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More rains for NE, North but PM says no floods for Central Plains (Updated)

Nan residents paddle across a flooded local river after heavy rains hit the area recently. More rain could arrive within two days. RARINTHORN PETCHAROEN

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The Yom river will peak in Sukhothai tomorrow, a good test of the city's flood defences. More rain is expected for the upper Northeast and North, but Prime Ministry Prayut Chan-o-cha says that flood water will not overflow downstream provinces in the Central Plains.

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Evening update

Sukhothai braces for northern runoff

The Yom river, swollen from heavy rainfall earlier in the week, will peak in Sukhothai tomorrow. It should be a good test of the city's new flood defences which are not yet completely finished. City and provincial officials say they have the situation under control but not some residents are preparing their belongings for a quick evacuation if needed.

Morning story

First, some updates: Meteorologists are closely watching a very slow-moving weather system now in Gulf of Tonkin and approaching Vietnam. Starting tomorrow, it is likely to bring substantial rain, first to the upper Northeast and then to the upper North, including Nan and Phayao which are just recovering from severe floods.

The rains in the area of the Nan and Yom rivers have resulted in a significant increase in the water level in the Sirikit Dam which is now at 29 percent of useable capacity, up ten percent from only a week ago. Thailand's largest dam, however, the Bhumibol Dam, is still only at seven percent useable capacity.

PM says floods will not hit Central Plains

Post reporters

Prime Ministry Prayut Chan-o-cha has reaffirmed that flood water flowing from the North will not overflow downstream provinces in the Central Plains.

Gen Prayut told the media yesterday after the weekly cabinet meeting that the flooding in the North was manageable, according to a Royal Irrigation Department report about the situation.

Authorities are still able to control water management systems, he said, adding they have kept water discharges and drainage systems in the main rivers under control.

But he admitted local residents living near the Nan and Yom rivers would be affected by flooding and overflowing.

Heavy rain has led to floods in Nan and Phayao provinces, claiming at least one life, sweeping away farm animals and submerging schools and homes.

Gen Prayut has affirmed flood water in the northern parts will not overflow downstream provinces in the Central Plains, saying the water situation in the Central Plains was not worrying.

He said he had ordered a water management committee to set up a fully integrated water management system to help ease flooding, adding the flooding was due to poor water management.

Adding flood gates would help alleviate the flooding, he added.

Gen Prayut noted state authorities are speeding up water storage but the amount of water flowing through to the Bhumibol dam in Tak was still too little.

He directed authorities to take a more active approach to addressing water problems and told them to come up with measures to store as much water as is needed for the next drought season of the country.

Gen Prayut has called on locals whose land sits in areas ideal for developing into kaem ling or "monkey cheek" water retention areas to sacrifice their land for the government project, saying they will help store water during the rainy season to be used in the summer.

The government will compensate locals affected by the project, he added.

Gen Prayut admitted that dredging canals would not be the answer to flooding, saying the activity would affect ecosystems.

Meanwhile, Patarut Dardarananda, deputy city clerk, said the cabinet had approved a budget of more than 2.2 billion baht for 11 water management projects aimed at improving the water drainage system in Bangkok.

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Vocabulary:

address : to try to deal with a problem or question - จัดการกับปัญหา

admitted (verb): agreed that something is true, especially when you are unhappy, sorry or surprised about it - ยอมรับ

affect : to produce a change in somebody/something - กระทบ, ส่งผล, มีผลต่อ

affirm : to say or show that something is true - ยืนยัน, รับรอง

aim : to have as your purpose or goal - มีเป้าหมาย มีจุดมุ่งหมาย

alleviate : to make something less painful, severe, or serious - ทำให้บรรเทา ทำให้น้อยลง

approach : a way of doing or dealing with something; a particular way of doing something or thinking about something - การจัดการกับปัญหา วิธีการทำให้ถึงจุดหมาย

approach : to move closer to someone or something - เข้าใกล้

approve : to give official permission - อนุมัต

authorities : people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ

belongings : the things you own - ข้าวของเครื่องใช้

brace for (verb): to get ready for something, usually something unpleasant or difficult to deal with - เตรียมรับมือ

budget : an amount of money able to be spent on something - งบประมาณ

cabinet : the group of government ministers who make and approve government policy - คณะรัฐมนตรี

