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Water hyacinths to be cleared from Chao Phraya (Updated)

An drone-taken image from today shows the huge job officials have ahead of them to clear more than 50,000 tons of water hyacinths from above the Chao Phraya dam in Chainat province. CHUDET SIHAWONG

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Officials have been told to clear water hyacinths clogging rivers and waterways from the central plains to Bangkok to improve flows and prevent floods.

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Afternoon update

Our reporters now say that 50,000 tons of water hyacinths have collected above the Chao Phyra dam in Chainat within the past two weeks.

Some of the backhoes at work above the dam. CHUDET SIHAWONG

Provincial governor Kanit Iamrahong reports they now have 11 backhoes to collect the plants, up from three the day before. Five are working on floating pontoons. The target to complete the job has been reduced from one month to three weeks.

PM orders clearing of water hyacinths

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Officials have been told to clear water hyacinths clogging rivers and waterways from the central plains to Bangkok to improve flows and prevent floods.

Government spokesman Sansern Kaewkamnerd said the number of water hyacinths clogging the Chao Phraya River and its branching waterways had sharply increased, especially in Suphan Buri and Ayutthaya upstream of Bangkok.

He said the density of the plants would impact draining, particularly after heavy rain. It also blocks water transportation and fishing by villagers.

"Past experiences have shown that water hyacinths and garbage were the major obstacles to draining and caused floods in the central region and Bangkok," said Maj Gen Sansern.

Bangkok governor Sukhumbhand Paribatra inspects a cleanup in Chatuchak District in June of this year. TAWATCHAI KEMGUMNERD

He said the Marine Department had coordinated with the Interior Ministry to deploy officials to clear the plants. It also outlined an action plan to send boats and officials from the department into the Chao Phraya River and branching rivers such as Noi River, Bang Ban and Bang Phra Kru canals in Ayutthaya and the Tha Chin River in Suphan Buri from now to Sept 28.

The premier also instructed related government agencies such as ministries of science and technology, interior and natural resources and environment to find sustainable solutions by applying technologies and innovation to eradicate the plants or to make more products such as animal feed.

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Vocabulary:

apply to (verb): to use something or make something work in a particular situation - นำไปใช้กับ, ทำให้เกี่ยวข้องกับ, ทำให้มีผลต่อ

backhoe : a large vehicle with machinery for digging, used in building roads, etc. - รถขุดหรือรถเจาะ

block : to stop someone/ something from moving through or along something else - ปิดกั้น, กีดขวาง

branch : a smaller or less important part of a river, road, railway/railroad, etc. that leads away from the main part - ส่วนย่อย, กิ่งก้านสาขา

clogging (verb): blocking, so that nothing can get through - ตัน

coordinate : to organise the different parts of a job or plan so that the people involved work together effectively - ประสานงานกัน

density : the amount of something in a place - ความหนาแน่น

deploy : (of police, soldiers, government officials or equipment) to put in place ready for action - ส่ง ประจำการ.

draining : the process of taking away of water or other liquids from an area - การระบายน้ำ

environment : a place, including all the physical conditions that affect it - สภาพแวดล้อม, สิ่งแวดล้อม

eradicate : to get rid of completely or destroy something bad - กำจัดจนหมดสิ้น

experience : the knowledge and skill that you have gained through doing something for a period of time - ประสบการณ์

feed (noun): animal feed; animal food -

flood (noun): a large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry - น้ำท่วม

flow : the continuous movement of a liquid in one direction - การไหล

garbage : waste food, paper, etc. that you throw away - ขยะ

government agency : a government department that provides a particular service - หน่วยงานรัฐ

impact (verb): to have an effect or influence on someone/something - มีผลกระทบ

improve : to make better - ทำให้ดีขึ้น

innovation : the introduction of new things, ideas or ways of doing something; a new idea, way of doing something, etc. that has been introduced or discovered - นวัตกรรม, การคิดขึ้นใหม่, สิ่งที่นำเข้ามาใหม่

inspect : to look at something carefully - ตรวจสอบ, ตรวจสอบอย่างละเอียด

instruct (verb): to tell somebody to do something, especially in a formal or official way - สั่ง

Interior Ministry : the Thai ministry with responsibility over the Royal Thai Police, local administrations, internal security, citizenship, disaster management, land management, issuing national identity cards and public works - กระทรวงมหาดไทย

major : very large or important - สำคัญมาก

Marine Department : the government department in charge of waterways, harbours and sea trade - กรมเจ้าท่า

natural resources (noun): things such as water, coal, trees, wildlife and oil that exist in nature and can be used by people - ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ

obstacles (noun): difficulties or problems that prevent you from achieving something - อุปสรรค ขวากหนาม

officials : people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ

order (verb): to use your position of authority to tell somebody to do something or say that something must happen - สั่ง

outline (verb): to give the main ideas of a plan or a piece of writing without giving all the details - สรุปส่วนสำคัญ

particularly : especially, or more than usual - โดยเฉพาะ

plains : a large area of flat land - ที่ราบ

pontoon : a boat or hollow structure that is one of several used to support a floating platform or bridge; a temporary floating platform built across several boats or hollow structures, especially one used for tying boats to - เรือท้องแบน, ทุ่นลอย,ทุ่นท่าเรือ

premier (noun): prime minister - นายกรัฐมนตรี

prevent (verb): to stop somebody from doing something; to stop something from happening - ขัดขวาง, ป้องกัน, กัน, กีดขวาง

reduce : to make something smaller or less in amount, size, importance etc - ลดลง

reporters (noun): people whose job is to write articles or make broadcasts about events in the news - ผู้สื่อข่าว, นักข่าว

sharply : quickly and by a large amount - สูงขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็ว

solution (noun): one way to solve a problem - วิธีแก้ปัญหา

spokesman : a person who speaks on behalf of a group or an organization - โฆษก

sustainable : able to be successfully continued for a long time - ยั่งยืน, ถาวร

target : a particular number or amount that you want to achieve - เป้าหมาย

transportation : the process of moving people or things from one place to another - การขนส่ง

upstream : along a river, in the opposite direction to which the river is flowing - ต้นน้ำ

water hyacinth : a plant that grows in water, often found in Thailand’s waterways - ผักตบชวา

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