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Suicide bigger killer than murder in Thailand

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Depression second most common cause of death in Thailand after cardiovascular disease, with 5,000 suicides a year vs. 3,400 murders, approximately.


Suicide bigger killer than murder in Thailand

Penchan Charoensuthipan

Suicidal depression has killed more people than murder in Thailand and many people who took their own lives tend to take their family members with them, according to a psychiatrist.

About 5,000 people committed suicide in the country annually and 90% of them resulted from depression while murderers took 3,000-3,800 lives yearly.

These observations were made by Dr. Somrak Chuwanichwong, president of the Thai Familylink Association and psychiatrist at Srithanya mental hospital, on Wednesday.


Depressed people see suicide as a "way out" or escape from problems in life, in addition to alcohol and drug abuse, she said.

Suicide is happening to young people and the methods have changed from hanging and poisoning to jumping from tall buildings because of the changed urban environment, Dr Somrak said.


Suicidal people usually turn violent when they lose their temper and might assault or kill others before taking their own lives, she said.

Some victims decided to kill their family members first because they cared for them, she said.


The psychiatrist advised family members to persuade depressed people to love themselves and be more aware of their self-worth (self-esteem), and to bring them for mental health treatment.

"However, Thai people lack knowledge and understanding and are reluctant to see psychiatrists."

"So, the suicidal tendency rate has risen to six per 100,000 people. In some years the rate reached 7-9, which is high," Dr Somrak said.

The most vulnerable age groups are 25-49 years old for men and 30-59 for women.

More women attempted suicide than men but the latter had a higher success rate.


Depression is the second most common cause of death in Thailand after cardiovascular disease, Dr Somrak said.


The prevalence of suicide varies by region in Thailand and over time, has increased during crises that the country faces. 

Suicide is most prevalent in northern Thailand and least prevalent in Southern Thailand.

Suicide has historically increased during periods of crisis such as the 2007 Asian Economic Crisis and during the years when the AIDS epidemic was cutting short many young lives in Thailand.

Thailand also lacks enough mental health professionals such as psychiatrists to adequately treat mental health conditions that can lead to suicide, such as depression

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abuse : the use of something in a bad, dishonest, or harmful way - การใช้ในทางที่ผิด

according to (prep): as stated or reported by somebody/something - ตามคำบอกเล่า, ตามรายงาน

adequately : good enough or large enough for a particular purpose - อย่างพอเพียง, พอประมาณ

advise : to tell somebody what you think they should do in a particular situation - แนะนำ, แจ้ง

alcohol : drinks such as whiskey, beer, wine, etc that make people feel good and become drunk - เหล้า, สุรา

annually : happening every year - ทุกๆปีด

assault : attacking someone violently - การทำร้ายร่างกาย

association : an official group of people who have joined together for a particular purpose - สมาคม

attempt (noun): when a person tries to do something or achieve some goal, makes an effort to do it - ความพยายาม

aware (adj): knowing that something exists, or to have knowledge or experience of a particular thing - ทราบ, รับรู้

cared for : to look after somebody who is sick, very old, very young, etc. - ดูแล

committed suicide : killed yourself - ฆ่าตัวตาย

condition : the physical state of a person, animal, thing or place - สภาพ

crises (noun): urgent, difficult or dangerous situations - วิกฤตการณ์

crisis : an urgent, difficult or dangerous situation - วิกฤตการณ์

depressed : very sad and often without hope - เศร้าซึม

depression : a medical condition in which a person is so unhappy that they cannot live a normal life - ความสะเทือนใจ, ความเศร้าสลด, ความหดหู่

environment : a place, including all the physical conditions that affect it - สภาพแวดล้อม, สิ่งแวดล้อม

epidemic : a large number of cases of a particular disease happening at the same time in a particular community - โรคระบาด

escape (verb): to get away from a place; to leave a place where you are in danger - หนี

family member (noun): a person who is part of a family -

hanging : when someone dies by tying a rope around their neck strangling them - ฆ่าด้วยการแขวนคอ

happen (verb): to do or be something by chance, i.e., not by planning ahead - เกิดขึ้นโดยบังเอิญ, บังเอิญเกิดขึ้น

historically : in the past -

knowledge (noun): all the facts that people know about a subject (example: medical knowledge) - ความรู้

lack (verb): to not have something - ขาด

lose temper : to become angry -

mental health : the state of health of the mind - สุขภาพจิต

mental hospital : a special hospital for treating people with mental health problems -

method : a particular way of doing something - วิธีการ,วิธีดำเนินการ

murder (noun): the crime of intentionally killing a person - ฆาตกรรม

murderer : a person who commits the crime of intentionally killing a person - ฆาตกร

observation (noun): a comment, especially based on something you have seen, heard or read - การสังเกต,

period : a particular length of time - ระยะเวลา

persuade : to make someone agree to do something by giving them reasons why they should - โน้มน้าวใจ เกลี้ยกล่อม

poison (verb): to put poison in or on something - วางยาพิษ

prevalence : how often something happens or how common it is; predominance, pervasiveness - ความแพร่หลาย, ความดื่นดาษ, prevalence of disease ความชุกของโรค

prevalent : that exists or is very common at a particular time or in a particular place - ที่พบได้บ่อยๆ, แพร่หลาย

psychiatrist : a doctor who treats people with mental illnesses - จิตแพทย์

rate : the level or speed at which something happens or changes, or the amount or number of times it happens or changes in a particular period - อัตรา

reluctant : not willing to do something - อย่างไม่เต็มใจ อย่างลังเลใจ

resulted from : caused by -

self-esteem : belief and confidence in your own ability and value - การเคารพตนเอง, การเคารพในตัวเอง, ความเชื่อมั่นในตัวเอง

success (noun): achieving the goals you wanted to achieve or made a lot of money - มีผลสำเร็จ, ประสบผลสำเร็จ, ประสบชัยชนะ

suicidal (adj): very dangerous and likely to lead to death; likely to cause very serious problems or disaster - เป็นการฆ่าตัวตาย,เป็นอันตรายต่อชีวิต

suicide : the action of deliberately killing yourself - การฆ่าตัวตาย

temper : a tendency to get angry very quickly - อารมณ์โกรธ, ความโกรธ

tend to : to be likely to behave in a particular way or have a particular characteristic - มักจะ

tendency : likely to behave or act in a particular way - นิสัย, ท่าทาง

treat : to provide medical care - รักษา

treatment : the process of providing medical care - การรักษา

trend : a gradual change or development that produces a particular result   - ทิศทาง แนวโน้ม

understanding (noun): sympathy; understand someone's difficult situation; when you see and understand the problem that a person i experiencing so you don't complain or help them; compassion, pity - ] ความเห็นใจ, ความสงสาร

urban : of or in a city or town - ในเมือง

victim : someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as a disaster, illness or an accident - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย

violent (adj): involving the use of physical force, with the intention of causing damage to property or injury or death to people - รุนแรง

vulnerable : easily damaged or harmed - ซึ่งถูกทำลายได้ง่าย


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