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US Elections in English: Trump wins!

Republican president-elect Donald Trump acknowledges the crowd along with his son Barron Trump and his wife Melania Trump during his election night event at the New York Hilton Midtown in the early morning hours of November 9, 2016 in New York City. Donald Trump defeated Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton to become the 45th president of the United States. Chip Somodevilla/AFP

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Donald Trump has stunned America and the world, becoming the 45th president of the United States and proving the experts, the polls and even his own party leaders wrong.

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I'll be updating this much of the day, at least until the winner is known. You can see yesterday's introductory lesson on the US elections here: http://www.bangkokpost.com/learning/advanced/1129960/follow-the-us-election-in-english-updated-

Donald Trump wins White House in stunning upset

New York, Nov 9, 2016 AFP – Donald Trump has stunned America and the world, riding a wave of populist resentment to defeat Hillary Clinton in the race to become the 45th president of the United States.

The Republican mogul defeated his Democratic rival, plunging global markets into turmoil and casting the long-standing global political order, which hinges on Washington's leadership, into doubt.

"Now it is time for America to bind the wounds of division," Trump told a crowd of jubilant supporters in the early hours of Wednesday in New York.

"I pledge to every citizen of our land that I will be president for all Americans."

During a bitter two-year campaign that tugged at America's democratic fabric, the bombastic tycoon pledged to deport illegal immigrants, ban Muslims from the country and tear up free trade deals.

His message appears to have been embraced by much of America's white majority, disgruntled by the breadth and scope of social change and economic change in the last eight years under their first black president, Barack Obama.

Trump openly courted Russian leader Vladimir Putin, called US support for NATO allies in Europe into question and suggested that South Korea and Japan should develop their own nuclear weapons.

The businessman turned TV star turned-politico – who has never before held elected office – will become commander-in-chief of the world's sole true superpower on January 20.

The results prompted a global market sell-off, with stocks plunging across Asia and Europe and billions being wiped off the value of investments.

Although he has no government experience and in recent years has spent as much time running beauty pageants and starring in reality television as he had building his property empire, Trump at 70 will be the oldest man to ever become president.

Earlier story

Supporters of Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump watch early results during the election night event at the New York Hilton Midtown on November 8, 2016 in New York City. Their candidate lost New York, but elsewhere he is competing strongly. Chip Somodevilla/AFP

Counting continues, Trump close to victory

14:00

Donald Trump has added Pennslyvania to his victory list and now has 265 electoral votes, just five short of the 270 he needs. Another victory could come any minute now.

13:20

Technically, the race for the president is "too close to call," but Donald Trump leads Hillary Clinton in the electoral vote, 244 to 215 and he is comfortably ahead in most of the remaining states. His likely victory comes a big shock to many Americans and many people around the world. Here is the opening of an AFP story on Asia's reaction

Shock and angst in Asia as Trump rises

AFP – Donald Trump's stunning performance in the US presidential election triggered shock and angst in Asia, where observers fretted over the implications for everything from trade to human rights and climate change.

Although the race remained too close to call, Trump has won key states in the nail-biter against Hillary Clinton, building momentum as large numbers of American voters shrugged off concerns over the billionaire's temperament and lack of experience.

Trump's rise has been keenly watched abroad as he campaigned on a platform of trashing trade agreements, restricting immigration, dismissing climate change, and otherwise disengaging from the rest of the world.

In often hushed scenes, viewers at election-watching events around Asia stared at giant screens tallying the returns as they digested the impact of Trump possibly heading the world's most powerful nation.

11:00 

The polls are now closed in almost the full country and Democrats are getting very nervous. The latest electoral count according to the Washingtop Post is Trump 201 and Clinton 190. To be president you need 270. Trump has just won Florida and he is leading in the key states of Wisconsin and Michigan, both supposed to be Clinton states. So will it be President Trump? It's still to early to say, but it is definitely possible.

9:50

Surprisingly, Donald Trump is still in the lead in the electoral vote count, 137 - 104. Most importantly, he leads in the key states of Florida, North Carolina, Virginia and Ohio. Political analysts are beginning to say that maybe the polls showing Clinton ahead were wrong.

9:05

Polls just closed in another big batch of states, including the electoral-vote-rich New York which has been projected to be an easy win for Hilliary Clinton. At the moment, according to CNN, she leads in the electoral vote count 97 to 84. Donald Trump is ahead in the popular vote, however.

Overall, the election is closer than many people expected and Donald Trump is very competitive in the States he needs to win, leading slightly in Florida and slightly behind in North Carolina and Ohiol

8:25

Polls have closed in about half of the United States. Based on projections in states where the voting patterns are clear, Clinton holds a lead in electoral votes of 60 to 44. That was not unexpected. The focus now is on Florida where the race is extremely close, North Carolina where Clinton has a moderate lead and Ohio where early voting has favoured Clinton. If she wins all three, analysts say, it's "game over". There would be no way Trump could win.

