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Clinton and Trump debate – and trade insults too

Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton during their first debate. AFP Photos

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While Hillary Clinton sought to present her opponent as unfit for the office of president, Donald Trump portrayed her as lacking the stamina and temperament to be commander-in-chief.

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Clinton, Trump: gladiator contest of modern times

Hempstead, United States, Sept 27, 2016, AFP – Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump strode out cloaked in icy politeness. Yet within minutes their debate degenerated into bickering, insults and diatribes – a gladiatorial contest of modern times.

It was a 90-minute battle of endurance between two of the most famous people in America: Clinton, cool, calm and collected, almost serene as she smiled through the insults – and landed jabs of her own – while Trump gripped his podium, insisting he alone had the temperament to be commander-in-chief.

Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton and Republican nominee Donald Trump shake hands following the first presidential debate moderated by NBC host Lester Holt(bottom L) at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York on September 26, 2016. / AFP PHOTO / Paul J. Richards

The Democrat Clinton projected steady experience. She proved her worth as the mistress of policy minutiae, pitching herself as the voice of reason, the former secretary of state who understands the world.

Trump the Republican played the populist bruiser, wielding the cutting insult and pitching to frustrated voters in the swing-state rust-belt, such as Ohio and Pennsylvania, fed up with politicians and wanting change.

Both elicited laughter and cheers: Clinton for lofty comebacks. Trump for his quick digs but also for his outlandish claims.

Yet if they were evenly matched at first, Trump appeared to get more irritated and riled, at one point rolling his eyes, trashing her stamina and emitting an frustrated "ugh."

Clinton sought to present her opponent as unfit for office, a man who insulted Muslims and promised disastrous economic policies.

Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump (2L) looks on with wife, Melania Trump (2R) daughter, Ivanka Trump (R) and son, Donald Trump, Jr. (L) after the Presidential Debate. Drew Angerer/Getty Images/AFP

Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton talks with supporters with husband and former U.S. President Bill Clinton and daughter, Chelsea Clinton after the Presidential Debate Spencer Platt/Getty Images/AFP


"I think my strongest asset, maybe by far, is my temperament," said Trump to laughter.

"Woah. OK," she said to more laughs.

"She doesn't have the stamina," blasted Trump as Clinton leaned nonchalantly on her podium.

"Well as soon as he travels to 112 countries and negotiates a peace deal... or even spends 11 hours testifying in front of a Congressional committee he can talk to me about stamina," she responded to cheers.

And it ended with a question over whether each would accept the outcome of the election. "If she wins, I will absolutely support her," said Trump – the final words of the debate.

Learn from listening

Click "play" to listen to Clinton and Trump debate – and trade insults too and "Download" to keep this file for educational purpose.

Vocabulary:

absolutely (adv): completely - โดยสิ้นเชิง, อย่างแน่นอน, อย่างแท้จริง

asset : a thing of value - สิ่งที่มีคุณค่า

bickering : arguing about things, especially things which are not very important - การทะเลาะวิวาท

bruiser (noun): a large strong aggressive man - ชายร่างใหญ่แข็งแรง

calm (adj.): peaceful and quiet; without anxiety - สงบ

claim (noun): saying that something is true although it has not been proved and other people may not believe it - ข้ออ้าง ข้อกล่าวหา

cloak : to cover or hide something - ปกคลุม,ปิดบัง

collected (adj): very calm and in control of yourself - ซึ่งคุมสติได้

comeback (noun): something said in reply to a criticism, esp. something clever -

commander-in-chief : someone in charge of the whole of the armed forces of a country - ผู้บัญชาการทหารสูงสุด

deal (noun): a formal agreement, especially in business or politics - ข้อตกลง, การตกลงซื้อขาย, การซื้อขาย

debate : a discussion in which people or groups state different opinions about a subject - การอภิปราย, การโต้วาที, การถกเถียง

degenerate (verb): to become worse, lower in quality or weaker - เสื่อมโทรม, ทำให้แย่ลง

diatribe (noun): a long and angry speech or piece of writing attacking and criticizing somebody/something - คำพูดที่โจมตีคนหรือสิ่งใดสิ่งหนึ่ง, คำวิพากษ์วิจารณ์

dig : a remark that is intended to annoy or upset somebody - คำพูดที่ตั้งใจจะรบกวน

disastrous : extremely bad or unsuccessful - ซึ่งทำให้เกิด (ภัยพิบัติ, ความหายนะ, ความโชคร้าย)

economic (adj): connected with the trade, industry and development of wealth of a country, an area or a society - เกี่ยวกับเศรษฐกิจ, ในทางเศรษฐศาสตร์

elicit : to get information or a reaction from somebody, often with difficulty - นำออกมา เอาออกมา

emit : to send something out into the air - ปล่อยออกมา, แพร่กระจาย

endurance : the ability to continue doing something physically difficult or continue dealing with an unpleasant situation for a long time - ความอดกลั้น, ความอดทน

