Nepartak hits China's Fujian province hard | Bangkok Post: learning

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Nepartak: Final update (Monday)

In this July 9, 2016 photo, a villager walks around a destroyed house, after torrential rainfall brought by typhoon Nepartak, in Lingcuo village of Xindu Township in Putian, southeast China's Fujian Province. Typhoon Nepartak weakened to a strong tropical storm Saturday as it lashed China's east coast, bringing powerful winds and heavy rains that toppled houses and inundated roads. (Zhang Guojun/Xinhua News Agency via AP)

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Nepartak weakened into a strong tropical storm after making landfall in Fujian on Saturday, but continued to soak the region, where emergency workers scrambled to reach residents trapped on the upper floors of submerged buildings and collapsed homes.

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Monday update

10:55

Nepartak which rapidly build from a simple thunderstorm to a super typhoon has now left Taiwan and is just finishing up its devastation of already-flooded areas of China. This will likely be our final update and English learners now have an excellent example of a major storm story from start to finish.

The Associated Press filed this report this morning.

AP – Nepartak weakened into a strong tropical storm after making landfall in Fujian on Saturday, but continued to soak the region, where emergency workers scrambled to reach residents trapped on the upper floors of submerged buildings and collapsed homes.

The Fujian water resources department's website said that two people were killed and 17 others missing, but did not give more details.

Unusually heavy rain has pounded southern China in recent months, triggering severe flooding along rivers, including the Yangtze. Meteorologists blame the floods on a particularly intense El Nino weather pattern that has resulted in up to a 50 percent increase in rainfall in certain areas.

The government said Friday that 164 people have been killed by floods, hail and landslides since June 30, while 32 million people across 26 provinces have been affected.

Dramatic pictures have emerged of people pushing cars through waist-high water and a soccer stadium with rainwater filled to its upper rafters in Wuhan, a central Chinese city that has been particularly hard hit.

Residents look at an inundated house as they stand in floodwaters in Putian, in eastern China's Fujian province on July 9, 2016 after tropical storm Nepartak made landfall in China on July 9. / AFP PHOTO /

Sunday update

9:25

China's Fujian Province hit hard

This image taken with a cameraphone shows cars and buses being washed away by floodwaters in Fuzhou, in eastern China's Fujian province on July 9. / AFP PHOTO /

China's official Xinhua news agency reports that Nepartak has inflicted huge damage after making landfall on Saturday afternoon in east China's Fujian Province.

Calling the storm a "typhoon" , not a "tropical storm" , Xinhua says Nepartak made first landfall early on Friday in eastern Taiwan, packing winds of up to 190 km per hour, gusting up to 234 km per hour.

According to Xinhua a red rainstorm alert was issued in Putian City, which experienced more than 250 millimeters of precipitation in four hours early this morning. Forty-three people in a residential area were rescued by firefighters after floodwaters submersed two buildings. Many buildings have collapsed and landslides were reported in rural and mountainous areas.

An incomplete estimation showed more than 420,000 people in four cities, including the provincial capital of Fuzhou, have been urgently relocated, Xinhua says.

Saturday update

20:30

Here is a brief evening update from AFP

Tropical storm makes landfall in China

A tropical storm made landfall in China Saturday afternoon, the country's national meteorological center said, a day after super Typhoon Nepartak lashed Taiwan with powerful winds and torrential rain.

Nepartak, which has weakened to a tropical storm since it brought chaos to Taiwan on Friday, hit the city of Shishi in the southeastern Fujian province at 1:45 pm local time (0545 GMT), packing winds of up to 90 kilometres (56 miles) per hour.

More than 420,000 people across four cities, including the provincial capital Fuzhou, have been evacuated and more than 33,000 boats returned to harbour, according to the official Xinhua news agency.

Five airports were closed, prompting the cancellation of nearly 400 flights, while more than 300 trains were also cancelled, Xinhua said.

9:20

Nepartak has lost its tight organisation and its status as a typhoon. It is still dangerous as a tropical storm, however. Photo from the Central Weather Bureau in Taiwan released at 8:30am our time.

As of Saturday morning, Nepartak is now a tropical storm. As expected, Taiwan's high mountains tore the storm apart and it is no longer the fearsome highly organised typhoon is it was when it made landfall Friday morning.

