An alarming number of Thai women have experienced abuse, betrayal & even rape, a recent nationwide survey shows.
Violence against women in Thailand, a survey
An alarming number of Thai women and their friends have experienced abuse, betrayal and even rape, according to a recent survey.
The survey on domestic violence and violence against women (VAM) was carried out by the Women and Men Progressive Movement Foundation (WMP).
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
Regarding violence, the survey showed 42.2% of respondents were forced into sexual acts with their husbands or boyfriends.
Another 41.1% said they were forced to have an abortion.
Others also experienced physical and mental assault by their partners.
WHAT CAUSED THE VIOLENCE?
The use of alcohol and illicit drugs are said to have contributed to the violence.
Other factors included infidelity, jealousy and the use of social media.
ATTITUDES TOWARDS LOVE
In terms of attitude towards love, 76.8% of respondents said women must have a monogamous relationship, 47.9% said men are family leaders, 43.3% said wives or girlfriends must obey and pay attention to their partners.
Just more than 40% of men view wives as their "properties".
Slightly more than 20% of respondents said men were comfortable with having sex without contraception.
Some 18.2% of women viewed having sex with their husbands or boyfriends as "a duty".
EXPRESS YOUR LOVE EVERYDAY, NOT JUST VALENTINES DAY
Asked whether more couples will decide to have sex on Valentine's Day, most respondents disagreed,
They said couples can express their love for each other on any day.
Mental Health Department director-general Boonruang Triruangworawat said teen couples can have sex on any occasion regardless of whether it's a recognised "day of romance".
According to another survey conducted by the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Rajanagarindra Institute, of 1,250 respondents in secondary school and vocational students in Bangkok, 86% said Valentine's Day has nothing to do with their decision to have sex.
90% USE CONDOMS IN SECONDARY & VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
Regarding birth control, 89% used condoms, 75% said using condoms was the best approach to prevent pregnancy, while 1.5% of male students said contraception was not necessary.
Also, 90% of female students told their boyfriends to use condoms as they did not use any other form of contraception.
VIEWING LOVER AS PERSONAL PROPERTY
Violence between couples mainly stemmed from male dominant attitudes in Thai society. Many people also viewed their lovers as personal property
This is according to WMP member Sitthisak Ponthaisong speaking yesterday.
In a bid to address the violence issue, these attitudes must be altered, he said.
"People should focus on forging understanding in their relationships," he said.
HOW WAS THE SURVEY CARRIED OUT?
The WMP survey on domestic violence was carried out from Jan 27 to Feb 2.
There were 1,608 female respondents aged between 17 and 40 from various levels of education and occupations in Bangkok and its outskirts.
Ending violence against women, some say, requires changing the attitudes that some men have towards women, says activist Tony Porter (see here) in his famous Ted Talk "A call to men" to help them get out of what he calls the "man box" (see above):
Learn from listening
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abortion : a medical operation in which a developing baby is removed from a woman’s body so that it is not born alive - การทำแท้ง
abuse (noun): cruel, violent or unfair treatment, especially of someone who does not have the power to prevent it - การข่มเหง, การปฏิบัติไม่ดีต่อ
according to (prep): as stated or reported by somebody/something - ตามคำบอกเล่า, ตามรายงาน
act : an action - การกระทำ
address : to deal with a problem - จัดการปัญหา
adolescent : a boy or girl who is changing into a young man or woman -
alarming : worrying or frightening - ซึ่งน่าตกใจ
alcohol : drinks such as whiskey, beer, wine, etc that make people feel good and become drunk - เหล้า, สุรา
alter : to change - เปลี่ยนแปลง
approach : a way of doing or dealing with something; a particular way of doing something or thinking about something - การจัดการกับปัญหา วิธีการทำให้ถึงจุดหมาย
assault (verb): to attack someone violently, either physically or in some other way, e.g., smell - ทำร้ายร่างกาย, ทำร้าย
attitude : someone’s opinions or feelings about something, especially as shown by their behaviour - ทัศนคติ, ลักษณะท่าทาง
betrayal : the act of not being loyal to your country or a person, often by doing something harmful such as helping their enemies - การทรยศ,การหักหลัง
bid : to make an attempt to do something - พยายาม
birth control (noun): the practice of controlling the number of children a person has, using various methods of contraception (preventing a mother from becoming pregnant, i.e., having a child developing in her body) - การคุมกำเนิด
comfortable : an easy life without difficulties - ความสะดวกสบาย
conduct : to carry out — - ดำเนิน
contraception (noun): the practice of preventing a woman from becoming pregnant; the methods of doing this - การคุมกำเนิด
