First recycled rocket journey: SpaceX hails revolution

First recycled rocket journey: SpaceX hails revolution

SpaceX rocket featuring reusable booster rocket to reduce costs launches and then lands around 10 minutes later on a platform (drone ship) in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean (Photo Source: SpaceX)
SpaceX rocket featuring reusable booster rocket to reduce costs launches and then lands around 10 minutes later on a platform (drone ship) in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean (Photo Source: SpaceX)

New era of reusable rockets & cheap space travel begins with space tourism & flight to Mars coming soon.

SPACE TRAVEL

SpaceX hails 'revolution' after recycled rocket launch, landing

AFP News Agency
31-03-2017

California's SpaceX company has proven that rockets for space flight can be reused.

This breakthrough promises to radically reduce the cost of space flight.

This is a milestone in space travel that could lead to significant future cost savings.

Space tourism may even be a vacation option for many one day soon.

ROCKET REUSABILITY MEANS COST SAVINGS 

What is significant is that a segment from one of the company's Falcon 9 rockets was re- flown for the first time.

The tall, columnar portion known as the first stage or booster segment of the rocket had already propelled a payload into orbit from Florida's Kennedy Space Center 11 months ago.

Until now, rockets have been expendable with the various segments composing the rocket being thrown off and destroyed during an ascent.

The plan now is to recover the expensive first-stage segment of the rocket and re- fly it many times to reduce costs and save money.

WHAT EXACTLY TOOK PLACE?

The slightly scuffed Falcon 9 rocket soared into the sky over Cape Canaveral, Florida at 6:27 pm.

The rocket was on a mission to send a communications satellite for Luxembourg-based company SES into a distant orbit.

About 10 minutes after the rocket launched, the re- used rocket powered its engines down and landed upright on a drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean marked with the words "Of Course I Still Love You."

Screams and applause erupted at SpaceX mission control as the groundbreaking mission was completed.

NINTH SUCCESSFUL TOUCHDOWN OF FIRST STAGE ROCKET

The landing marked the ninth successful touchdown of a first stage rocket for SpaceX -- six on ocean platforms, or drone ships, and three on land.

It also marked the first time a single rocket booster had ever been launched -- and landed -- twice.

SpaceX chief Elon Musk hailed a "revolution in space flight."

PRIVATE COMPANIES WORKING TO MAKE SPACE EXPLORATION CHEAPER

Private companies like SpaceX and its competitors are scrambling to make space exploration cheaper and more efficient.

SpaceX, the California- based company headed by visionary entrepreneur Musk, has for 15 years been honing the technology of powering its boosters back to careful Earth landings on solid ground and in the water.

The goal of the entire effort, Musk has said, is to make rocket parts just as reusable as cars, planes or bicycles.

HUMAN COLONIES ON MARS

Musk said it is also a crucial part of his plan to one day establish human colonies on Mars.

"It is an amazing day, I think, for space (and) as a whole for the space industry," Musk said in a video message after the launch.

"It means you can fly and re- fly an orbital class booster which is the most expensive part of the rocket," he added.

"This is going to be ultimately a huge revolution in space flight."

COST SAVINGS

Currently, millions of dollars' worth of rocket parts are jettisoned after each launch.

SpaceX officials have said that re- using hardware could slash costs -- with each Falcon 9 launch costing over $61 million -- by about 30 percent.

While the exact life of the re- used boosters is uncertain, Musk said they could be redeployed anywhere from 10 to 100 or even 1,000 times, depending on how much refurbishment is needed.

'BLUE ORIGIN' ROCKET OF AMAZON: SPACEX COMPETITOR

SpaceX competitor Blue Origin, run by Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos, has also successfully landed its New Shepard booster after launch, by powering its engines to guide it down for a controlled, upright landing.


