 

[Read full story here ]

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Vocabulary:

additional: more; more than was first mentioned or is usual - ที่เพิ่มขึ้น

agency: a government department that provides a particular service - หน่วยงานราชการ

aim: to have as your purpose or goal - มีเป้าหมาย มีจุดมุ่งหมาย

assets: things owned by a person, company etc., particularly money and property - ทรัพย์สิน

attempt: when a person tries to do something or achieve some goal, makes an effort to do it - ความพยายาม

average: ordinary; not unusual or different in any way - ธรรมดา, ปกติ

bilingual: able to speak two languages extremely well - สามารถพูดหรือเขียนได้สองภาษา

bond: a way that companies and the government borrow money from many people each of which owns one or more "bonds" which are usually traded on securities exchanges - พันธบัตร

capital: a large amount of money that is invested or is used - ทุน, เงินทุน

capital: the most important town or city of a country, usually where the central government operates from - เมืองหลวง

charity: an organisation to which you give money so that it can give money and help to people who are poor or ill, or who need advice and support - กิจการกุศล, มูลนิธิ

commerce: trade, especially between countries; the buying and selling of goods and services - การค้าขายสินค้า, ธุรกิจการค้า (commerce minister รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวงพาณิชย์)

conduct: to do something in an organised way; to carry out — - ลงมือทำ, ดำเนิน, ปฏิบัติ

connect: to join together two or more things - เชื่อมต่อ

construction: the work of building or making something, especially buildings, bridges, etc. - การก่อสร้าง

contract: an official written agreement - สัญญา

cooperation: a situation in which people or organisations work together to achieve a result that will benefit all of them - การร่วมมือกัน

credit: money loaned to people - เงินกู้

demand: the need and desire of people to buy goods - อุปสงค์

domestic worker: a maid; a helper who works in the home - ผู้หญิงที่รับจ้างทำงานบ้าน

encourage: to cause someone to be more likely to happy - กระตุ้น

estimate: an amount that you guess or calculate using the information available - ประมาณการ

estimated: thought to be a particular amount, size, etc. based on a guess or the best information available - ประมาณการ

exploitation: unfair treatment of someone, or the use of a situation in a way that is wrong - การใช้หาประโยชน์อย่างไม่ถูกต้อง

extend loan: make a loan to someone; offer someone a loan; give a loan -

extent: size; the degree to which something happens or is likely to happen - ขนาด ขอบเขต

figure: a number representing a particular amount, especially one given in official information - ตัวเลข, จำนวนเลข

force: making someone do something that they don't want to do - การบังคับ

foundation: an organisation that provides money for things such as medical research or for a charity - มูลนิธิ

funding: money given for a particular purpose - การให้เงินสนับสนุน

globally: throughout the world - ทั่วโลก

guaranteed loan: guaranteed loan; when someone such as a the government agrees to pay back your loan if you cannot pay it back -

hotline: a telephone number that people can call for information - โทรศัพท์สายตรงที่จัดไว้สำหรับเหตุเร่งด่วนหรือเฉพาะเรื่อง

hub: the central or main part of something where there is most activity - จุดศูนย์กลาง

index: a number that shows the price, value, or level of something compared with something else - ดัชนี

inject: to introduce something new that is necessary or helpful to a situation or process - ฉีด

international: connected with or involving two or more countries - นานาชาติ, สากล, ระหว่างประเทศ

issuance: giving something out officially - ออกประกาศ

issue: a problem that needs to be considered - ประเด็น

labour: people whose job involves hard physical work that is not skilled, especially work that is done outdoors - กรรมกร, ผู้ใช้แรงงาน

labour intensive: a kind of work that uses a lot of workers and less machines -

labourer: a person whose job involves hard physical work that is not skilled, especially work that is done outdoors - กรรมกร, ผู้ใช้แรงงาน

lending: giving money to someone who agrees to pay it back in the future - การให้ยืม

level: the amount of something that exists in a particular situation at a particular time - ระดับ

liquidity: a situation in which an organisation, company, business, etc. has the money it needs to pay its bills - สภาพคล่อง

maximum: the most possible - ที่สูงสุด ที่มากที่สุด

migrant: someone who travels to another place or country in order to find work (an immigrant is someone who comes to live in a country from another country) - ผู้อพยพ

migrant worker: someone who travels to another place or country in order to find work - คนงานต่างถิ่น

minimum: as small in amount or degree as necessary or possible - จำนวนน้อยที่สุด, ปริมาณต่ำที่สุด

nation: a country considered as a group of people with the same language, culture and history, who live in a particular area under one government; all the people in a country - ประเทศ, คนในประเทศ

non-performing: involving loans that have not been repaid and which are not expected to be repaid - หนี้เสีย

non-performing loan (NPL): a loan that is not being paid back as arranged and may never be paid back; a non-performing loan (NPL), bad debt - หนี้เสีย, หนี้สูญ, หนี้ที่ลูกหนี้ไม่ยอมชำระตามกำหนด

