The Barisan Revolusi Nasional (BRN), which has agreed to enter peace talks with the government on the southern unrest, cannot control all of the young insurgents, Deputy Prime Minister Chalerm Yubamrung said.
Mr Chalerm acknowledged that many young rebels could not be controlled by the BRN.
"It's like the senior bandits have turned over a new leaf, but the young ones have no money and continue to commit crimes," Mr Chalerm said.
However, he said the peace talks deal with the BRN would help to improve security in the far South.
Mr Chalerm, who heads the government's southern command centre, will meet former Malaysian prime minister Mahathir Mohamad in Langkawi on March 28. On the same day, the National Security Council (NSC) will open its peace talks with the BRN.
Mr Chalerm said he expected positive results to come out of the talk and that the dialogue could be extended to other insurgent groups.
NSC secretary-general Paradorn Pattanatabut said security authorities would meet today to prepare details of the March 28 meeting.
He added the cabinet had resolved to extend the executive decree on public administration in emergency situations imposed in the far South for another three months from March 19 to June 20.
He said the decree was still necessary, but if the insurgency eased, emergency rule might be replaced with the Internal Security Act.
The NSC secretary-general said the BRN also favours the enforcement of the Internal Security Act.
He has asked the BRN to do its bit to help stop or reduce violence in the southernmost provinces.
Lt Gen Paradorn hinted at the possibility that the peace talks would conclude with the formation of a special Pattani Metropolitan Administration.
Meanwhile, the Fourth Army commander Udomchai Thammasaroraj has instructed all taskforces in the deep South to step up security at all road checkpoints in anticipation of violence today, which marks the anniversary of the establishment of the BRN.
Col Pramote Prommin, spokesman for the Internal Security Operations Command's (Isoc) 4th Region Forward Command, said insurgents often carried out attacks this month to mark the anniversary. Army chief Prayuth Chan-ocha has ordered forces to beef up security in seven towns which could serve as economic targets in the deep South, he added.
More police volunteers will be sent to communities in the far South to forge closer ties between authorities and residents, Isoc spokesman Dittaporn Sasasamit said.
Lt Gen Dittaporn added that alarms and more CCTV cameras will be installed in known troublespots.
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