Dengue vaccine comes to Thailand

Dengue vaccine comes to Thailand

The vaccine has come too late to help popular actor Tridsadee “Por”  who died early this year from complications of a dengue infection, but it should help many others. WICHAN CHAROENKIATPAKUL
The vaccine has come too late to help popular actor Tridsadee “Por” who died early this year from complications of a dengue infection, but it should help many others. WICHAN CHAROENKIATPAKUL

Samitivej Hospital has introduced a vaccine against four strains of dengue virus, making it the first facility in Thailand to offer immunisation against the mosquito-borne disease.

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Hospital kicks off dengue jab

Arusa Pisuthipan

Samitivej Hospital has introduced a vaccine against four strains of dengue virus, making it the first facility in Thailand to offer immunisation against the mosquito-borne disease.

On-umar Banpamai, an infectious diseases specialist at Samitivej Sukhumvit Hospital, said at a briefing that the vaccine against dengue had been studied and developed for decades. It has also been tested in 10 countries around the world, including Thailand.

Over the past five years, the vaccine, with the trademark name Dengvaxia, was tested on over 30,000 people. When compared to the group receiving placebos, the vaccine was proven to be able to prevent the infection in 60% to 65% of the cases.

The vaccine showed around 93% efficacy in reducing the severity of the disease and over 80% effectiveness in lessening the need for hospitalisation, she said.

Dengue haemorrhagic fever has been wreaking havoc in tropical countries including Thailand. According to figures from the Bureau of Vector-Borne Disease under the Ministry of Public Health's Department of Disease Control, as of last week there were 60,115 reported cases this year, with 58 deaths. Last year, Thailand saw 142,925 reported cases, with 141 fatalities.

Dr On-umar added that the vaccine was administered as a three-dose series at six-month intervals. According to related studies, a series is effective for five to six years and works best for those aged 9-45.

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Vocabulary

  • administer (verb): to give drugs, medicine, etc. to somebody - ให้ (ยา), จ่ายยา
  • briefing: a meeting in which people receive information or instruction - คำแถลงการณ์สั้น,สรุปแบบสั้นๆ
  • bureau: a government organisation - สำนักงาน
  • decades: periods of ten years - เป็นสิบๆปี
  • dengue: a very serious illness that you get if a mosquito infected with a particular virus bites you. Dengue fever causes fever, headaches, and pain in the joints - ไข้เลือดออก
  • dose (noun): an amount of drug or something else that you take at a single time or affects you at a single time - ปริมาณที่ให้ต่อครั้ง
  • effective: producing the result that was intended - ได้ผลดี
  • effectiveness: the ability to produce the result that is intended - ประสิทธิผล
  • efficacy (noun): the ability of something to produce the results that are wanted ความมี - ประสิทธิภาพ, ความสามารถ, สมรรถภาพ
  • facility (noun): a building, equipment, etc., used for a particular purpose - โรงงาน, สถานบริการ, สิ่งก่อสร้าง, สิ่งอำนวยความสะดวก
  • fatality: a death caused by an illness, accident, crime or war - การเสียชีวิต
  • figures (noun): amounts, numbers - จำนวนเลข, ตัวเลข
  • haemorrhagic fever (noun): a severe illness, sometimes associated with bleeding, that may be caused by a number of viruses - ไข้เลือดออก
  • hospitalisation: when a person must stay at a hospital for the treatment of a disease or injury -
  • immunisation (noun): the act of protecting a person or an animal from a disease, especially by giving them an injection of a vaccine - การก่อภูมิคุ้มกัน
  • infection: a disease or medical condition that is caused by a bacteria or by a virus or a parasite - การติดเชื้อ
  • infectious: able to cause an infection - ติดต่อกันได้
  • interval (noun): a period of time between two events - ช่วงเวลา, ช่วง, ระยะเวลา
  • jab: a vaccination - การฉีดวัคซีน
  • kick off: to begin an event; to launch - เริ่มต้น, เริ่มทำ
  • lessen: to reduce; to make something become smaller, weaker, less important, etc. - ทำให้น้อยลง
  • Ministry of Public Health (noun): the ministry that oversees and carries out the government national health policy - กระทรวงสาธารณสุข
  • mosquito-borne (adj): carried by mosquitoes, referring especially to disease-causing viruses -
  • placebo: a substance given to someone who is told that it is a particular medicine, either to make them feel as if they are getting better or to compare the effect of the particular medicine when given to others - ยาซึ่งไม่มีฤทธิ์ทางยา
  • prevent (verb): to stop somebody from doing something; to stop something from happening - ขัดขวาง, ป้องกัน, กัน, กีดขวาง
  • reduce: to make something smaller or less in amount, size, importance etc - ลดลง
  • severity: seriousness - ความรุนแรง
  • specialist: a doctor who has specialised in a particular area of medicine - แพทย์เฉพาะทาง
  • strain: a particular type of virus, animal, insect, or plant  - สายพันธุ์
  • trademark (noun): a name, symbol or design that a company uses for its products and that cannot be used by anyone else - เครื่องหมายการค้า
  • tropical: relating to the hottest area of the Earth, between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn - ในเขตร้อน
  • vaccine: a substance which contains a form that is not harmful of a virus and which is given to a person or animal to prevent them from getting the disease which the virus causes - วัคซีน
  • vector-borne diseases (noun): infections transmitted by the bite of infected insect species, such as mosquitoes and ticks -
  • wreaking havoc: causing something bad to happen in a violent and often uncontrolled way - ทำให้เกิด ความเสียหายอย่างรุนแรง, ทำให้เกิดความหายนะ
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