A tropical storm is still serious, however, especially when it is headed to areas that are already flooded. The big question now is just how much rain will fall in China and where.

The China Post reports that Nepartak has left at least three dead in Taiwan with 142 injured. There have been 1,836 cases of trees and signboards falling.

Most of the injuries and much of the damage occurred in Taitung county where the storm made landfall at 5:50am Friday.

Friday updates

An image of Typhoon Nepartak released at 17:00 our time by the Central Weather Bureau in Taiwan, showing the storm leaving Taiwan and heading for mainland China.

17:30

A map of Taiwan and China. Much of China is already reeling from heaving flooding.

Nepartak is approaching the coast of China. It will weaken as it goes overland, but heavy rains are expected, perhaps even as far as Wuhan which is already under water from previous rains.

This picture taken on July 6, 2016 shows the flooded Xinhua Road Sports Centre Stadium in Wuhan, central China's Hubei province. Heavy rain around China's Yangtze river basin has left 128 people dead and scores missing, media said on July 5, with more damage feared from a typhoon expected to land this week. / AFP PHOTO

16:35

The Associated Press reports that power has been partially restored in Taiwan Thus far, the storm has killed two people and injured 72.

By late morning, Nepartak had weakened to a medium-strength typhoon, packing maximum sustained winds of 163 kilometers per hour and gusts of up to 230 kph, Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau said. It was forecast to reach mainland China's Fujian province Saturday morning.

This overhead view shows three vehicles that were blown over by strong winds and reportedly carried some 100 metres down the road by strong winds, in the Taiwanese city of Taitung on July 8, 2016 after Super Typhoon Nepartak passed over the island. Super Typhoon Nepartak brought chaos to Taiwan on July 8, forcing more than 15,000 people to flee their homes as the strongest winds in over a century lashed part of the island. Two people are known dead as a result of the storm, a soldier who fell into the sea off Dongyin Island and a man who drowned off a beach in Hualien county./ AFP PHOTO / CNA PHOTO /

15:00

The first photos are just starting to come in from Taiwan.

A man and a woman are seen amongst debris in front of a shop with broken shutters, towrn away by strong winds of Typhoon Nepartak in Taitung on July 8, 2016 Super Typhoon Nepartak lashed Taiwan with powerful winds and torrential rain as it made landfall Friday, injuring dozens and forcing more than 15,000 to evacuate their homes as the island cancelled hundreds of flights and shut offices and schools. / AFP PHOTO / CNA PHOTO

11:25 

The weather bureau in Taiwan in another good source for the latest information on the storm: http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7e/observe/radar/  

An image of Super Typhoon Nepartak released at 11:00 our time by the Central Weather Bureau in Taiwan

7:55

We know that Super Typhoon Nepartak has made landfall in southeastern Taiwan, but it is too early for many details. Concern is growing for China where cities, towns and villages are already under water from major floods.

English learners: You'll notice a lot of past tense and some present perfect in this story, quite different from yesterday's "before the storm" story.

Here is an early Friday morning story from AFP:

Thousands evacuated as super typhoon hits Taiwan

Super Typhoon Nepartak lashed Taiwan with powerful winds and torrential rain as it made landfall early Friday, forcing thousands to evacuate their homes as the island cancelled hundreds of flights and shut offices and schools for the day.

Packing gusts of up to 234 kilometres per hour (145 miles per hour), it landed at Taimali township in eastern Taitung county shortly before 6:00 am (2200 GMT Thursday).

Fishermen reinforce their fishing boats to withstand strong winds as Typhoon Nepartak was forecast to hit in the coming days, at a port in Lianyungang, in eastern China's Jiangsu province on July 7, 2016. Residents in China's eastern coastal areas were told to brace for gales and downpours as the first typhoon of the season headed toward Taiwan on July 6, state media reported. / AFP PHOTO

TV footage showed ferocious winds battering Taitung, which recorded the strongest gusts since 1901, according to Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau.

Fallen shop signs and toppled trees littered the streets, while a cargo train car was blown off the tracks in Taitung, TV showed.

One man drowned off a beach in Hualien county Thursday, according to an official tally.

More than 15,000 people have been moved from their homes which were prone to landslides or flooding and about 3,700 of them were in shelters.