http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-39451401

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Vocabulary

  • amazing: very surprising, especially in a way that makes you feel pleasure or admiration - น่าสนเท่ห์, น่าพิศวง, ซึ่งทำให้ประหลาดใจ
  • applause: showing enjoyment or approval of something such as a performance or speech by clapping the hands repeatedly to make a noise - การปรบมือแสดงความชื่นชม
  • ascent (noun): going in an upwards direction (into the air, up a mountain) - การขึ้นสู่ที่สูงกว่า (ตำแหน่ง ,ฐานะ, ปริญญา,ฯลฯ)
  • based: where the main work of an organisation, business, etc. is done or controlled - ซึ่งเป็นศูนย์กลาง
  • booster (rocket): a rocket that gives a spacecraft extra power when it leaves the earth, or that makes a missile go further -
  • breakthrough: an achievement that comes after a lot of hard work - การพัฒนาหรือการค้นพบที่ยิ่งใหญ่, การบุกเข้าไปในแนวเขตของคู่ต่อสู้
  • careful (adj): thinking about what you are doing so that you do not do anything wrong or so that you avoid problems - ระมัดระวัง
  • class: a group of people, animals or things that have similar characteristics or qualities - ประเภทหรือชนิด
  • colony: a country or an area that is governed by people from another, more powerful, country - ประเทศอาณานิคม, เมืองขึ้น
  • columnar: shaped like a column (a tall, solid, vertical post, usually round) - เสากลม
  • communications (noun): the process of sending information through television, radio, telephone signals and the internet - การสื่อสาร
  • competitor: a person, team or company that is competing against others - ผู้แข่งขัน, คู่แข่ง
  • complete (verb): to finish something; to bring some project to an end after having done everything successfully - ทำเสร็จ, ทำให้สมบูรณ์
  • compose: to be made of or formed from something; consist of - ประกอบด้วย
  • composed: to be made of or formed from something; consist of - ประกอบด้วย
  • cost: an amount of money that people need to pay for something - ค่า
  • crucial (adj): extremely important because it effects the result of something - สำคัญยิ่ง
  • currently: at this time; now - ในปัจจุบัน
  • depending on: according to; affected by things that happen - ขึ้นอยู่กับ
  • destroy (verb): to damage something so badly that it no longer exists, works, etc - ทำลาย
  • distant: far away in space or time - ห่างไกล
  • drone (noun): an aircraft (or ship) without a pilot, controlled from the ground - เครื่องบินไร้คนขับที่ควบคุมด้วยวิทยุทางไกล
  • efficient: effective and well organised (the opposite is inefficient) - มีประสิทธิภาพ
  • effort: an attempt to do something - ความพยายาม
  • entire: including everything, everyone or every part - ทั้งหมด
  • entrepreneur: someone who starts their own business, especially when this involves risks - นักลงทุนทางการเงิน
  • erupt (verb): to start suddenly - ปะทุขึ้น
  • establish (verb): to start something, e.g. a company, organisation, fund, project, etc. that will likely continue for a long time - สถาปนา, ก่อตั้ง, จัดตั้ง
  • exact (adj.): done, made, or described in a very thorough way, with all the details correct - ถูกต้องแม่นยำ
  • expendable: disposable; can throw away or get rid of -
  • expensive (adj): costing a lot of money - แพง
  • exploration: when you search and find out about something - การสำรวจ, การค้นหา
  • flight (noun): a trip on an airplane; a plane making a particular journey - การเดินทางด้วยเครื่องบิน; เที่ยวบิน
  • goal: aim; purpose - เป้าหมาย จุดมุ่งหมาย
  • ground (noun): the surface of the earth - ผิวดิน, ผิวโลก, พื้นดิน, พื้น
  • groundbreaking (adj.): making new discoveries; using new methods - สร้างการค้นพบใหม่ หรือ การใช้วิธีการใหม่
  • hail: to describe somebody/something as being very good or special, especially in newspapers, etc - ยกย่อง, ชมเชย
  • hardware (noun): the equipment, machinery and vehicles used to do something - เครื่องกลไกที่ใช้ปฏิบัติการ
  • hone: to develop and improve something, especially a skill, over a period of time -
  • huge: very large - ใหญ่โต
  • industry: the people and activities involved in producing a particular thing, or in providing a particular service; the production of goods from raw materials, especially in factories - อุตสาหกรรม
  • jettison (verb): to eject; to throw something out/off of a moving plane, ship or spaceship - โยนสิ่งของออกเพื่อทำให้เรือ, เครื่องบิน หรือ ยานอวกาศเบาขึ้น
  • known as (verb): has the name .... -
  • landing: an act of bringing an aircraft or a spacecraft down to the ground after a journey - การลงสู่พื้นดิน
  • launch: sending something out, such as a rocket into the air or into space - การปล่อย
  • mark (verb): to celebrate or officially remember an event that you consider to be important - เฉลิมฉลอง, ระลึกถึง