capacity : the total amount or number that can be contained - ปริมาณสูงสุดที่จะรับได้

city clerk : a city official who keeps local records and gives out licences - ปลัดเทศบาล

claim lives (verb): to kill people - ทำให้ตาย

compensate : to pay money to someone because something bad has happened to them - ชดเชย

defence : protecting somebody/something from damage, attack, etc. - การป้องกัน, การต้าน, การพิทักษ์

deputy : a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation - รอง

direct : to control or organize how a person or group of people does something - ควบคุม, สั่งการ, กำกับ

discharge (noun): letting a liquid flow out - การปล่อยออก, การขับออก

downstream : in the direction that a river or stream is flowing - ตามกระแสน้ำ

drainage : the process of taking away of water or other liquids from an area - การระบายน้ำ

dredging (noun): removing unwanted things from the bottom of a river, canal, lake, etc. using a sucking or other device - การขุดลอก

drought (noun): a long period of time when there is little or no rain - ฝนแล้ง, ภัยแล้ง, ความแห้งแล้ง)

due to : because of - เนื่องจาก

ease : to make a problem, situation or pain less severe or serious - บรรเทา

ecosystem : all the plants and animals in a particular area, considered as a system with parts that depend on one another - ระบบที่เกิดจากความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างสิ่งมีชีวิตและสิ่งแวดล้อม

evacuation : moving people from a place of danger to a safer place - การอพยพ

flow (verb): to move continuously in one direction - ไหล

ideal : the best possible - ดีที่สุด

improve : to make better - ทำให้ดีขึ้น

integrated : combining things of different types in one effective system - ที่รวมเข้าด้วยกัน

level : the amount of liquid that there is in a container, river, dam, etc., which can be seen by how high the liquid is - ระดับ

local : in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น

locals : people who live in a particular place - ชาวบ้าน

manageable : possible to deal with or control - จัดการได้,ควบคุมได้

meanwhile : at the same time - ในเวลาเดียวกัน

measure : a firm action taken to solve a problem or stop a dangerous unpleasant situation - มาตราการ

media : radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group - สื่อ

meteorologist : a scientist who studies the weather and makes predictions - นักอุตุนิยมวิทยา

note (verb): to mention something because it is important or interesting -

overflow : (of a river or body of water) to flood the land next to it - เอ่อล้น, ไหลล้น

peak (adj): to reach the highest amount or level, before becoming lower - ขึ้นจนถึงจุดสุดยอด, ช่วงเวลาที่หนาแน่นที่สุด

plains : a large area of flat land - ที่ราบ

project : a planned piece of work that is designed to find information about something, to produce something new, or to improve something - โครงการ

reaffirm : to give your support to a person, plan, idea, etc. for a second time; to strengthen - ยืนยันใหม่

recover (verb): to become normal and healthy again - ฟื้นฟูสภาพ, ฟื้นฟูร่างกาย

residents : people who live in a particular area - ประชาชนที่อาศัยในท้องที่

retention : the act of keeping or storing something - การเก็บ, การเก็บรักษา

Royal Irrigation Department : The Thai government department in charge of the country's irrigation system - กรมชลประทาน

runoff : rainfall that cannot be taken in by the soil and which flows into rivers, lakes or the sea - น้ำหลาก, ปริมาณของเหลวที่ไหลออก

sacrifice : to give up important or valuable things, so that you or other people can have or do something else - เสียสละเพื่อส่วนรวม

severe : very serious and worrying - ที่รุนแรง ที่น่าเป็นห่วง

significant : important - สำคัญ

situation : all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place - สถานการณ์

state : government - รัฐบาล

storage : the putting and keeping of things in a special place for use in the future - การเก็บ

store : to put and keep things in a special place for use in the future - เก็บ

submerge : to cause to be under water - ทำให้จมน้ำ ทำให้อยู่ใต้น้ำ

substantial : large in size, value or importance - มากมาย, ยิ่งใหญ่, สำคัญ

sweep away : to destroy or to completely remove something - พัดพาไป (ตามลมหรือน้ำ)

swollen : larger or fuller than normal - ขยายใหญ่,พองตัว,บวม

system (noun): a particular way of doing something; an organised set of ideas or theories - ระบบ, หลักการ

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