Nearly 4,000 people evacuated were in New Taipei City, which includes Wulai, a popular hot spring area near the capital which was cut off for days after Typhoon Soudelor ravaged Taiwan last August.

As many as 331,900 households lost power due to the storm, with close to 255,000 without electricity as of Friday morning.

This satellite image from 7:30am Friday shows that Super Typhoon Nepartak has hit Taiwan but the brunt of the storm is over the sparsely populated southeastern coast. Rainfall, especially in China, is likely to be the biggest problem. (Photo from the Japanese Himawari meteorological satellites.)

The government said financial markets, schools and offices would all be closed Friday.

Most scheduled domestic flights were cancelled while 365 international flights were affected, Taipei's two main airports said.

The railway will be closed for most of the day.

Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau said the storm had weakened slightly after making landfall but would continue to dump torrential rain across the island for much of Friday.

The storm had a radius of 200 kilometres and was moving at a speed of 11 kilometres an hour.

"It is expected the strength of this typhoon will continue to weaken and slow down in speed," the weather bureau said.

It is forecast to hit southern China after battering Taiwan.

Thursday's stories

Weather Underground meteorologist Jeff Masters says Super Typhoon Nepartak intensified from a mere tropical storm to a Category 4 super typhoon in only 24 hours between Monday and Tuesday.

Satellite imagery shows the now Category 5 super typhoon on a direct path to Taiwan which should start feel its effects later today. I'll have updates as the situation becomes clearer. English learners should notice how the verb forms change as the storm develops.

A topographical map of Taiwan. (Google maps)

20:30 

What is likely to happen?

Super Typhoon Nepartak is still expected to make landfall in Taiwan after midnight tonight and meteorologists have been explaining what is likely to happen. For that, you need to know a bit about the topography of the island.

Landfall will come along the eastern coast and towns and villages there will be very hard hit by wind, rain and a life-threatening storm surge. Notice that just inland is a massive range of mountains, the densest in the world. There, up to a metre of rain may fall, causing landslides and flash floods.

The mountains are high enough to cause the storm to weaken considerably before it reaches the western side of the island where most of the people live. Notice that Taipei is far to the north and is likely to escape severe damage.

From then on it is into China. While it is likely to be a tropical storm when it reaches there, it will bring heavy rain to a country already suffering from historic floods. Clearly, this story will continue for several days.

18:10

China is next in line after Taiwan to feel the effects of Nepartak, a major concern because much of the country is experiencing severe flooding. Reuters, says, however, the story will likely have weakened to a tropical storm by the time it hits China, but, of course, tropical storms usually drop a lot of rain.

16:30

CNN says landfall is expected some time after midnight tonight. The eastern coast where it will hit first is sparsely populated but there are areas that need to be evacuated "immediately" because the storm will be "."

15:50

News agencies are only slowly updating their stories but from the latest satellite imagery, Taiwan must be feeling the early effects of Super Typhoon Nepartak now. You can see for yourself here. Notice there is also an animation:http://www.jma.go.jp/en/gms/index.html?area=1&element=0&time=201607070830&mode=UTC

In this updated Thursday photo (15:30 our time), the outer edges of Super Typhoon Nepartak have reached Taiwan. As you can see, Thailand is not in the storm's direct path. (Photo from the Japanese Himawari meteorological satellites.)

Here is a "before the storm" story – the news from AFP as of 11:30am our time:

Taiwan cancels flights as super typhoon approaches

Taipei, AFP – Taiwan cancelled dozens of flights and shut schools and offices Thursday as the island braced for a direct hit from Super Typhoon Nepartak, the first major tropical storm of the season.

The typhoon was packing gusts of up to 245 kilometres an hour as it rumbled towards the eastern county of Hualien, where it is due to make landfall early Friday, according to Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau.

The storm is expected to dump torrential rain on the whole island with mountainous areas forecast to be deluged with up to 500 millimetres, potentially triggering landslides that have in the past claimed hundreds of lives.

More than 35,000 soldiers are on standby to help with evacuations and disaster relief, while 90 shelters have been set up.

Most domestic flights were grounded while 59 international flights would be affected, Taipei's two main airports said.