  • message: a piece of written or spoken information that you send to someone, especially when you cannot speak to them directly - ข่าวสาร, ข้อความ
  • milestone: an event or achievement that marks an important stage in a process - เหตุการณ์สำคัญ
  • mission: a flight into space - การเคลื่อนที่หรือการวิ่งสู่เป้าหมายของจรวด
  • mission control: a group of people who control a flight, most often a space flight, from the ground, or the place where they do this -
  • officials: people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
  • option: choice - ตัวเลือก
  • orbit: a curved path followed by a planet or an object as it moves around another planet, star, moon, etc - วิถีโคจร, วงโคจร
  • orbit (verb): (of a planet, satellite, etc.) to follow a curved path as it moves around another planet, star, moon, etc - โคจร
  • orbital (adj): connected with the orbit (path) of a planet or object in space going around another planet or object - เกี่ยวกับการโคจร
  • payload (noun): the equipment carried by a spacecraft or satellite -
  • platform (noun): a structure built high above the ground that you can stand on; a structure built in/above the sea - แท่น
  • portion: a part of something - ส่วน
  • power: energy, from electricity or the human body, for example - พลังงาน, พลังงานกล,พลัง, กำลัง, แรง
  • private: involving groups, businesses or industries that are not owned or controlled by the government - เอกชน
  • promise: a sign that somebody/something will be successful - ลักษณะหรือท่าทีที่ดี
  • propel: to move or push someone or something forward - ขับเคลื่อน, ขับดัน
  • proven: when facts, evidence, etc. show that something is true - พิสูจน์
  • radically: new and very different from what is typical or expected -
  • re-: to do again - อีก
  • recover (verb): to get something back (usually that has been lost or stolen) - ได้กลับคืนมา
  • reduce: to make something smaller or less in amount, size, importance etc - ลดลง
  • refurbishment (noun): cleaning and decorating a room, building, etc. in order to make it more attractive, more useful, etc - การทำใหม่ , การทำให้เป็นของใหม่
  • revolution (noun): a great change in conditions, ways of working, beliefs, etc. that affects large numbers of people - การเปลี่ยนแปลงอย่างสิ้นเชิง
  • rocket (noun): a vehicle shaped like a tube that travels very fast up into the air and space - จรวด, เครื่องยนต์จรวด, ขีปนาวุธหรือยานอวกาศที่ขับเคลื่อนด้วยจรวด, พลุ, พลุสัญญาณ, ดอกไม้ไฟ
  • satellite: an electronic device that is sent into space and moves around the earth or another planet. It is used for communicating by radio, television, etc. and for providing information - ดาวเทียม
  • scramble: to do something in a hurry - รีบเร่ง
  • scream: to cry or say something loudly and usually on a high note, especially because of strong emotions such as fear, excitement or anger - กรีดร้อง
  • scuff (verb): to scrape; to make a mark on the smooth surface of something when you rub it against something rough; to drag your feet along the ground, preventing you from moving, hitting, or kicking smoothly - ครูด
  • segment (noun): a part of something - ส่วน, ตอน
  • significant: large or important enough to have an effect or to be noticed - ซึ่งมีความหมาย
  • slash: (of a budget, price, etc.) to cut, especially by a large amount - ตัด
  • slightly: small in size or amount - เล็กน้อย
  • soar: to fly very high in the air or remain high in the air - บินสูงขึ้นไปในอากาศ
  • solid: having no holes or spaces inside; not hollow; hard or firm; not in the form of a liquid or gas - แข็ง, ของแข็ง
  • space: outer space; the area outside the earth's atmosphere where all the other planets and stars are - บริเวณนอกโลกซึ่งมีดาวดวงอื่นอยู่
  • space: an area or a place that is empty or that can be moved about freely - ที่ว่าง
  • stage: a part of an activity or process or a period of development - ช่วง, ระยะ, ตอน
  • touchdown: (of a plane or other aircraft) making contact with the ground as it lands - การนำลง
  • ultimately: finally, after a series of things have happened - ท้ายที่สุด, ตอนสุดท้าย, ในที่สุด
  • uncertain: not feeling sure about what to do, whether something is true etc - ไม่แน่ใจ, คลางแคลงใจ
  • upright (adj.): placed in a vertical position; - ที่ตั้งขึ้น, ที่ตั้งตรง
  • vacation: holiday; a period of time spent travelling or resting away from home - ลาพักผ่อน, ลาพักร้อน
  • various: several different - หลากหลาย, ซึ่งแตกต่างกัน
  • visionary: original and showing the ability to think about or plan the future with great imagination and intelligence - เพ้อฝัน,จินตนาการ
  • worth: having a value in money, etc - มีค่า, มีมูลค่า
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