Myanmar, US 'to fight trafficking'
- Published: 19/11/2012 at 02:36 PM
- Online news:
PHNOM PENH - Myanmar has declared its cooperation to combat human trafficking with the United States during US President Barrack Obama's historical visit to the country Monday.
The two governments "affirm their commitment to the global effort to combat human trafficking, a modern form of slavery that afflicts both of our nations; recognising the requirements and provisions of the United Nations Protocol to Suppress, Punish, and Prevent Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the 2000 UN Convention on Transnational Organised Crime; acknowledging the progress made by the government of Myanmar in addressing sex trafficking and forced labour over the last two years" said a document obtained on Sunday night.
The positive developments included the repealing of the 1907 Towns and Villages Acts, which provided legal condoning of the government officials' use forced labour; the enactment of the 2012 Wards and Village Tracts Administration Act, which explicitly criminalises all forms of forced labour; the forging with the International Labor Organisation of a time-bound, comprehensive action plan to tackle forced labour in Myanmar; the opening of two additional border liaison offices on the Thai border to prevent cross-border trafficking; and the signing of a child soldiers action plan with the UN that calls for the release of child soldiers from the Myanmar armed forces and access to military sites and prisons to inspect for the presence of child soldiers, the documents said.
The opening of five Myanmar Ministry of Labour staff migrant help centres in Thailand and the more robust anti-trafficking efforts undertaken by the Ministry of Home Affairs-chaired Central Body on Trafficking in Persons (CBTIP), such as the abolishment of the mandatory detention time in government shelters for trafficking victims, were also recognised.
The US has pledged to share technical knowledge and best practices from the US and its partners in the global effort against trafficking in persons through a set of joint actions that would address all forms of trafficking, including both sex and labour trafficking, whether committed across international borders or wholly within a country's borders as well as jointly identifying cases of forced labour, the illegal recruitment of child soldiers, and sex trafficking within Myanmar.
"With the announcement of this joint plan, the governments of the Union of Myanmar and the United States are opening a regular anti-TIP dialogue that will be structured to have at least annual meetings in either Myanmar or the United States, supplemented by regular ad hoc meetings at both senior and working levels throughout the year," the joint statement said.
About the author
- Writer: Achara Ashayagachat