This handout photo taken by the Water Resources Agency and released by CNA Photo on July 7, 2016 shows visitors watching as water is released as a preventive measure from the Shihmen Dam in the northern city of Taoyuan as weather forecasters warn of torrential rains and fierce winds from approaching Super Typhoon Nepartak. AFP PHOTO / CNA PHOTO / Water Resources Agency


The popular tourist spots of Green Island and Orchid Island, which have already evacuated thousands of visitors since Tuesday, announced the closure of all schools and offices on Thursday.

Conditions are expected to deteriorate significantly before the storm hits, the weather bureau said.

"Its storm circle is gradually approaching the waters off southeastern Taiwan, posing a threat to all regions and Penghu," it added.

The storm had a radius of 200 kilometres and was moving west-northwest at a speed of 14 kilometres an hour.

The storm is forecast to hit southern China as a typhoon after battering Taiwan.

Learn from listening

Click "play" to listen to Nepartak: Final update (Monday) and "Download" to keep this file for educational purpose.

Vocabulary:

agency (noun): a government department that provides a particular service - หน่วยงานราชการ

alert : a warning to people to be prepared to deal with something dangerous - การเตือนให้ระวัง

animation : a film or cartoon using a series of drawings that are shown quickly one after another so that they look as if they are moving (an animator is someone who creates animations) - ภาพเคลื่อนไหวได้, ภาพการ์ตูนที่เคลื่อนไหวได้

approach : to move closer to someone or something - เข้าใกล้

basin : a large area of land whose surface water all flows into a particular river or lake - ลุ่มน้ำ

batter : to hit something hard many times - ตีติดต่อกัน, โจมตีติดต่อกัน

brace for (verb): to get ready for something, usually something unpleasant or difficult to deal with - เตรียมรับมือ

brunt (noun): the main force of something unpleasant ส่วนหนักที่สุดที่ได้รับหรือกระทบ, ผลกระทบที่รุนแรง - ส่วนหนักที่สุดที่ได้รับหรือกระทบ, ผลกระทบที่รุนแรง

cargo : things that are being sent by ship, plane, train or truck - สินค้าที่บรรทุกและจัดส่งโดยเรือ เครื่องบินหรือรถไฟ

Category 4 (noun): (of a tropical hurricane or typhoon) having winds from 209km/h to 251km/h -

Category 5 (adj): of a severe storm with a maximum sustained wind speed greater than 110 knots (200 km/h, 130 mph) and gusts be above 150 knots (280 km/h, 175 mph) -

century : a period of one hundred years - ศตวรรษ

chaos : a situation in which everything is confused and in a mess - ความยุ่งเหยิง, ความสับสน

claim lives (verb): to kill people - ทำให้ตาย

closure (noun): the shutting down of a school, factory or other business or service - การปิด

collapse : to fall down suddenly - พังลงมา  ล้ม, พังครืน

concern : a worry - ความกังวล

conditions : the weather at a particular time - สภาพอากาศ

considerably : much; a lot - มากมาย

county (noun): the largest political division of a state or province in some countries, like an amphur in Thailand - เขตปกครอง

debris : broken pieces that are left when something large has been destroyed - เศษ ซากปรักหักพัง  ซากสิ่งของที่ถูกทำลาย

deluge (verb): to flood a place with water - ท่วม

deteriorate : to become worse - เลวร้ายลง

devastation : damage or destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people - การทำลายล้าง, การทำให้เสียหายอย่างรุนแรง

disaster : something very bad that happens and causes a lot of damage or kills a lot of people - ความหายนะ  ภัยพิบัติ

domestic : inside the country being talked about - ภายในประเทศ

downpour : a lot of rain in a short time - ฝนตกหนักมาก, พายุฝน

dramatic : exciting and impressive - ตื่นเต้นเร้าใจ

drown : to sink under water and die - จมน้ำ

due to : because of - เนื่องจาก

due to : scheduled to - มีกำหนด

dump (verb): to get rid of, to cause to fall (rain, snow, etc.) - ทิ้ง

effects (noun): changes that somebody/something causes in somebody/something else; a result - ผลกระทบ

emerged : appeared - ปรากฏออกมา

estimation (noun): an amount that you guess or calculate using the information available - ประมาณการ

evacuate : to cause to leave a place because it is not safe - เคลื่อนย้ายออกจาก

evacuation : moving people from a place of danger to a safer place - การอพยพ

experience (verb): to have something happen to you or to live through some event - ประสบ