7:20am

Polls closed in the first six states in Tuesday's US election at 7am our time. They were Georgia, Kentucky, Vermont, Indiana, South Carolina and Virginia.

As expected, the early returns indicate a clear win for Donald Trump in Kentucky and Indiana, while Clinton will win Vermont. Georgia and South Carolina should be friendly areas for Trump, but the big prize is Virginia which is expected to be close.

Jake Krupa colours in an electoral map as states are projected for Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump or Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton at an election watching party in Coconut Grove, Florida, on November 8, 2016. / AFP PHOTO / RHONA WISE

The big television networks are also saying that West Virginia, where polls closed at 7:30am, has  voted from Trump.

Polls will close in about 15 more states at 8am.

Penn State students stand in line inside the Student Union, called The Hub, waiting to cast their ballots in the presidential election on November 8, 2016 in State College, Pennsylvania. Students were experiencing waits of up to 45 minutes to an hour during peak times. Jeff Swensen/AFP

Vocabulary:

ally (noun): a person, group, organisation or country who helps and supports another person, group, organisation or country - คนกลุ่มหรือประเทศที่อยู่ในกลุ่มเดียวกัน; พันธมิตร

angst : a feeling of anxiety and worry about a situation, or about your life - ความเป็นทุกข์, ความเป็นห่วง, ความกังวล

ban : to officially say that someone is not allowed to do something   - ห้ามอย่างเป็นทางการ

batch : a group of things considered similar in type - พวก, ชุด, กลุ่ม

billionaire : having more than a billion pounds, dollars (or a billion baht in Thailand) - คนที่รวยมากๆ มีทรัพย์สินพันล้านดอลล่าร์

bind together : connect - เชื่อมเข้าด้วยกัน

bombastic (adj): sounding important but having little meaning and used to impress people - ซึ่งคุยโว,ซึ่งคุยเขื่อง

breadth (noun): the distance or measurement from one side to the other; how broad or wide something is - ความกว้าง

campaign : to take part in a planned series of activities (a campaign) designed to persuade voters to vote for a particular candidate or political party - รณรงค์หาเสียง

candidate : a person who is trying to be elected - ผู้สมัครรับเลือกตั้ง

cast doubt on : to make people feel less sure about or have less trust in something or someone - ลดความเชื่อถือ, ทำให้สงสัย

climate : the general weather conditions usually found in a particular place - สภาพอากาศ , อากาศ, ภูมิอากาศ

commander-in-chief : someone in charge of the whole of the armed forces of a country - ผู้บัญชาการทหารสูงสุด

competitive : having a high level of close competition - แข่งขันสูง

concerns : worries - ความกังวล

deal (noun): a formal agreement, especially in business or politics - ข้อตกลง, การตกลงซื้อขาย, การซื้อขาย

defeat : to win a victory over someone in a fight, war or competition - ชนะ, ปราบ

deport : to send someone out of a country, usually because they do not have a legal right to be there - เนรเทศออกจากประเทศ, ส่งตัวกลับประเทศ

digest : to understand information when there is a lot of it or it is difficult or unexpected -

disengage (verb): to free somebody/something from the person or thing that is holding them or it; to become free - เป็นอิสระ, หลุดพ้น

disgruntled : disappointed and annoyed about something - ซึ่งทำให้ไม่พอใจ, ซึ่งทำให้ขุ่นเคือง

dismiss : to refuse to accept that something might be true or important - ไม่สนใจ,แย้งกลับ

division : a disagreement between people, especially between people who belong to the same group - การแตกร้าว, การแบ่งแยก

electoral-vote (adj): (in a US presidential election) the vote by electors, with each state having electors according to how many represenatives and senators they have in Congress. In all but two states, the candidate with the most votes in a state gets all its electors. - การลงคะแนนเลือกประธานาธิบดีจากคนตัวแทนที่ได้รับสิทธิ

embrace : to accept something such as a belief, idea, or way of life - ยอมรับ น้อมนำมา

empire : a group of commercial organizations controlled by one person or company - เครือบริษัทที่ยิ่งใหญ่

fabric (noun): the basic structure of something - โครงสร้างของสิ่งที่เป็นรูปธรรม

favour : to give an advantage to someone or something - เอื้อ

focus : the thing or person that people are most interested in - จุดสนใจ, จุดสำคัญ, จุดหลัก

global : throughout the world - ทั่วโลก

hinge on (verb): depend on - เปลี่ยนไปตาม

hush (verb): to make somebody/something become quieter; to make somebody stop talking, crying, etc. - ทำให้เงียบ

