China gears up for yuan defence
State banks told to be ready to sell dollars to keep currency from falling further
published : 29 Sep 2022 at 17:07
China’s central bank has asked major state-owned banks to be prepared to sell dollars for the local unit in offshore markets as it steps up efforts to stem the descent of the yuan, four sources with knowledge of the matter said.
State banks were told to ask their offshore branches — including those based in Hong Kong, New York and London — to review their holdings of offshore yuan and ensure US dollar reserves are ready to be deployed, three of the sources, who declined to be identified, told Reuters.
The simultaneous selling of dollars and buying of yuan could put a floor under the Chinese currency, which has lost more than 11% against the dollar so far this year and looks set for its biggest annual loss since 1994, when China unified its official and market rates.
The scale of this round of dollar selling to defend the weakening yuan will be rather big, one of the sources said.
The People’s Bank of China did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment.
The offshore yuan immediately bounced about 200 pips after the Reuters story broke and was trading at 7.1849 per dollar as of Thursday afternoon.
While the yuan’s depreciation has been gradual and in line with the fall in major currencies against a dollar buoyed by aggressive Federal Reserve monetary tightening, its decline to the weaker side of 7-per-dollar has raised concerns about domestic sentiment and potential capital outflows.
The offshore yuan moves in lockstep with the onshore unit, but its trading volumes account for about 70% of all yuan foreign-exchange trades globally, dwarfing the volumes traded on the mainland.
Chinese authorities have intervened in the past in the offshore yuan market to steer the yuan.
Sources said the intervention plan involved using state lenders’ dollar reserves primarily. But the total amount of dollar selling is yet to be determined as the yuan’s movements are largely dependent on dollar moves and the Fed’s tightening trajectory, the source said.
China burned through $1 trillion of its official reserves to prop up the yuan after a one-off 2% devaluation in 2015 that roiled global financial markets.
State banks, which usually act as the agents of the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) in offshore markets, are scrambling to procure more dollars in offshore markets, one of the sources said.
The PBOC did not respond immediately when asked by Reuters about state banks stocking up on dollars.
The latest proposal follows other steps authorities have taken to put a floor under the yuan, through persistently setting firmer-than-expected midpoint fixings, verbal warnings and holding off major monetary easing efforts.
The PBOC has also introduced policy measures this month, such as increasing the cost of shorting the currency by lowering the amount of foreign exchange financial institutions must hold as reserves and reinstating risk-reserve requirements on currencies purchased through forwards.
Earlier this week, Chinese monetary authorities told local banks to revive a yuan-fixing tool it abandoned two years ago as they sought to steer and defend the weakening currency.