Nowadays, many people seem to be more relaxed than ever about nationality, with the internet enabling them to forge close connections with distant cultures and people. But states remain extremely sensitive about their borders' inviolability. After all, territory _ including land, oceans, air space, rivers and seabeds _ is central to a country's identity, and shapes its security and foreign policy.
States can respond to territorial disputes either by surrendering some aspects of sovereignty, thus weakening their power and influence, or by adopting a more robust national-defence strategy aimed at fending off current challenges and precluding future threats. Today, many Asian countries are choosing the latter option.
Consider the territorial disputes roiling the Indian Ocean and other East Asian regions, sparked by China's repeated _ and increasingly assertive _ efforts to claim sovereignty over vast maritime areas. As China's incursions reignite long-smouldering disagreements and threaten to destabile the regional status quo, countries throughout Asia are reconsidering their strategic positions.
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