Indonesians enthusiastic ahead of vote
- Published: 5/04/2014 at 02:29 PM
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JAKARTA: Doni Wilson, a 38-year-old Jakarta taxi driver, has voted only once in his life and swore he'd never do it again after feeling a huge letdown by Indonesia's current president.
But he's changed his mind after being gripped by a fever that has energised many previous non-voters to head to the polls this coming Wednesday and cast their ballots in legislative elections.
For many of the voters, the main motivation is to try to boost the chances for the country's most popular politician to become president in July.
Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo, known affectionately as Jokowi, has attracted legions of supporters, especially among the young, igniting the same type of hunger for change that galvanised many previously apathetic American voters to turn out for Barack Obama in 2008.
Supporters of National Aceh Party rally in Banda Aceh on Friday during a campaign for the legislative election.(AFP Photo)
The soft-spoken former furniture producer wears simple button-down shirts with no tie or jacket and has developed a reputation of getting up close and personal with the capital's poor, from wading into floodwaters to visiting slums.
Many consider Widodo a shoo-in for the presidency -- he was leading opinion polls months before his nomination was announced in March -- but his Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle first needs to win 20% of the seats in the House of Representatives for him to enter the presidential race.
Otherwise, a coalition must be formed with one or more parties to put candidates forward for the July 9 presidential election.
"His presence has brought fresh air and new hope for a better Indonesia," Wilson said. "I will vote for him because he is a good leader and we have to support him."
About 200,000 candidates will compete for more than 19,000 slots in Wednesday's elections. In addition to voting for the House, Indonesians will also elect a regional representative council that advises the government and local legislative councils.
It's a huge feat for a vast archipelago of 17,000 islands that became a democracy only 15 years ago after holding its first free elections following three decades of brutal dictatorship that ended when strongman Suharto was overthrown in 1998.
Indonesia, home to more than 240 million people, is the world's most populous Muslim nation and the third-largest democracy after India and the United States.
Indonesian presidential candidate Joko Widodo gestures during a campaign rally in Jakarta. (AP Photo)
But even though this year marks only the fourth time Indonesians have had the opportunity to pick their leaders, encouraging voters to visit the polls remains a challenge amid cronyism, money laundering and rampant corruption scandals ensnaring even politicians once largely believed to be clean.
Analysts say getting young people excited about the election is an even bigger challenge, especially with Twitter and Facebook exploding with negative comments about candidates in one of the world's biggest users of social media.
Of the 53 million to 60 million young voters, about half are considered "golput", or abstainers, said Election Supervisory Committee member Nasrullah, who like many Indonesians uses one name.
But Widodo's down-to-earth approach as an outsider who's not connected to old-school politics has attracted a storm of attention.
Many young voters are perceived to be drawn to the "Jokowi effect", which could drive voter participation up 5% in the legislative elections, said Ikrar Nusabhakti, a political analyst from the Indonesian Science Institute, adding that overall turnout is expected to be as high as 80%. It was 71% in the 2009 elections.
"He is a fresh face among the well-worn politicians, businessmen and controversial military men in public positions," Nusabhakti said. "He offers a distinct appeal to the common man on the street and is also known for championing small people's rights. ... No wonder so many people are keen to support him."
Jokowi's campaign rallies have drawn thousands of flag-waving supporters wearing red shirts with large bull's heads, his party's symbol, though the candidate has appeared more comfortable making impromptu visits to markets and neglected areas of the country.
As mayor of the central Java city of Solo from 2005-12, Widodo turned the city into a regional centre for arts and culture that attracted foreign tourists, while instituting reforms to fight corruption. He won re-election with 90% of the vote in 2010.
A Jakarta woman walks past an Election Commission poster urging residents to vote in Wednesday's legislative elections. (AFP Photo)
Since taking over as governor of Jakarta, he has raised the minimum wage in the city by 40%, to the equivalent of 7,350 baht a month, rolled out a new health insurance programme, expanded free schooling for the poor and started construction on a long-awaited subway line.
Widodo's party, chaired by former president Megawati Sukarnoputri, the daughter of founding president Sukarno, has topped most opinion polls for months as the most electable. His name was formally tossed into the running on March 14.
The Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle, which ranked third after the ruling Democratic Party and the Golkar Party in the 2009 elections, is now leading the pack, according to the latest survey by the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
The face-to-face survey of 1,200 respondents across 33 provinces from March 7 to 17 forecast Widodo's party winning 20.1% of the popular vote, trailed by Golkar with 15.8% and Gerindra (Great Indonesia Movement) with 11.3%.
It also found that Widodo held a big lead as a presidential hopeful and would win 31.8% of the vote if the election were held today.
The next contenders were Prabowo Subianto of the Gerindra Party, who had 14.3%, and Wiranto of the Hanura Party, with 10.3%. Both of whom are former military generals with more political experience than Widodo. The margin of error was plus-or-minus 2.8%.
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is constitutionally barred from seeking a third term, and his party has been rocked by a number of high-profile corruption scandals.
The 12 parties competing nationally in the upcoming elections comprise either secular nationalists, such as Golkar and the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle, or moderate parties loosely based on Islam.
Public opinion polls have indicated that no party will win an outright majority in the legislature, and parties are likely to enter an intense period of coalition building ahead of the presidential election.
Although nearly 90% of Indonesians or 210 million people, are Muslim, there are no fundamentalist parties. There also are no left-wing groupings, and the once-formidable Indonesian Communist Party, which Suharto's US-backed dictatorship decimated in the 1960s, remains banned.
With so many parties running, new voters are being courted. Nearly 22 million Indonesians will vote for the first time this year, out of 187 million registered voters, according to the Election Commission. And not all of them are decided.
"I want to vote for the first time," Anneke Carolina, 18, said while hanging out at a Jakarta mall with friends. "But I'm still confused. I don't know anything about the candidates, and no party has a good reputation."
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Writer: Associated Press