fearsome : very frightening - น่ากลัว

ferocious : very strong; very aggressive or violent - รุนแรง

fierce : very strong - รุนแรง, ดุเดือด

financial markets : the markets where companies and government raise money with stocks, bonds and other "financial instruments" -

flash flood : a flood that happens suddenly without warning - น้ำที่เกิดท่วมในที่ต่ำโดยฉับพลันทันทีและไหลลดลงอย่างรวดเร็ว

flee : to leave a place or person quickly because you are afraid of possible danger - หนี อพยพ

footage : film or video of a particular subject or event - ฟิลม์หรือคลิปภาพยนตร์ หรือวิดีโอ

forecast (verb): to say what you think will happen in the future based on information that you have now - ทำนาย, ทาย, พยากรณ์

forecaster : someone whose job is to make a statement about what is likely to happen, especially relating to the weather - นักพยากรณ์(อากาศ)

gale : a very strong wind - ลมแรง

ground : to prevent an aircraft from taking off - ไม่อนุญาตให้เครื่องบินบินขึ้น

gust : a sudden strong increase in the amount and speed of wind that is blowing - ลมพัดแรงทันที

hail (noun): small balls of ice that fall like rain - ลูกเห็บ

historic : of historical importance - ที่สำคัญในประวัติศาสตร์

household : a group of people, often a family, who live together - ครัวเรือน

imagery (noun): pictures, photographs, etc - รูปภาพ

inflict : to cause something bad to happen to someone or something - ทำให้เสียหาย

inland : in a direction towards the middle of a country; away from the coast - ห่างจากชายฝั่ง, ซึ่งอยู่ภายในประเทศ

intense : very strong - แรง, เข้มข้น

intensify : to get stronger - เข้มข้นขึ้น

inundated : flooded - ถูกน้ำท่วม, จมลงใต้น้ำ

issue : to announce something officially - ออกประกาศ

landfall : the place where a storm coming from the sea first hits land - การเข้าหาแผ่นดิน

landslide : a mass of rock and earth moving suddenly and quickly down a steep slope - แผ่นดินถล่ม

lash : to hit with a lot of force - กระทบอย่างแรง

life-threatening (adj): serious enough to possibly cause death - เป็นอันตรายต่อชีวิต

littered : having much of something spread around a place - กระจุยกระจาย

mainland : a large mass of land that forms the main part of a country but does not include any islands belonging to the country - แผ่นดินใหญ่

massive : very large in size, amount or number - ใหญ่โต

meanwhile : at the same time - ในเวลาเดียวกัน

media : radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group - สื่อ

mere : not large or important - เพียงเท่านั้น

meteorologist : a scientist who studies the weather and makes predictions - นักอุตุนิยมวิทยา

mountainous : having a lot of mountains -

on standby : ready for use - เตรียมพร้อม, สำรอง

pack (verb): to have something (winds, a gun, etc.) -

partially : in part, but not completely - บางส่วน

particularly : especially, or more than usual - โดยเฉพาะ

pattern : a series of actions or events that together show how things normally happen or are done - แบบฉบับ, แบบแผน

popular (adj): a situation in which someone or something is liked by many people - เป็นที่นิยม, เป็นที่ชื่นชอบ

pose : cause something, especially a problem or difficulty - เป็นเหตุให้

potentially : possibly - เป็นไปได้

pound : to attack repeatedly - โจมตีต่อเนื่อง

precipitation (noun): rain, snow, etc. that falls; the amount of this that falls - ฝน หิมะหรือลูกเห็บที่ตกลงมา

preventive measure : an action which is intended to try to stop something that causes problems or difficulties from happening - มาตรการป้องกัน

prompting : causing - ก่อให้เกิด

prone (verb): to likely to experience a particular problem more often than is usual - ที่มีแนวโน้ม

provincial (adj): related to "provinces" , the different parts of a country - ประจำจังหวัด, ส่วนท้องถิ่น

radius : a particular distance in all directions from a central point - รัศมี

rafters (noun): sloping pieces of wood that support a roof - คานค้ำหลังคา, จันทัน

range : a line or group of mountains or hills - ทิวเขา, แนวเขา, เทือกเขา

ravaged : destroyed; damaged very badly - ถูกทำลาย, เสียหาย, ถูกล้างผลาญ

region : a large area of land or space, usually without exact limits or borders - ภูมิภาค, ขอบเขต, แถบ, บริเวณ