contributed to : helped to cause an event or situation - ช่วยก่อให้เกิด
couple : two people who are married or are involved in a romantic relationship - คุ่รัก
decision (noun): a choice or judgement that you make after thinking and talking about what is the best thing to do - การตัดสินใจ
disagree (verb): to not agree about something; to differ - ไม่เข้ากัน, ไม่สอดคล้องกัน ไม่เห็นด้วย, ขัดแย้ง
domestic violence : violence in the home, especially between husband and wife -
dominant : more powerful or important than all others - เหนือกว่า
duty : something that you have to do because it is part of your job, or something that you feel is the right thing to do - หน้าที่, ความรับผิดชอบ
experience (verb): to have something happen to you or to live through some event - ประสบ
express : to tell someone about a feeling, opinion, or aim by speaking or writing about it - แสดงออก (ทางความคิดหรือความรู้สึก) โดยใช้คำพูดหรือการเขียน, พูดออกมา
factor : a fact or situation which influences the result of something - ปัจจัย
focus : to give attention, effort, etc. to one particular subject, situation or person rather than another - เพ่งความสนใจ
forced : making someone do something that they don't want to do - บังคับ
forge : to work hard to achieve something - สร้างอย่างมานะพยายาม
foundation : an organisation that provides money for things such as medical research or for a charity - มูลนิธิ
has nothing to do with : irrelevant; not important to what you are discussing or doing - ที่ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกัน ไม่สัมพันธ์กัน
illicit : against the law - ผิดกฎหมาย
in terms of (idiom): regarding; used to show what aspect of a subject you are talking about or how you are thinking about it - เกี่ยวกับ, เกี่ยวข้องกับ
infidelity : a situation in which someone has sex with someone who is not their husband, wife, or partner - การนอกใจ
institute (noun): an organization that has a particular purpose, especially one that is connected with education or a particular profession; the building used by this organisation - สถาบัน,องค์การ,วิทยาลัย,สถาบันหนึ่งของมหาวิทยาลัย
jealousy : a feeling of unhappiness and anger because someone has something or someone that you want - ความขี้หึง, ความหึงหวง
male : being a man or a boy - ผู้ชาย
member : a person, a country or an organization that has joined a particular group, club or team - สมาชิก
mental : connected with or happening in the mind; involving the process of thinking - เกี่ยวกับจิตใจ
mental health : the state of health of the mind - สุขภาพจิต
necessary (adj.): essential, needful, something that you must do or have - จำเป็น, ซึ่งเลี่ยงไม่ได้, ซึ่งเป็นที่ต้องการ, สำคัญ
obey : to do what you are told or expected to do - เชื่อฟัง, ทำตามคำสั่ง
occasion : a time at which something happens - ครั้ง, โอกาส
partner : the person that you are married to or having a relationship with - คู่สมรส, คู่สามีหรือภรรยา
pay attention : to watch, listen to, or consider something or someone very carefully - เอาใจใส่, สนใจ
physical : connected with a person's body - เกี่ยวกับร่างกาย
pregnancy : the state of being pregnant, having a baby developing inside - การตั้งท้อง
prevent (verb): to stop somebody from doing something; to stop something from happening - ขัดขวาง, ป้องกัน, กัน, กีดขวาง
progressive (adj): in favour of new ideas, modern methods and change - ที่ก้าวหน้าขึ้น, ที่พัฒนาขึ้น
property : things, especially valuable things, that are owned by someone - ทรัพย์สมบัติ, ทรัพย์สิน
rape : the crime of forcefully having sex with someone against their wish - การข่มขืน
recognised : well known - เป็นที่รู้จักกันดี
regarding : about ..... -
regardless : despite; not being affected by something - โดยไม่คำนึงถึง
relationship (noun): a romantic connection between two people - ความสัมพันธ์
relationship : a sexual or romantic connection between two people - ความสัมพันธ์
respondent (noun): someone who answers questions - ผู้ตอบคำถาม/แบบสำรวจ
romance : a love story - เรื่องรักใคร่, นวนิยายรักใคร่
secondary school : a school for young people, usually between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18 - ชั้นมัธยมศึกษา
sexual : connected with a person's sexual desires - เรื่องทางเพศ, ลักษณะทางเพศ
sexual intercourse (noun): the physical activity of sex - การร่วมเพศ
slightly : small in size or amount - เล็กน้อย
social media : the use of web-based and mobile technologies to turn communication into an interactive dialogue, e.g., Facebook, Twitter, etc. - เครือข่ายสังคมออนไลน์
stemmed from (verb): was/were caused by - เกิดจาก
teens : teenagers - บุคคลที่มีอายุระหว่าง 13-19 ปี, คนรุ่นหนุ่มรุ่นสาว, วัยรุ่น
understanding (noun): sympathy; understand someone's difficult situation; when you see and understand the problem that a person i experiencing so you don't complain or help them; compassion, pity - ] ความเห็นใจ, ความสงสาร
violence : physical force with the deliberate intention of causing damage to property or injury or death to people - ความรุนแรง, การใช้กำลังทำลาย
vocational students : students attending a school which provided the skills necessary for particular jobs - นักเรียนอาชีวศึกษา