Nursing shortage: Govt jobs for nurses

In govt hospitals 48% of new nurses leave job in 1st year to work at private hospitals & 25% in 2nd year.



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HEALTH

Temp nurse upgrade 'will halt exodus'

12/12/2012
Paritta Wangkiat

The cabinet's decision to upgrade more than 22,600 temporary medical staff to permanent government employees is expected to halt the drain of public sector nurses, the Nurses' Association of Thailand (Nat) says.

Public Health Minister Pradit Sintawanarong has confirmed that 22,641 temporary medical staff, including 17,000 nurses, will be upgraded from contract workers to full-time government employees in the next three years.

The president of Nat, Jintana Unipan, said the upgrade will encourage more medical professionals to stay at jobs in the public health system.

According to a survey by the association, 48% of nurses who are hired as temporary staff in public hospitals leave their jobs in the first year, and about 25% of nurses leave in the second year.

Most of those nurses are drawn into private hospitals because they offer more stability and lighter workloads, she said.

More than 14,000 nurses work under temporary status in public hospitals.

The Thai Journal of Nursing Council indicated earlier this year that more than 31,000 nurses are needed to fill gaps in public hospitals.

The report predicted the nursing shortage will worsen over time.

The launch of the Asean Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 and the government's medical hub project could worsen the drain of public sector nurses, Ms Jintana said

The AEC and the government's medical hub project would attract more nurses into the private sector as they opt for higher-paid foreign positions or take jobs in private, profit-driven clinics targetting foreign patients, she said

She said the new status upgrades are likely to help the rural regions most.

We believe [the upgrade] will keep nurses at public hospitals, especially at hospitals in rural areas or small towns where medical personnel are needed the most.

The leader of a nurses' network, Sirirat Wongbudda, said the cabinet's decision could help solve the nursing shortage in public hospitals.

Ms Sirirat was hired as a temporary employee at a hospital in a rural part of Khon Kaen province.

Many nurses had left her hospital for work at private hospitals due to a lack of stability.

(Source: Bangkok Post, HEALTH, Temp nurse upgrade 'will halt exodus', 12/12/2012, Paritta Wangkiat, link

 
Healthcare Sector Vocabulary

nurse - พยาบาล (See Wikipedia)

hospital - โรงพยาบาล (See Wikipedia)
private hospital - a hospital owned and operated by a privately owned company
public hospital - a government hospital

temporary - done or used for only a limited period of time, i.e., not permanent ชั่วคราว
temp -
 Same as "temporary"
temp nurse - a nurse who only has a job for a short period of time (not "permanent job")

staff
- workers, employees พนักงาน
temporary staff
temporary medical staff

permanent - happening or existing for a long time or for all time in the future ถาวร
permanent staff - people who have their jobs for a long time or whole life (protected by labour laws)
permanent government employees

upgrade - improve; raised to a higher and better status or level; ; make new, modern, and up-to-date
upgrade more than 22,600 temporary medical staff to permanent government employees

exodus - large numbers of people leaving a place or moving away from a place
halt - to stop หยุด หยุดนิ่ง

halt exodus - stop the movement of large numbers of people
temp nurse upgrade 'will halt exodus'

expected - believe will happen คาดว่า (จะเกิดขึ้น)

sector - a part of the economy ภาคเศรษฐกิจของประเทศ (public sector = government, private sector = all businesses, household sector = families and consumers, banking sector,...) (See Wikipedia)
heathcare sector

public sector - the government
public sector nurses - nurses who work for public hospitals

private sector
- companies
private sector nurses - nurses who work for private hospitals

drain - 1. the slow movement of people out of a place or job (like water passing slowly down a drain); 2. a hole that water goes down ท่อระบายน้ำ
the drain of public sector nurses

halt - stop
halt the drain of public sector nurses

expected
the move is expected to halt the drain of public sector nurses

contract - a written (or oral) agreement that is legally binding สัญญา
contract workers - workers with a contract for a limited period of time (temporary not permanent workers)

full-time - a regular 40 hour a week job
part-time - a job less than 40 hours
full-time government employees

upgraded
from contract workers to full-time government employees 

confirmed - say that something taht someone said (a claim) is true, verified

the Public Health Minister has confirmed that 22,641 temporary medical staff, including 17,000 nurses, will be upgraded from contract workers to full-time government employees in the next three years.

