Since the late 1990s, policymakers started implementing mass transit systems such as the BTS Skytrain, MRT and Airport Rail Link to deal with the notorious traffic congestion in Bangkok that has been part of the city for the past few decades.
A file picture shows a motorised express boat loaded with commuters making its way along the Saen Saeb canal. Express boat services provide fast, inexpensive transport and a means of cutting across traffic-clogged Bangkok. EPA/RUNGROJ YONGRIT
But to everyone's dismay, the mass transit systems have failed to reduce congestion partly because of a lack of policies to control and manage the growing use of vehicles in the city. The government's recent tax rebate for first-time car buyers made local traffic congestion go from bad to worse.