A village headman in Narathiwat's Rangae district was seriously injured in a shooting at his house on Monday afternoon, police said.
Pol Lt Rachot Nualhom, duty officer at Rangae police station, said he received a report of the shooting at 3.30pm.
When a team of police and soldiers arrived at the scene, they found Sakree Tayae, 49, injured in a pool of blood. Mr Sakree, who recently received an award for his outstanding work, had been shot in the right arm and body. He was rushed to Naradhiwas Rajanagarindra Hospital.
The injured village chief told police that two people in military uniforms parked their pickup truck, which had no licence plate, in front of his house. One of the men then came into his home and told him his boss wanted to meet him.
As Mr Sakree went to get dressed, the man fired at him twice, before fleeing with his partner.
Mr Sakree was previously attacked by gunmen five years ago.
Police blamed southern militants.