medical professionals - doctors, nurses and other medical workers such as physical therapists, X-ray technicians, lab technicians, etc
public health system -
all government run hospitals and clinics

encourage - give energy to continue doing activity, motivate, give confidence ปลุกใจ
the upgrade will encourage more medical professionals to stay at jobs in the public health system
 

survey - gathering information about what people think about different subjects (public opionion) by asking large numbers of people questions and counting their answers, and then using statistics, graphs, and tables to present results (See Wikipedia) การสำรวจความเห็น

According to a survey by the association, 48% of nurses who are hired as temporary staff in public hospitals leave their jobs in the first year, and about 25% of nurses leave in the second year.

drawn into - attracted to a place, go to a place (or get a job at a place because the job is a better job)
drawn into private hospitals

stability - when a situation does change suddenly and unexpectedly, so people can operate normally and successfully ความมีเสถียรภาพ ความมั่นคง
private hospitals offer more stability

workload - the amount a person has to do in their job (during a period of time) ปริมาณงานที่คนหรือเครื่องจักรทำได้ระยะเวลาหนึ่ง
lighter workload - having less work to do in your job
private hospitals lighter workloads

Most of those nurses are drawn into private hospitals because they offer more stability and lighter workloads, she said.

status - official or legal position; the situation at a point in time สถานะ สถานภาพ
temporary status
permanent
status
status upgrades

work under temporary status
more than 14,000 nurses work under temporary status in public hospitals.

gap - 1. something missing that makes something not as good as other things; 2. a space or opening between things or in the middle of something ช่องว่าง
fill gap - improve something by providing the things that are missing
fill gaps in

the Thai Journal of Nursing Council indicated earlier this year that more than 31,000 nurses are needed to fill gaps in public hospitals.

predicted - say that something is likely to happen in the future

shortage - when there is not enough of something การขาดแคลน
nursing shortage
the report predicted the nursing shortage will worsen over time.

hub - the central or main part of something where there is most activity จุดศูนย์กลาง
medical hub
the government's medical hub project

launch - to start something เปิดโครงการ, เริ่มต้น, เริ่มทำ
the launch of the government's medical hub project

The launch of the Asean Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 and the government's medical hub project could worsen the drain of public sector nurses

attract - to cause someone to be interested in something ดึงดูดความสนใจ

opt for - to make a choice or a decision from a range of possibilities เลือก

position - job  
foreign positions - job in a foreign country
higher paid foreign positions - job in a foreign country (with higher pay and salary)

profit - money that you make from selling goods and services after all your costs have been paid กำไร
profit-driven - continue to operate by the money they make; have as their goal making money

clinics - places where people go to receive medical treatment
profit-driven clinics

target - the thing you are trying to achieve or get (here: the kind of customer you are trying to get)
targetting foreign patients

profit-driven clinics targetting foreign patients
private, profit-driven clinics targetting foreign patients

The AEC and the government's medical hub project would attract more nurses into the private sector as they opt for higher-paid foreign positions or take jobs in private, profit-driven clinics targetting foreign patients, she said

rural - in the countryside (farms, forests), not the city   ในชนบท, บ้านนอก
rural regions - farming areas outside the city

She said the new status upgrades are likely to help the rural regions most.

personnel - people who work for a company or organisation
medical personnel - people who work in hospitals and clinics (such as doctors and nurses)

We believe [the upgrade] will keep nurses at public hospitals, especially at hospitals in rural areas or small towns where medical personnel are needed the most.

network - a large system of connected parts, organisations, people, etc. เครือข่าย
nurses' network
The leader of a nurses' network, Sirirat Wongbudda, said the cabinet's decision could help solve the nursing shortage in public hospitals.

employee - someone who is paid regularly to work for a person or an organisation ลูกจ้าง
temporary employee

Ms Sirirat was hired as a temporary employee at a hospital in a rural part of Khon Kaen province.

lack -
does not have ขาดแคลน
stability

lack of stability

many nurses had left her hospital for work at private hospitals due to a lack of stability.

About the author

columnist
Writer: Jon Fernquest
Position: Online Writer