Opec+ agrees on bigger oil-production hikes

Opec+ agrees on bigger oil-production hikes

Kaombo Norte floating oil platform is seen from a helicopter off the coast of Angola, on Nov 8, 2018. (Photo: Reuters)
Kaombo Norte floating oil platform is seen from a helicopter off the coast of Angola, on Nov 8, 2018. (Photo: Reuters)

Opec+ will increase the size of its oil-supply hikes by about 50%, bowing to months of pressure from major consumers including the United States to help ease the pain of high energy prices.

Ministers agreed on Thursday that the group should add 648,000 barrels a day of oil to the market in July and August, up from 432,000 barrels a day in recent months, delegates said, asking not to be named because the discussions were private. 

The increase would be divided proportionally between members in the usual way, delegates said. Countries that have been unable to raise production, such as Angola, Nigeria and most recently Russia, would still be allocated a higher quota. That could mean that the actual supply boosts are smaller than the official figure, as has often been the case in recent months. 

Oil pared losses in New York, trading 0.9% lower at US$114.26 a barrel as of 9.23am local time.

Opening the taps wider is a major turnaround for the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) and its allies. The group, led by Saudi Arabia, has been doggedly sticking to its plan for gradual monthly supply increases even after the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, a key member of the group, upended global markets and sent energy prices soaring. The cartel has so far avoided discussing the crisis at most meetings, saying it’s a matter of politics rather than markets. 

The additional supply increases from Opec+ would probably come from a few countries. Only Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have significant volumes of spare capacity that could be ramped up quickly. Many other members have been struggling to hit their output targets for months. 

Russia’s production has dropped significantly since the invasion of Ukraine on a combination of western sanctions, shipping difficulties and rejection by some traditional customers. Its output was 1.3 million barrels a day below its Opec+ target in April, according to the International Energy Agency. 

Political pressure from the White House may have brought about the Saudis’ policy shift. The kingdom’s foreign minister said last week that there was nothing more it could do to tame oil markets, and even suggested there was no shortfall of crude. 

“While we initially thought such a policy shift would likely coincide with a meeting between (US) President (Joe) Biden and (Saudi Arabia's) Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, we now believe that the expiration of the Opec+ agreement could potentially come at tomorrow’s ministerial meeting,” RBC strategists including Helima Croft said in a note late on Wednesday. “The remaining barrels could be added back in July and August.”

Opec+ is a group of 24 oil-producing nations, made up of the 13 Opec members and 11 other non-Opec members.

Countries that belong to Opec include Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela (the five founders), plus Algeria, Angola, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Libya, Nigeria, the UAE.

Opec+ includes Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Brunei Darussalam, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Philippines, Russia, Sudan and South Sudan.

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