A poisonous politics of scapegoating & dehumanizing whole groups of people is sweeping the world from Trump in the US to Duterte in the Philippines to Erdogan in Turkey.
HUMAN RIGHTS & POLITICAL COMMUNICATION
Divisive & hateful political rhetoric danger to world says Amnesty International
AFP News Agency
Leaders around the world whose policies demonize entire groups of people pose a growing danger for the world.
This is according to the international human rights organization Amnesty International in its annual report, released on Wednesday by Amnesty chief Salil Shetty speaking in Paris (download and read free report here & here).
DEHUMANIZING ENTIRE GROUPS OF PEOPLE & FRAGMENTING THE WORLD
US President Donald Trump was singled out for special mention in the report.
"The poisonous politics of demonization" are making the world "more fragmented, more unequal (and) more unsafe",
The report says that "divisive fear-mongering has become a dangerous force in world affairs."
"More and more politicians calling themselves anti - establishment are wielding a toxic agenda that hounds, scapegoats and dehumanises entire groups of people."
Besides Trump, other world leaders who got special mention including Turkish President Erdogan, Philippine President Duterte and Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
All were singled out as leaders employing "us versus them" rhetoric.
GLOBAL PUSHBACK ON HUMAN RIGHTS
This brand of identity politics is causing a "global pushback" on human rights and undermining a coordinated response to mass atrocities, Amnesty said in the report, which evaluates the state of human rights in 159 countries.
"We have reached a point where there is no longer any red line."
"Almost no action has become too appalling or indefensible," Shetty said.
UNRESTRAINED BRUTALITY COULD BECOME NEW NORMAL
"In this new reality it's easy to imagine a dystopian future where unrestrained brutality becomes a new normal."
He said that last year the world "ceased to be shocked by the deliberate bombing of hospitals and schools in conflict zones."
But while acknowledging "the parallels that many are drawing between the present time and 1930s Europe," Shetty said "We must not be fatalistic."
He called on "leaders, but especially people, to stand up against the politics of demonisation".
TRUMP TRAVEL BAN IN US
Shetty denounced the Trump administration's attempted Muslim travel ban as inhumane, illegal and "just plain stupid... because what it's doing is making all of us, not just people in the United States, less safe."
After a federal judge blocked the ban affecting all refugees and anyone from seven Muslim majority countries, the White House is planning a new order this week that would allow it to circumvent the court.
"So in the country that used to say 'Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free'... we now have the politics of demonisation at work," Shetty said.
EQUATING REFUGEES WITH TERRORISTS
"One of the most dangerous things that happened in 2016 was to increasingly start equating refugees with terrorists, and this is a very systematic change of discourse by (those) who want to create this impression... based on close to zero evidence," he said.
REPORT UNVEILED IN FRANCE, CRADLE OF HUMAN RIGHTS
The London-based Amnesty took the unusual step of unveiling the report in Paris, Shetty said, because France, which heads into presidential elections in two months, is "the cradle of human rights".
But today its citizens are seeing their rights eroded in the name of security, he said.
"There are few countries in the world where human rights are more tightly woven in the national psyche than in France," he said, but now the country is at "a tipping point".
Learn from listening
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according to (prep): as stated or reported by somebody/something - ตามคำบอกเล่า, ตามรายงาน
acknowledge : to accept or admit that something exists, is true or is real - ยอมรับ
administration : government - รัฐบาล
affect : to produce a change in somebody/something - กระทบ, ส่งผล, มีผลต่อ
agenda : a set of goals - เบื้องลึก
annual : happening every year - ทุกๆปีด, ประจำปี
anti (adjective): against - ตรงกันข้าม, ต้าน
appalling : shocking; extremely bad - ซึ่งทำให้ตกใจ
attempt (noun): when a person tries to do something or achieve some goal, makes an effort to do it - ความพยายาม
ban : officially not allowed to do something - การห้ามอย่างเป็นทางการ
based on (verb): information or facts used to make a story, calculation, judgement or decision - ตั้งอยู่บน,ยึดเป็นหลัก
besides (prep): in addition to somebody/something; apart from somebody/something - นอกจากนี้
block : to stop something from being done or from succeeding - ปิด, กีดขวาง
brutality : extreme violence, especially when it is deliberately cruel extreme violence, especially when it is deliberately cruel - ความโหด, ความเหี้ยมโหด, ความอำมหิต
cease : to stop - จบ, ยุติ
chief : a person with a high rank or the highest rank in a company or an organisation - หัวหน้า, ผู้นำ
circumvent : go around and avoid some restriction -
citizen : someone who has the right to live permanently in a particular country - พลเมือง
close to : near -
conflict : an angry disagreement between people or groups - ความขัดแย้ง
cradle (noun): a small bed for a baby which can be pushed gently from side to side - เปลเด็ก
dehumanization : to make people seem less human; to portray as wicked and threatening. -
