Elephants living in Myanmar are expected to be smuggled to Thailand after Myanmar bans timber exports next year, an elephant conservationist said.
Soraida Salwala, secretary-general of the Friends of the Asian Elephant, said there would be less logging work in Myanmar for elephants, so elephant camp operators would exploit the situation.
She raised concerns that many young elephants might be smuggled into Thailand along the border under the orders of elephant farms.
"Many elephant traders told me that a lot of baby elephants from Myanmar are on the list of requests by lots of elephant camp's owners," she said.
The Myanmar government says it plans to ban the export of timber from April 1 next year, in an effort to save its forests.
The plan would lead to a reduction in logging work for elephants.
Mr Soraida said borders in Mae Hong Son, Tak, Kanchanaburi and Ranong provinces are hotspots for illegal elephant trade activities.
Elephant camps in Thailand are popular among foreign tourists.
However, some camps had failed to present a reliable ID card for the young elephants to the authorities, leading to suspicions wild elephants were illegally brought to the camps.
Theerapat Prayurasiddhi, deputy chief of the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, said he would order his officers to monitor the situation, especially along the border.
He said the department was trying to prevent encounters between wild elephants and people in nearby communities in eastern provinces.
At least seven people were recently killed by wild elephants.
He said the department will increase elephant food sources and relocate rogue elephants.
He suggested strong fences should be built to prevent wild elephant encroachment.