Old trawlers take on a new role as artificial reefs

Old trawlers take on a new role as artificial reefs

he Command Centre for Combating Illegal Fishing sank trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand off Phetchaburi to create new habitats for marine life. PATTANAPONG HIRUNARD
he Command Centre for Combating Illegal Fishing sank trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand off Phetchaburi to create new habitats for marine life. PATTANAPONG HIRUNARD

Eight more old fishing vessels were sunk in the Gulf of Thailand Tuesday to create new habitats for marine life.

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8 trawlers sunk to create artificial reef

Wassana Nanuam

Eight old fishing vessels were sunk in the Gulf of Thailand Tuesday to create new habitats for marine life.

Command Centre for Combating Illegal Fishing (CCCIF) officials led by Capt Sahapon Praserttheeraphong invited the media to observe the event.

The boats were sunk around 12 nautical miles off the coast of Phetchaburi province.

The vessels will provide new habitats for many kinds of marine life, Capt Sahapon said.

A first batch of 32 vessels were sunk between Oct 15-31. The eight sunk Tuesday were part of a second batch of 16 vessels scheduled to be sent to the sea bed.

The government bought 48 old vessels from fishing operators who wanted to leave fishing to pursue other careers, he said.

Capt Sahapon said the government wants to buy up fishing vessels equipped with push nets to help end this method of fishing.

As part of this policy the government bought the 48 vessels to turn them into ecologically friendly artificial coral reefs, he said.

Water enters to the hull of one of the trawlers destined for the sea bottom. PATTANAPONG HIRUNARD

A budget of 139 million baht was allocated to buy the trawlers, while 5.7 million baht was set aside to strip them and sink them, he added.

Push net fishing is seen as being a highly destructive form of fishing, as is otter trawl fishing that involves dragging a net along the sea bed.

Equipment for this type of fishing cannot be used without a licence.

The Department of Fisheries stopped granting licences for otter trawl and push nets in 1981.

Wicharn Ingsrisawang, a Department of Fisheries inspector, who helped oversee the sinking of the trawlers, said the sunken vessels would help increase the marine life population in Thai waters.

The government plans to promote spots where the sunken vessels are located as tourist attractions to allow visitors to observe what is hoped will be a thriving marine life population inhabiting the artificial reef, he added.

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Vocabulary

  • allocate (verb): to give out an amount of or share of something - แบ่งส่วน
  • artificial: made by people instead of being something natural - ที่ประดิษฐ์ขึ้น
  • attraction: something that creates interest and brings people to see it - การดึงดูดความสนใจ
  • batch: a group of things considered similar in type - พวก, ชุด, กลุ่ม
  • budget: an amount of money able to be spent on something - งบประมาณ
  • combat (verb): to try to stop something unpleasant or harmful from happening or increasing - ต่อต้าน
  • command (noun): a part of an army, air force, etc. that is organised and controlled separately; a group of officers who give orders - กองบัญชาการ
  • coral reef: an area of coral, the top of which can sometimes be seen just above the sea - แนวปะการัง
  • create: to make something new - สร้าง, แต่งขึ้น
  • Department of Fisheries (noun): the government department that oversees the country's fishing industry, conducts research and carries out activities to promote the industry - กรมประมง กระทรวงเกษตรเเละสหกรณ์
  • destined: on the way to - มุ่งหน้าไปทาง
  • destructive: causing great damage or harm - ซึ่งเป็นการทำลาย
  • dragging: pulling - ดึง
  • ecologically: of the system of relationships between the air, land, water, animals, plants, etc., usually of a particular area - เกี่ยวกับความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างสิ่งมีชีวิตในระบบนิเวศน์
  • event (noun): a thing that happens, especially something important - เหตุการณ์สำคัญ
  • grant: to officially give something - ให้
  • habitats (noun): the type of places that particular animals usually live in or particular plants usually grow in - ถิ่นที่อยู่ของพืชหรือสัตว์
  • hull (noun): the main, bottom part of a ship, that goes in the water - ตัวเรือ, ลำเรือ
  • illegal: against the law - ผิดกฎหมาย, นอกกฎหมาย
  • inhabit (verb): to live in a particular place - อยู่อาศัย
  • inspector: an officer of middle rank in the police force - สารวัตร
  • invite: to ask somebody to come to an event - เชิญ
  • licence: an official document that gives someone permission to do or use something - ใบอนุญาต
  • located: where something is - ตั้งอยู่
  • marine: relating to the sea and creatures that live in it - เกี่ยวกับทะเล
  • media: radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group - สื่อ
  • method: a particular way of doing something - วิธีการ,วิธีดำเนินการ
  • nautical mile: a unit of distance used at sea which is equal to 1852 metres -
  • observe: to watch or study someone or something with care - สังเกตการณ์
  • officials: people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
  • operator (noun): a person or company that runs a business - ผู้ดำเนินกิจการทางธุรกิจ, ผู้ประกอบธุรกิจ
  • oversee: to watch something in order to check that it works or happens in the way that it should - ตรวจตรา
  • policy (noun): a set of plans or action agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group - นโยบาย
  • population: all the animals or plants of a particular type or group who live in one country, area or place - กลุ่มพืชและสัตว์ที่อาศัยอยู่ในบริเวณหนึ่ง
  • promote: to encourage or support something - สนับสนุน
  • pursue: to work at something or carry it out - ทำให้ลุล่วง
  • push net (noun): a small triangular fishing net with a rigid frame that is pushed along the bottom in shallow waters -
  • reef: a long line of rock or coral in the sea, with its top just below or just above the surface - แนวปะการังใต้ทะเล
  • scheduled: planned to happen at a particular time or day - ตามตารางเวลา
  • sea bed (noun): the bottom of the sea - ก้นทะเล
  • set aside: to keep or save something from a larger amount or supply in order to use it later for a particular purpose - สำรอง
  • sink (verb): to (cause something or someone to) go down below the surface or to the bottom of a liquid or soft substance (past: sank) - จม
  • spot: the particular place where someone or something is - ที่, สถานที่
  • strip: to remove, pull or tear the covering or outer layer from something - กวาด, ลอก,ปอก
  • sunk (past of sink): having fallen to the bottom river, lake, sea, etc. - จมอยู่ใต้น้ำ
  • thriving: very successful - ประสบความสำเร็จอย่างสูง
  • trawler (noun): a boat used for fishing by pulling a large net through the water - เรืออวนลาก
  • vessel: a boat or ship - เรือ
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