Almost all armed ethnic groups have successfully signed ceasefire agreements with the Myanmar government. The Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) and its armed wing the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) is the only major armed group still battling the Myanmar army.
It is pertinent to ask why the government has failed to reach a ceasefire agreement with the KIO/KIA. Similarly, when all other major ethnic groups have agreed to a cessation of armed conflicts, why are the Kachin still fighting? Are their demands different from the other ethnic minorities?
Along with the Chin, the Shan and the Burmans, the Kachin signed the historic Panglong agreement that formed the Union of Burma in 1947, a year before the country's gained independence from Britain. However, since then, the Kachin have felt betrayed and discriminated against.
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