deliberate : done intentionally; done on purpose - จงใจ ตั้งใจ
demonize : portray as wicked and threatening. -
denounce : to criticise someone or something severely in public - ประณาม, ติเตียน
divisive : likely to cause arguments between people - อันจะก่อให้เกิดความแตกแยก
dystopian (adj): an imaginary place or state in which everything is extremely bad or unpleasant -
election (noun): the process of choosing a person or a group of person for a position, especially by voting - การเลือกตั้ง
employ : to use - ใช้
equate to (verb): to be equal to something else or very similar to something else - เทียบเท่า, เท่ากับ
erode : to weaken; to gradually reduce the value, importance or level of something -
especially : more with one person, thing, etc. than with others, or more in particular circumstances than in others - โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่ง
establishment (noun): the most powerful people in a society who are often conservative and work hard to protect their position in society - กลุ่มที่มีอำนาจและอิทธิพล, กลุ่มอนุรักษ์นิยม
evidence : facts statements or objects that help to prove whether or not someone has committed a crime - หลักฐาน
fatalistic : accepting a bad future as inevitable; nothing can be done to change it -
federal : relating to the central government, and not to the government of a region, of some countries such as the United States - เกี่ยวกับสหพันธรัฐ
force (noun): a person or thing that has a lot of power or influence - คนหรือสิ่งที่มีอำนาจหรืออิทธิพล
fragmented : not unified; broken into separate parts - แตกแยกเป็นส่วนๆ, ขาดเป็นตอนๆ
hound : to follow someone in a determined way in order to get something from them - ไล่ล่า, ติดตาม
human rights : the basic rights which it is generally considered all people should have, such as justice and the freedom to say what you think - สิทธิมนุษยชน
illegal : against the law - ผิดกฎหมาย, นอกกฎหมาย
impression : an opinion or feeling that you have about someone or something you have seen but do not know very well - ความรู้สึก
in the name of : the reason why something is done; why something happened or exists - เหตุผล
indefensible : cannot be defended; no excuse can be made for what was done -
judge : someone whose job is to make decisions in a court of law - ตุลาการ, ผู้พิพากษา
leader : the person in charge of a group of people; who manages them and "leads" them in doing some activity - ผู้นำ
majority : more than 50 percent of a group - เสียงส่วนใหญ่
masses : large numbers of people; mobs - ประชาชนจำนวนมาก
national (adjective): for the whole country - แห่งชาติ, ของชาติ
normal (adj.): typical, usual or ordinary; what you would expect - ปกติ, ภาวะปกติ
order (noun): something that somebody is told to do by somebody in authority - คำสั่ง
parallel : of an event or situation that happens at the same time as and/or is similar to another one - คล้ายกัน ขนานกัน
plain : ordinary; with nothing added - ธรรมดา
poisonous (adj): causing death or illness if swallowed or absorbed into the body - เป็นพิษ
policy (noun): a set of plans or action agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group - นโยบาย
psyche : the part of your mind that controls your attitudes and behaviour - จิตใจ,วิญญาณ
refugee : someone who leaves their country or living place, especially during a war or other threatening event - ผู้ลี้ภัย
release : the act of making something available to the public - การนำออกแสดง, การออกวางจำหน่าย
rhetoric : a style of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people - การใช้ถ้อยคำชักจูงโน้มน้าว
rights : the legal right to control the production and selling of a book, play, film, photograph, piece of music, performance, etc. - ลิขสิทธิ์
scapegoat : someone who is blamed for something that is not their fault, especially because someone else wants to avoid being blamed - ผู้รับเคราะห์แทนคนอื่น, แพะรับบาป
security : protection; safety from attack, harm, or damage - ความมั่นคง, ระบบรักษาความปลอดภั, ความปลอดภัย
shock : to surprise, or frighten someone - ทำให้ตกใจ, ทำให้สั่นสะเทือน
singled out : to choose one person, organisation, etc. from a group for special attention or criticism - เลือกเฉพาะ, เลือกจากกลุ่ม
stand up against : resist; to oppose or fight against someone or something - ต้านทาน, ต้าน, ขัดขวาง,
step : one of a series of actions that you do in order to achieve a particular aim - ขั้นตอน
systematic (adj): done according to a system or plan, in a thorough, efficient or determined way - ซึ่งเป็นระบบ
terrorist : of someone who uses violence in order to achieve political aims - ผู้ก่อการร้าย
toxic : poisonous and harmful to people, animals or the environment - เป็นพิษ
unequal (adj): not equal; in which people are treated in different ways or have different advantages in a way that seems unfair - ไม่เท่ากัน, เหลื่อมล้ำ, ซึ่งไม่เท่าเทียมกัน
unrestrained (adj): not controlled; not having been restrained - ไม่ได้ควบคุม; ไม่ได้รับการยับยั้ง
unusual (adj): different from what is usual or normal - ผิดปกติ
unveil : to announce something that was not known before - เปิดเผยข้อมูล
versus (prep): used to compare two different ideas, choices, etc. - เปรียบเทียบสองสิ่ง
wield : to use - ใช้ประโยชน์
yearning (noun): a strong and emotional desire - ความปรารถนาอย่างมาก
zone : an area that has an important or typical feature; an area where a particular activity is allowed or not allowed - พื้นที่, บริเวณ, เขต