offering: something made available or able to be given to someone - สิ่งที่ถวายให้, ของขวัญ

on track: likely to be successful -

outstanding: existing -

particularly: especially, or more than usual - โดยเฉพาะ

passenger: someone who travels in a motor vehicle, aircraft, train, or ship but is not the driver or one of the people who works on it - ผู้โดยสาร

plea: an urgent and emotional request - คำร้อง, คำขอ, คำขอร้อง, คำวิงวอน

population: a particular group of people or animals living in a particular area - กลุ่มที่อาศัยอยู่ในที่เดียวกัน

port: an area of water where ships stop, including the buildings around it - ท่าเรือ

predominantly: mostly or mainly - มีอิทธิพลเหนือ, มีมากกว่า

project: a planned piece of work that is designed to find information about something, to produce something new, or to improve something - โครงการ

projected: calculated based on information already known - คาดคะเน, ประเมิน

proportion: part or share of a whole - สัดส่วน

prosperity: the situation of being successful and having a lot of money - ความมั่งคั่ง

provisions: an amount of money kept to deal with problems and expenses in the future; accounting provisions -

rank: to put someone or something into a position according to their success, importance, size etc - จัดลำดับ

rate: the level or speed at which something happens or changes, or the amount or number of times it happens or changes in a particular period - อัตรา

recommendation: a suggestion for how to solve a problem, deal with a situation - ข้อเสนอแนะ

regulation: an official rule that controls the way that things are done - กฎระเบียบ

rehabilitate: to return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living - ฟื้นฟูสุขภาพ

rehabilitation: making a system, building, etc., suitable for use again, i.e., bringing it back to a good condition - การฟื้นฟูสภาพกิจการ

requirement: something that you must have or do in order to do or get something else - ข้อกำหนด, ข้อบังคับ

research: to make a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it - ทำการวิจัย

researcher: a person who carriers out a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it - นักวิจัย

results: what you get in the end when activity is completed (test results, research results, etc) - ผล

rights: the basic rights which it is generally considered all people should have, such as justice and the freedom to say what you think - สิทธิ

risk: the possibility that something dangerous or unpleasant might happen - ความเสี่ยง

rival: a person, group, team or business that competes with another - คู่ต่อสู้, คู่ปรับ, คู่แข่ง

roughly: approximately but not exactly - โดยประมาณ, อย่างคร่าวๆ

route: the roads, paths, waterways, etc., used to go from one place to another - เส้นทาง

route: the way that planes, buses, trains, or ships travel regularly - เส้นทางของรถ เรือ เครื่องบิน,etc.

sector: a part of a country’s economic or business activity - ภาค (เศรษฐกิจ)

secure: to get or achieve something - ได้มา

set aside: to keep or save something from a larger amount or supply in order to use it later for a particular purpose - สำรอง

shortage: when there is not enough of something - การขาดแคลน

significant: large or important enough to have an effect or to be noticed - ซึ่งมีความหมาย

single out: to choose one person, organisation, etc. from a group for special attention - เลือกเฉพาะ, เลือกจากกลุ่ม

sort: to arrange things in groups or in a particular order according to their type, etc; to separate things of one type from others - จัดเข้าประเภท, แยกประเภท

staff: workers employed by a person or organisation considered as a group - คณะผู้ทำงาน, คนงาน

step: one of a series of actions that you do in order to achieve a particular aim - ขั้นตอน

stretch: a straight part of a journey - ช่วง

struggle: a very difficult task that you can do only by making a great effort - ความพยายาม

study: a project that looks at some subject in great detail and produces a report to share the information - งานวิจัย

subject to: affected by - ได้รับผล

susceptible: easily influenced or affected by something - อ่อนแอ,หวั่นไหวง่าย

traffick: to obtain and sell things illegally, especially illegal drugs - ค้าขายยาเสพย์ติดหรือมนุษย์

trafficking: dealing in illegal goods, like drugs, weapons or in illegally moving humans or animals from one place to another - การค้าสิ่งที่ผิดกฎหมาย

transport: moving people or things from one place to another - การขนส่ง

transportation: the process of moving people or things from one place to another - การขนส่ง

trawler: a boat used for fishing by pulling a large net through the water - เรืออวนลาก

turn sour: when something goes from good to bad (like old milk) -

unemployment: the fact of a number of people not having a job; the number of people without a job - การว่างงาน, จำนวนผู้ว่างงาน

unique: being the only one of its kind - ซึ่งเป็นหนึ่งเดียว

unload: remove things from the ship, plane, train, truck, etc that they are being carried in - เอาขึ้น, ขนขึ้น, ถ่ายของ, ถ่ายสินค้า, ถ่ายเทสินค้า

victim: someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as a disaster, illness or an accident - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย

vulnerable: easily damaged or harmed - ซึ่งถูกทำลายได้ง่าย

worth: having a value in money, etc - มีค่า, มีมูลค่า

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