reinforce : to make stronger - เสริมให้แข็งแรงขึ้น

relief : help; assistance - การช่วยให้พ้นภัย

relocate : to move someone or something to another place - โยกย้ายประชาชนออกจากบริเวณ

rescue : to save a person or animal from a dangerous or unpleasant situation - ช่วยชีวิต

resident : a person who lives in a particular area - ผู้ที่อาศัยในท้องที่

residential area : a place where people live - เขตที่อยู่อาศัย

resources : things such as water, coal, trees and oil that exist in nature and can be used by people - ทรัพยากร

restore : to bring somebody/something back to a former condition, place or position - กลับคืน, กลับมารับตำแหน่ง

rumble : to make a long deep sound or series of sounds - ดังฟ้าร้อง, ส่งเสียงครางยาว

rural : connected with the countryside outside big towns and cities  - ในชนบท, บ้านนอก

satellite : an electronic device that is sent into space and moves around the earth or another planet. It is used for communicating by radio, television, etc. and for providing information - ดาวเทียม

scores : large numbers of - จำนวนมาก

scramble : to do something in a hurry - รีบเร่ง

severe : very serious and unpleasant - รุนแรง

shelter : a place where people are protected from danger or bad weather; a temporary place to stay - ที่หลบภัย  ที่พักชั่วคราว

shutters : wooden or metal covers that can be closed over the outside of a window to keep out light or protect the windows from damage - บานเกล็ดหน้าต่าง

significantly : in an important way - อย่างสำคัญ

situation : all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place - สถานการณ์

slightly : small in size or amount - เล็กน้อย

soak : to make someone/something very wet - เปียกโชก

spot : the particular place where someone or something is - ที่, สถานที่

spring : water that flows up from under the ground and forms a small stream or pool - น้ำพุใต้ดิน

state : government - รัฐบาล

status : position - สถานภาพ

storm surge : a sudden increase in the height of waves in the sea during a storm - น้ำทะเลหนุน

submerged : under water - จมน้ำ อยู่ใต้น้ำ

submerse (verb): to cause to be under water - ทำให้จมน้ำ ทำให้อยู่ใต้น้ำ

suffer : to experience something very unpleasant or painful - ประสบ

sustained : continuing at the same level - ต่อเนื่อง

tally : a record or count of a number of items - การบันทึกจำนวน

threat : a danger - อันตราย

thunderstorm : a storm with thunder and lightning and usually very heavy rain - พายุฝน,ฝนตกหนักที่มีพายุและฟ้าแลบ

thus far : up until this time - จนถึงทุกวันนี้

topography : the physical features of an area of land, especially the position of its rivers, mountains, etc; the study of these features - ภูมิประเทศ

topple : to cause to fall - คว่ำลงมา

tore (verb): past tense of "tear", ) to pull something so that it separates into pieces or gets a hole in it, or to become damaged in this way - ฉีก

torrential rain : extremely heavy rain - ฝนไหลเชี่ยว

trapped : to be in a dangerous or unpleasant situation from which it is difficult or impossible to escape - ถูกกับดัก

trigger : to cause - ก่อให้เกิด กระตุ้น

tropical storm (noun): the first level of dangerous storm: "A tropical storm is an organized system of strong thunderstorms with a defined surface circulation and maximum sustained winds between 34 knots (39 mph) and 64 knots (74 mph). (Source: Wikipedia) - พายุโซนร้อน, พายุดีเปรสชันที่มีกำลังแรงขึ้น เกิดขึ้นในเขตร้อน ความเร็วลมบริเวณใกล้ศูนย์กลางประมาณ 70-120 กิโลเมตรต่อชั่วโมง [พจนานุกรมศัพท์ สสวท.]

typhoon : a tropical storm with strong winds that move in circles - พายุไต้ฝุ่น

urgently : needing to be dealt with immediately - อย่างเร่งด่วน

waist : the middle part of the body that is narrower than the parts above and below   - เอว

weather bureau (Meteorological Department) : the government department in charge of determining what the weather will be in the future - กรมอุตุนิยมวิทยา

withstand : to be strong enough not to be hurt or damaged by extreme conditions, the use of force, etc. - ทนต่อ, ต้านทานต่อ

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