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Thailand's beaches losing sand

Sand is being added to a 2.8 kilometre stretch of the beach in Pattaya. CHAIYOS PHUPATANAPONG

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Erosion threatens beaches Thailand may lose all its attractive beaches in 10 years unless drastic measures are introduced to solve chronic erosion, Deputy Transport Minister Ormsin Chivapruck says.

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Erosion threatens beaches

Amornrat Mahitthirook

Thailand may lose all its attractive beaches in 10 years unless drastic measures are introduced to solve chronic erosion, Deputy Transport Minister Ormsin Chivapruck says.

The ministry, which oversees the Marine Department, will adopt measures being used to preserve a critically eroded beach in Pattaya as a model to save other endangered beaches in the country, he said.

Parts of Pattaya beach in Chon Buri, which is often crowded with tourists, are being filled in with more than 300,000 cubic metres of sand after suffering erosion over many years.

Some sections of the beach are currently only two or three metres wide, compared with 35 metres previously, Mr Ormsin said.

"If we don't do anything, there will be no attractive beaches left," he said.

According to Marine Department director-general Sorasak Saensombat, Thailand has 23 coastal provinces with a coastline stretching 2,000 kilometres on the Gulf of Thailand and 1,000km along the Andaman Sea.

Of this total, some 670km of shoreline is suffering from severe erosion with land being lost to the sea at a rate of more than five metres a year.

The ministry is also restoring Chalatat beach in Songkhla's Muang district which is seriously eroded.

The ministry has set aside more than 300 million baht to combat erosion along a more than two-kilometre stretch of beach, Mr Ormsin said. The work is expected to finish in 2018.

For Pattaya, authorities have hired Marine Construction Joint Venture at a cost of 429 million baht to lay sand along a 2.8-km stretch of beach running from North to South Pattaya. This beach restoration project is scheduled to finish next year, Mr Ormsin said.

Unlike seawalls built into the sea to protect coastlines from strong waves, replacing sand is more attractive and appeals more to tourists since the sand used is carefully selected to match sand already on the beach, said Suphot Charulakkhana, of Chulalongkorn University's Aquatic Resources Research Institute, which was hired to solve the erosion problem in Pattaya.

Up to 300,000 cubic metres of sand is being taken by boat to Pattaya where it will be poured into the sea to let the water wash it ashore, he said.

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Vocabulary:

adopt : to accept or to start using something new - นำมาใช้

appeal : to cause someone to like or want something - ดึงดูดใจ ทำให้สนใจ

aquatic : growing or living in or near water - เกี่ยวกับน้ำ

attractive : pleasant to look at - มีเสน่ห์ดึงดูด

authorities : people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ

chronic (adj): (of a disease, pain or problem) serious and lasting for a long time - เป็นประจำ

coastal : of an area of land beside the sea - แนวชายฝั่งทะเล

coastline : an area of land beside the sea - ชายฝั่ง

combat (verb): to try to stop something unpleasant or harmful from happening or increasing - ต่อต้าน

compare (verb): to show or state that somebody/something is similar to somebody/something else - เปรียบเทียบ

construction : the work of building or making something, especially buildings, bridges, etc. - การก่อสร้าง

critically : (of a bad situation) very serious or dangerous อย่างรุนแรง อย่างวิกฤต -

cubic metre : the volume of a cube with edges one metre in length - ลูกบาศก์เมตร

currently : at this time; now - ในปัจจุบัน

deputy : a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation - รอง

director-general : the head of a large organisation, especially a public organisation - อธิบดี

drastic : having a very big effect - มีผลกระทบอย่างใหญ่หลวง

endangered : at risk or in danger of being harmed, damaged or destroyed - เป็นอันตราย

erode : to rub or be rubbed away gradually - กร่อน, กัดกร่อน

erosion : gradually destroying the surface of something through the action of wind, rain, etc; to be gradually destroyed in this way - การกัดกร่อน,การเซาะ

hire : to pay someone to work for you - จ้าง

introduce (verb): to start something new, for the first time - เริ่ม, ริเริ่ม, ตั้ง

joint venture : a business activity carried out by two or more companies or groups - การลงทุนร่วม

Marine Department : the government department in charge of waterways, harbours and sea trade - กรมเจ้าท่า

match : to be the same as or very similar to something else - เท่าเทียมกันกับ, เท่ากันกับ

measures : actions that are intended to achieve or deal with something - มาตราการ

model : something such as a system that can be copied by other people - น่าถือเป็นแบบอย่าง, ต้นแบบ

oversee (verb): (past form: oversaw) to watch or organise a job or an activity to make certain that it is being done correctly - คุมงาน,ควบคุม

pour (verb): to make a liquid or other substance flow from a container in a continuous stream, especially by holding the container at an angle - เท

preserve : to take care of a place or building in order to prevent it from being harmed or destroyed - สงวน, อนุรักษ์

previously : before -

project : a planned piece of work that is designed to find information about something, to produce something new, or to improve something - โครงการ

protect : to make sure that something is not harmed or damaged - ปกป้อง, ป้องกัน

rate : the level or speed at which something happens or changes, or the amount or number of times it happens or changes in a particular period - อัตรา

replace : to put something new in place of something old - นำสิ่งใหม่มาใช้แทน

research : a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it - การวิจัย

resources : things such as water, coal, trees and oil that exist in nature and can be used by people - ทรัพยากร

restoration : the work of repairing and cleaning something, etc. so that its condition is as good as it originally was - การซ่อมแซม,การการบูรณะ, การกลับสู่สภาพปกติ

restore : to bring back to good condition - ฟื้นฟูสภาพ

section : any of the parts into which something is divided - ส่วน

set aside : to keep or save something from a larger amount or supply in order to use it later for a particular purpose - สำรอง

severe : very serious and unpleasant - รุนแรง

solve (verb): to successfully deal with a problem or difficult situation; to find out who is responsible for a crime - แก้ปัญหา, คลี่คลาย, หาคำตอบ

stretch (verb): to spread over an area of land - ยืดออก

stretch (noun): a continuous area of land or water - บริเวณที่แผ่ขยายไป, บริเวณวงกว้าง

suffer : to be badly affected by a very difficult or unpleasant situation - ประสบความลำบาก

threaten : to put at risk; to put in danger - ทำให้ตกอยู่ในความเสี่ยง

Transport Minister (noun): The government minister who heads the Ministry of Transport - รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวงคมนาคม

wave : a raised line of water that moves across the surface of the sea, ocean, etc - คลื่น

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