Prince Mahidol Awards 2012

This year's winners: community medicine strategy to fight "river blindness" roundworm in Africa & improved evidence-based medicine treatment guidelines.

This year’s Prince Mahidol Award recipients at Siriraj Hospital yesterday. They are Sir Michael David Rawlins, centre, chairman of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, and Dr Uche Veronica Amazigo, right, former director of the World Health Organisation’s African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control. Sir Michael won the award in the field of medicine and Dr Uche in the field of public health. TAWATCHAI KEMGUMNERD

Click button to listen to Mahidol Award Presentation download

Medicine

Brit, Nigerian win Mahidol awards

22/11/2012
Paritta Wangkiat

Dr Uche Veronica Amazigo, winner of Prince Mahidol Awards 2012 in public health.

A British and a Nigerian have been named the winners of the prestigious Prince Mahidol Award 2012.

Sir Michael David Rawlins, chairman of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), is the winner in the field of medicine.

The winner in the field of public health is Dr Uche Veronica Amazigo, former director of WHO’s African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC). 

Sir Michael has been recognised by the Prince Mahidol Award judging committee as a pioneer in providing evidence-based, clinically and cost-effective health care guidelines that aim to improve standards of healthcare in the UK.

The guidelines set by Sir Michael have been used by governments outside the UK, including Thailand, to strengthen their capacity for evidence-informed decision making.

Dr Amazigo is remarkable for her outstanding contribution in controlling and eliminating onchocerciasis as a disease of public health importance in Africa. Onchocerciasis, or "river blindness", is a major cause of blindness and skin disease in many African countries.

Sir Michael David Rawlins, winner of Prince Mahidol Awards 2012 in medicine.

Dr Amazigo played a crucial role behind APOC’s successful strategy called “community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI)” which relies on active community participation to distribute ivermectin treatment to people who need it.

An award presentation will take place in Bangkok late in January.

Each awardee will receive a US$100,000 (3.1 million baht) prize.

A total of 75 medical personnel from 34 countries were nominated this year.

(Source: Bangkok Post, Medicine, Brit, Nigerian win Mahidol awards, 22/11/2012, Paritta Wangkiat, link


Medical Research Vocabulary

Prince Mahidol Awards - "a Thai Royal Family annual award for outstanding achievements in medicine and public health worldwide" พระราชทานรางวัลสมเด็จเจ้าฟ้ามหิดล (See Wikipedia & website)

Sir Michael David Rawlins - a professor of medicine in the UK who is the chairman of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (See Wikipedia)

Dr Uche Veronica Amazigo -  former director of WHO’s programme for control of the disease Onchocerciasis in Africa & doctor who has done much work to eliminate this disease (See biography & article #1 and #2 (pdf) & YouTube)

Brit
- British person, person from the UK
Brit, Nigerian win Mahidol awards

prestigious - admired and respected by people ที่มีชื่อเสียง ที่ได้รับความนับถือ
the prestigious Prince Mahidol Award

name winners - announce the winners of an award
named the winners of the award
A British and a Nigerian have been named the winners of the prestigious Prince Mahidol Award 2012.


Onchocerciasis - a parasitic disease from infection by a roundworm "second in world only to trachoma as infectious cause of blindness" (See Wikipedia)

blindness - the condition of being unable to see การสูญเสียสายตา
river blindness - another name for the disease "Onchocerciasis"

Onchocerciasis
, or "river blindness", is a major cause of blindness and skin disease in many African countries.

ivermectin - an important drug that kills many different kinds of parasites such as worms (broad-spectrum antiparasitic), used to treat Onchocerciasis (See Wikipedia)


National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) - part of the English National Health Service (NHS) publishing "guidelines in three areas. The use of health technologies within the NHS (such as the use of new and existing medicines, treatments and procedures), clinical practice (guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific diseases and conditions), and guidance for public sector workers on health promotion and ill-health avoidance. These appraisals are based primarily on evaluations of efficacy and cost-effectiveness in various circumstances... has acquired a high reputation internationally as a role model for the development of clinical guidelines and cost-benefits of medical technologies that it assesses. NICE also plays an important role in pioneering technology" (See Wikipedia)

public health - the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health in a large group of people such as a community or whole country (See Wikipedia)

field -
a complicated subject (area of knowledge) that people do as work, research or study as students
the field of medicine
the field of public health

Sir Michael David Rawlins, chairman of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), is the winner in the field of medicine.

