Zika virus hits Bangkok

Zika virus hits Bangkok

Bangkok's Sathon and adjacent districts are under close watch for possible Zika virus transmission after 21 people were diagnosed with the disease in Sathon. (Photo by Pattanapong Hirunard)
Bangkok's Sathon and adjacent districts are under close watch for possible Zika virus transmission after 21 people were diagnosed with the disease in Sathon. (Photo by Pattanapong Hirunard)

Twenty-one cases of the Zika virus have been reported in Bangkok's Sathon central business district, and officials are now watching for more possible infections in several adjacent districts.

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Note: According to the World Health Organization, for most Zika victims, the symptoms are mild and require no special treatment. The symptoms include mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days.

The big danger, of course, is for pregnant women, because the virus can cause birth defects in their offspring, particularly microcephaly, a where a baby is born with a small head or the head stops growing after birth

Zika arrives in Bangkok's central business district

Online reporters

Twenty-one cases of the Zika virus have been reported in Bangkok's Sathon central business district, and officials are now watching for more possible infections in several adjacent districts.

Dr Wantanee Wattana, deputy permanent secretary for the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), said those infected included a formerly pregnant woman whose husband had just returned from Singapore, local media reported on Saturday.

The woman had a high temperature, rashes, joint pain and red eyes. She contracted the virus in the 37th week of her pregnancy but has since given birth and both the mother and her newborn are safe.

A survey found many mosquito-breeding areas within a 100-metre radius of the family's residence. Health surveillance of infected people will remain active in the area for the next 30 days and in districts adjacent to Sathon.

Lab equipment has been developed for fast and accurate detection of Zika — a mosquito-borne virus suspected of causing birth defects — at the Bamrasnaradura Infectious Diseases Institute. (Post File Photo)

Sathon borders Bang Kholaem, Bang Rak, Khlong Toei, Pathumwan and Yannawa districts. Infected people are being advised to stay home for 30 days.

The Public Health Ministry reported earlier that there had been five Zika patients a year on average in the country from 2012 to 2015. Zika is of particular concern because it has been linked to birth defects, with cases of microcephaly widespread in Central and South America.

About 20 other cases of the mosquito-borne virus have been reported recently in Bung Kan, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai and Phetchabun provinces but control operations have proved effective, authorities said.

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Vocabulary

  • accurate: correct, exact and without any mistakes - ถูกต้อง, แม่นยำ
  • adjacent: very near, next to, or touching - ติดกัน
  • advise: to tell somebody what you think they should do in a particular situation - แนะนำ, แจ้ง
  • authorities (noun): people or government agencies who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
  • Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA): the local government of Bangkok - กรุงเทพมหานคร
  • birth defect (noun): when a baby is born with some body part that is not normal (a defect) - ความพิการของทารกแรกเกิด
  • border: to form a line along the edge of something - มีเขตแดนติดต่อกับ, สร้างขอบเขต
  • breeding: the producing of young animals, plants, etc - การผสมพันธุ์สัตว์เพื่อขยายพันธุ์
  • concern: a worry - ความกังวล
  • condition: the physical state of a person or animal, especially how healthy they are - อาการ, สุขภาพ
  • conjunctivitis: an illness in which your eyelid becomes red and swollen - เยื่อตาอักเสบ
  • contract : to become infected with a disease - ติดเชื้อ
  • deputy: a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation - รอง
  • detection: the process of proving that something is present using scientific methods - การพบ,การสืบหา,การตรวจพบ
  • effective: producing the result that was intended - ได้ผลดี
  • fever: an abnormally high body temperature - ไข้
  • give birth (verb): to produce a baby or young animal - คลอดลูก
  • infected: having a disease transmitted from someone else - ซึ่งติดเชื้อ
  • infection: a disease or medical condition that is caused by a bacteria or by a virus or a parasite - การติดเชื้อ
  • infectious: able to cause an infection - ติดต่อกันได้
  • institute (noun): an organization that has a particular purpose, especially one that is connected with education or a particular profession; the building used by this organisation - สถาบัน,องค์การ,วิทยาลัย,สถาบันหนึ่งของมหาวิทยาลัย
  • joint: a place where two bones are joined together in the body in a way that enables them to bend and move - ข้อต่อ (กระดูก)
  • linked: connected - เชื่อมต่อ เชื่อมโยง
  • local: in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น
  • malaise (noun): a general feeling of being ill/sick, unhappy or not satisfied, without signs of any particular problem - ความรู้สึกไม่สบาย, ความละเหี่ย
  • media: radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group - สื่อ
  • mild: not strong - เบา, ไม่หนัก, ไม่รุนแรง
  • mosquito (noun): a small flying insect that bites the skin of people and animals in order to feed on their blood - ยุง
  • mosquito-borne (adj): carried by mosquitoes, referring especially to disease-causing viruses -
  • muscle (noun): a piece of body tissue that you contract and relax in order to move a particular part of the body; the tissue that forms the muscles of the body - กล้ามเนื้อ
  • newborn: recently born - แรกเกิด
  • officials: people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
  • offspring: the baby or babies of an animal; someone’s child or children - ลูกสัตว์,ทายาท,บุตร,ผู้สืบเชื้อสาย, ลูกสัตว์
  • on average: calculated by adding several amounts together, finding a total, and dividing the total by the number of amounts - โดยเฉลี่ย
  • operations: the activity or work done in an area of business or industry - ปฎิบัติการ
  • patients (noun): people who are receiving medical treatment - คนป่วย, คนไข้
  • permanent secretary: a government official, not a political appointee, in charge of a ministry - ปลัดกระทรวง
  • pregnancy: the state of being pregnant, having a baby developing inside - การตั้งท้อง
  • pregnant: having a baby developing inside the body - ท้อง ตั้งครรภ์
  • prove (verb): to show to be - ปรากฏ, แสดง
  • Public Health Ministry (noun): the ministry that oversees and carries out the government national health policy - กระทรวงสาธารณสุข
  • radius: a particular distance in all directions from a central point - รัศมี
  • rash: an area of red spots that appear on your skin when you are ill or have a bad reaction to something that you have eaten or touched - ผื่นคัน
  • residence: a place where someone lives - ที่พำนัก ที่อาศัย
  • surveillance: the process of carefully watching a person or place - การเฝ้าตรวจตราอย่างเข้มงวด
  • survey: the act of asking for and recording information - การสำรวจ, การหาข้อมูล
  • suspect: to believe that something is true, especially something bad - สงสัย, เป็นที่สงสัยว่า
  • symptoms (noun): signs that someone has an illness - อาการ
  • temperature: a measurement of how hot or how cold a place or object is - อุณหภูมิ
  • treatment: the process of providing medical care - การรักษา
  • victims : people who are killed injured or harmed in some way from an accident, natural disaster, crime, etc. - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย
  • virus (noun): a living thing, too small to be seen without a microscope, that causes infectious disease in people, animals and plants - เชื้อไวรัส
  • widespread: happening or existing in many places, or affecting many people - อย่างแพร่หลาย
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