illegal : against the law - ผิดกฎหมาย, นอกกฎหมาย

immigrant : a person who has come to a different country in order to live there permanently - ผู้อพยพ, คนย้ายถิ่น

immigration : the process in which people enter a country in order to live there permanently - การย้ายถิ่นฐาน

impact (noun): an effect or influence - ผลกระทบ

indicate : to show that something is true, exists or will happen - แสดง, ทำให้รู้

investment (noun): the act of investing money in something - การลงทุน

jubilant : extremely happy because something good has happened - ปีติยินดี

keenly (adv): in a way that involves strong or deep feelings or awareness -

key : most important - ที่สำคัญ

lack (verb): to not have something - ขาด

lead : the amount or distance that somebody/something is in front of somebody/something else - การนำหน้า, การขึ้นหน้า, การอยู่หน้า

likely : probable or expected - น่าจะเป็นไปได้

majority (noun): most of the people in a group - คนส่วนใหญ่, เสียงส่วนใหญ่

moderate : neither very great nor very small in strength, size, amount or degree - ระดับปานกลาง

mogul (noun): a very rich business person - ผู้มั่งคั่ง, นักธุรกิจที่ร่ำรวย

momentum : progress or development that is becoming faster or stronger - แรงผลักดัน, แรงกระตุ้น

nail-biter (noun): (of an event event, film, etc.) very exciting because you don’t know how it will end - เหตุการณ์ที่ก่อให้เกิดความวิตกกังวล

nervous : anxious about something or afraid of something - กระวนกระวาย

order : a situation in which everything is well organized or arranged - ความเป็นระเบียบเรียบร้อย

pageant : a competition to choose the most beautiful from a group of women - ประกวดนางงาม

platform; manifesto : the aims of a political party and the things they say they will do if they win an election - นโยบาย

pledge : to make a serious promise to do something - สัญญา

plunge : to (cause someone or something to) move or fall suddenly and often a long way forward, down or into something - ลดลงอย่างเร็ว (เช่น ราคา, อุณหภูมิ)

politico (noun): politician - นักการเมือง

polls : polling station, the place where people vote in an election - หน่วยเลือกตั้ง

popular vote : the vote by the people of a country - การลงคะแนนเสียงของประชาชน

populist : related to the type of politics that claims to represent the opinions and wishes of ordinary people or to support programmes that will benefit the ordinary people - ประชานิยม

project : to calculate based on information already known - คาดคะเน, ประเมิน

projection : a calculation or guess about the future based on information that you have - การคาดคะเน

prompted : caused - ก่อให้เกิด

property : land owned by someone - ที่ดิน, อสังหาริมทรัพย์

reaction : the way something responds as a result of something that happens - ปฏิกิริยา การตอบสนอง, ปฏิกิริยาตอบโต้

resentment : a feeling of anger because you have been forced to accept someone or something that you do not like - ความไม่พอใจ

restrict : to limit - จำกัด

returns : the results of an election - ผลการเลือกตั้ง

rival : a person you are competing against or opposing - คู่แข่ง

scope (noun): the things that a particular activity, organisation, subject, etc deals with - ขอบเขต

shock : a strong feeling of surprise as a result of something happening, especially something unpleasant; the event that causes this feeling - ช็อค, ความสะดุ้ง, อาการช็อค

shrug off : to show that something does not worry or upset you - ไม่เอาใจใส่, ไม่สนใจ

slightly : small in size or amount - เล็กน้อย

sole : only - เดี่ยวๆ

stunned (verb): (past tense) caused to be very shocked or upset - ทำให้ตกใจ ทำให้วิตกกังวล

stunning : very shocking or impressive - ที่ตระการตา ทำให้ตกใจ

tally (verb): to record or count a number of items - บันทึกจำนวน

tear up : to destroy a document, etc. by tearing it into pieces; to ignore (to fail to pay attention to) - ฉีกขาด

technically : according to accepted methods of doing something - ทางเทคนิค

temperament : the part of your character that affects your moods and the way you behave - อารมณ์,นิสัย,ภาวะจิตใจ

too close to call (idiom): (of a competition) so close in number that it is difficult to predict the winner -

trade : the buying and selling of goods and services - การค้าขาย

trash (verb): to damage or destroy something - ทำลายข้าวของ

trigger : to cause - ก่อให้เกิด กระตุ้น

tug (verb): to pull something hard, often several times - ดึง

turmoil : a state of uncontrolled activity - การจราจล ความไม่สงบ

tycoon : a person who has succeeded in business or industry and has become very rich and powerful - นักธุรกิจที่ร่ำรวยและมีอิทธิพลมาก

victory : winning a competition or a battle - ชัยชนะ

wave : a line of something that moves across an area - คลื่น

wound : an injury in which your skin or flesh is damaged - บาดแผล

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