WHO -
World Health Organization, the UN organization responsible for world public health (See Wikipedia)

The winner in the field of public health is Dr Uche Veronica Amazigo, former director of WHO’s African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC). 

healthcare - the treatment and prevention of diseases and other medical problems
guidelines - directions and instructions on how to do something;  rules to help guide action แนวทาง นโยบาย
health care guidelines

evidence - information that shows and proves something to be true หลักฐาน
evidence-based - using the best evidence to make decisions in some task or activity

Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) - the use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients, uses clinical research studies to determine best treatment (See Wikipedia)

informed - to have information and know what is happening, to know about something about, knowledgeable ซึ่งรอบรู้
evidence-informed

decision making
evidence-informed decision making

clinic (noun) - a place that provides medical treatment (See Wikipedia)
clinical (adjective) - the treatment of disease and medical conditions by doctors
clinical medicine - the application of medicine to individual patients with their individual medical needs (See Wikipedia)

effective - works well, gets the job done; producing the result that was intended ได้ผลดี
clinically effective
cost-effective

evidence-based, clinically and cost-effective health care guidelines

pioneer - be the first one to do something
a pioneer in providing evidence-based, clinically and cost-effective health care guidelines

standards - an acceptable level of quality or achievement มาตรฐาน rules for behaving which should be obeyed บรรทัดฐาน, กฎเกณฑ์, กรอบ
standards of healthcare

improve - to make better ทำให้ดีขึ้น
improve standards of healthcare in the UK.

aim - purpose; goal; the thing you hope to achieve by doing something  เป้าหมาย จุดมุ่งหมาย
guidelines that aim to improve standards of healthcare in the UK

judge -
judge of a competition, one the people who decides who wins an award in some competition or contest ผู้ตัดสิน, กรรมการผู้ตัดสิน
judging -
the process of looking closely at, comparing, evaluating to decide who wins an award

committee - a group of people who work together to accomplish some tasks and make some decisions คณะกรรมการ
judging committee

recognised by - when a person is given an award for doing some good thing (an accomplishment)
recognised by the Prince Mahidol Award judging committee as ....

Sir Michael has been recognised by the Prince Mahidol Award judging committee as a pioneer in providing evidence-based, clinically and cost-effective health care guidelines that aim to improve standards of healthcare in the UK.

capacity - the ability to do something ความสามารถในการทำงาน
capacity for evidence-informed decision making.

The guidelines set by Sir Michael have been used by governments outside the UK, including Thailand, to strengthen their capacity for evidence-informed decision making.

outstanding - clearly very much better than what is usual ยอดเยี่ยม, ดีเด่น
contribution - help produce something or help make something successful ผลงาน,การช่วยเหลือ
outstanding contribution - to do something very excellent that advances some science or field of research

remarkable - unusual or special and therefore surprising and worth mentioning ไม่ธรรมดา
remarkable for her outstanding contribution

control - stop a problem from increasing, make something do or behave the way you want ควบคุม
eliminate - get rid of, stop, end กำจัด

controlling onchocerciasis
eliminating onchocerciasis

controlling and eliminating onchocerciasis
outstanding contribution in controlling and eliminating onchocerciasis

the doctor is remarkable for her outstanding contribution in controlling and eliminating onchocerciasis as a disease of public health importance in Africa.

crucial - very important (because it effects the result of something) สำคัญยิ่ง
role - the purpose or function that someone or something has in a situation, organisation, society or relationship บทบาท

crucial
role - an important function in some situation or organization  บทบาท สำคัญยิ่ง
play a crucial role

strategy - a plan to achieve a goal over a longer period of time (longer than a "tactic")
successful strategy

played a
crucial role behind the successful strategy

community - local people, all the people who live in a local area or place ชุมชน
treatment - the process of providing medical care การรักษา
community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI)

active - working, operating, doing its job
participation - when a person joins an activity, instead of just watching; being involved in an activity (rather than merely watching it happen)
distribute - to give something to a group of people แจกจ่าย

the strategy relies on active community participation to distribute ivermectin treatment to people who need it

award - a prize or a sum of money that is given to someone following an official decision รางวัล
award presentation - the event at which an award is given to the people who won it
an award presentation will take place in Bangkok late in January.

awardee - a person who receives an award
each awardee will receive a US$100,000 (3.1 million baht) prize.

personnel - people who work for a company or organisation
medical personnel - people such as doctors and nurses who do medical work
nominated - officially suggested for a job or position or award แต่งตั้ง

A total of 75 medical personnel from 34 countries were nominated this year.

About the author

columnist
Writer: Jon Fernquest
Position: Online Writer