Indonesia eyes property, economic boost with residency visa plan for foreign investors
published : 5 Dec 2022 at 17:26
writer: South China Morning Post
Indonesia is preparing to unveil more details on its long-term residency visa scheme to attract foreign capital and property investors including from mainland China and Hong Kong, as Southeast Asia's biggest economy recovers from a pandemic-induced slump.
Officials in Jakarta have so far indicated a minimum requirement of US$130,000 in bank deposits and a tax holiday on overseas income, to rival incentives in similar schemes dangled by its regional neighbours like Malaysia and Thailand.
The scheme may give local real estate prices a boost as well as revive tourism in its popular islands like Bali. A central bank survey in August showed a midyear recovery in the primary residential market lost momentum, while the nation's US$1.2 trillion economy grew at an annual rate of 5.7% last quarter, trailing market consensus.
"This visa scheme could be very successful with those from mainland China and Hong Kong who wish for an attractive lifestyle and low cost of living," said Kashif Ansari, co-founder and group CEO of Juwai IQI, a property portal. It could surpass the success in Malaysia, he added.
Malaysia's programme requires minimum bankable assets of 1.5 million ringgit (US$334,000) and at least 40,000 ringgit of monthly offshore income. The "second home" programme has lured over 42,000 foreigners, a third of them from mainland China and Hong Kong, according to data compiled by Juwai IQI.
Thailand began accepting applications in September for its Long Term Residency scheme, which comes with a 10-year local residency, seeking US$27 billion of capital infusion by courting wealthy or talented foreigners over the next five years.
"I have heard about Indonesia's residency programme, but it's not something that I can consider immediately," said Jeffrey Cheng, founder of Hong Kong-based PopSand Robotics, which sells the Talkbo robot and apps that teach the English language to students. "In the long run, if Indonesia becomes our dominant market, I will consider taking it up."
Indonesia is PopSand's first target market in Southeast Asia, said Cheng, who is coordinating with a local company to distribute its products. Its 276 million people make the world's fourth most populous nation an important market in the region for his company, he added.
Property developers such as Magnum Estate and Samahita Group are also latching onto the visa programme to attract buyers to their projects. The main tourist destination of Bali is most likely to be a target real estate investment given its popularity, Ansari said.
Magnum Estate offers 165 beachfront apartments in Sanur, starting from US$375,000, a company spokesman said. Each comes with a 52-year lease and an option to extend by 30 years, longer than the typical 25-year lease on most Balinese homes.
For US$130,000, foreign investors can buy a one-bedroom flat at The Umalas in Canggu, Bali, a residential project developed by Samahita Group.
The Indonesian government is seeking to revive tourism in Bali, which used to receive about 20,000 tourists per day before the pandemic struck. The visa scheme will allow foreigners to reside in Bali for five to 10 years, versus a maximum of 60 days on a tourist visa, the Magnum Estate spokesman added.
Beyond Bali, investors are also banking on Indonesia's recovering economy to boost consumption and buying confidence in the property market, according to Yap Shih Chia, chief executive officer of Mitbana, a joint venture between Mitsubishi Corp and Temasek-owned Surbana Jurong.
Indonesia is a key investment market for Mitbana, said Yap. Its growing middle class "gives us good reason to remain committed" to the economy, he added.
For now, Indonesia's government will need to provide more clarity on the visa scheme, according to Henley & Partners, a migration consultancy based in London, specifically the differences between the 5- and 10-year visas and the applicable cities.
"On paper, the visa looks like an attractive proposition when compared to other investment migration programmes offered in Southeast Asia such as Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand," it said by email.