evenly : equally - อย่างเท่ากัน

experience : the knowledge and skill that you have gained through doing something for a period of time - ประสบการณ์

famous : very well known - มีชื่อเสียง

fed up with : annoyed or bored with something that you feel you have accepted for too long - เบื่อ, ผิดหวัง โดยเฉพาะกับสิ่งที่เจอมานาน

frustrated : feeling annoyed and impatient because you are prevented from achieving something - ผิดหวัง,ท้อแท้ใจมาก, หงุดหงิดใจ

gladiator : (in ancient Rome) a man trained to fight other men or animals in order to entertain the public - นักต่อสู้กับคนหรือสัตว์ในสมัยโรมัน

grip : to hold something tightly - เกาะ, ยึด, จับ

host : a person who introduces guests and performers, especially on television or radio - พิธีกร, ผู้จัดรายการ

insult (noun): a remark or an action that is said or done in order to offend or upset somebody - การดูถูก, การประชดประชัน, การสบประมาท, การเย้ยหยัน

irritated : annoyed - รำคาญ, หงุดหงิด

jab (noun): a critical comment about someone - การแหย่, การติเตียน

lean : to stand or be set at an angle - เอียง, เอน

lofty : very high; based on high standards - สูงส่ง

minutiae (noun): very small details - รายละเอียดเล็ก ๆ น้อย ๆ

mistress (noun): a woman who is in a position of authority or control, or who is highly skilled in something - ผู้หญิงผู้ชำนาญด้านใดด้านหนึ่ง,

moderate (verb): to be in charge of a discussion or debate and make sure it is fair - เป็นพิธีกร,เป็นประธานการดำเนินงาน

negotiate : to try to reach an agreement by discussing something in a formal way - เจรจาต่อรอง

nominee (noun): someone who has been formally proposed for a job, task, award, etc. - ผู้ได้รับการเสนอชื่อเข้าชิงตำแหน่ง, ผู้ได้รับเสนอชื่อเข้ารับเลือกตั้ง

nonchalantly : without being serious or caring very much -

office (noun): a position in a large and powerful organization, especially a government - ตำแหน่ง, ,ภาระหน้าที่

opponent : a person or team being competed against in a sports event - คู่ต่อสู้

outcome : a result - ผล

outlandish : strange or extremely unusual - พิกล,ประหลาด

pitch : to try to persuade someone to do something by telling them how good and important it is - กล่อม

podium : a small raised area where someone stands to give a speech, conduct an orchestra, give out awards, etc. - แท่น, พลับพลา

policy (noun): a set of plans or action agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group - นโยบาย

populist : related to the type of politics that claims to represent the opinions and wishes of ordinary people or to support programmes that will benefit the ordinary people - ประชานิยม

present (verb): to show - แสดง

project (verb): to present somebody/something/yourself to other people in a particular way, especially one that gives a good impression -

prove : to use facts, evidence, etc. to show that something is true - พิสูจน์

reason (noun): the process of thinking about things in a logical way; opinions and ideas that are based on logical thinking - เหตุผล, การใช้เหตุผล, การอ้างเหตุผล

riled : made angry - ทำให้ขุ่นเคือง

rust-belt (noun): a section of the eastern United States that has lost many factories and manufacturing jobs as the world economy has changed -

Secretary of State (noun): (in the US) the head of the government department that deals with foreign affairs - รัฐมนตรีต่างประเทศของสหรัฐอเมริกา

serene : calm, peaceful - สงบนิ่ง

sought (past tense of seek) : tried to get/do something; asked for something - พยายามได้, พยายามได้มา

stamina : the physical or mental strength that enables you to do something difficult for long periods of time - ความทรหด,ความแข็งแรง,ความแข็งแกร่ง

steady : firmly fixed, supported or balanced; not shaking or likely to fall down - มั่นคง

stride (verb): to walk with long steps in a particular direction - เดินก้าวยาวๆ

swing-state (adj): (in US politics) of a state that might vote for one party or another during an election, i.e., it is too close to predict -

temperament : the part of your character that affects your moods and the way you behave - อารมณ์,นิสัย,ภาวะจิตใจ

testify : to make a statement about something that you saw, know, or experienced, usually in a court of law or an official investigation - ให้การเป็นพยาน

trash (verb): to criticise other people, especially unfairly or cruelly - วิจารณ์(ในทางลบ), ประณาม

unfit : not suitable or healthy - ซึ่งไม่เหมาะสม

wield : to hold a weapon or tool and be able to use it - ติดอาวุธ

woah (exp): stop; slow down (an expression often used with horses) -

worth (noun): useful, important or good enough to be a suitable reward for the time spent or the effort made - คุ้มค่า, คุ้มค่ากับความพยายาม

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