Mixed results for Thailand in "unfair" US trafficking report (Updated)
Thai Foreign Ministry calls report unjustified
Thailand stepped up investigations of human trafficking last year but got even fewer results and prosecutions, leaving the country locked on the Tier 2 Watch List of the US State Department's annual listing. The Thai Foreign Ministry has now called the report 'unfair.
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Anti-trafficking activist Boom Mosby of Chiang Mai received a 'Hero's Award' from Ivanka Trump and US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson (second right) at the presentation of the annual US State Department report on Trafficking in Persons. (Reuters photo)
Ministry: US human trafficking report 'unfair'
The latest Trafficking in Persons Report by the US State Department does not do justice to Thailand's efforts to stop human trafficking over the past year, according to the Foreign Ministry.
"Thailand views that the Report has not done justice to the significant and tangible progress Thailand has made in various areas during the past year, including policy initiatives, prosecution of wrong-doers and complicit officials, prevention of potential victims, witness and victim protection, and partnership with various groups of stakeholders, both domestic and abroad," the ministry said in a statement issued on late on Tuesday night just after the TIP report was released.
WASHINGTON - Thailand stepped up investigations of human trafficking last year but got even fewer results and prosecutions, leaving the country locked on the Tier 2 Watch List of the US State Department's annual listing.
The disappointing outcome was reported just weeks ahead of an official visit to Washington by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha.
The government had hoped for a second consecutive promotion on the trafficking list ahead of a meeting between Gen Prayut and US President Donald Trump expected in the second half of July.
The "Tier 2 Watch List" includes Thailand and 44 other countries that make significant efforts to bring their actions against human trafficking into compliance with what the US calls its Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) standards.
The report gave this summary and reasoning for Thailand's ranking:
"The government of Thailand does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so."
- did not demonstrate increasing efforts compared with the previous reporting period
- did not aggressively prosecute and convict officials complicit in trafficking crimes
- identified fewer victims compared with the previous reporting period
- conducted a low number of labour trafficking investigations compared with the scale of the problem
- increased the number of inspection centres at fishing ports but identified relatively few victims and conducted few criminal investigations
- allowed officials involved in trafficking to impede anti-trafficking efforts
"Therefore, Thailand remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year."
As predicted, it placed China on the bottom rung, Tier 3, "among the world's worst offenders for allowing modern slavery to thrive within its borders".
Myanmar was upgraded to the Tier 2 Watch List from Tier 3, beside Thailand, among nations making significant efforts to meet minimum US standards.
Boom Mosby: scourge of northern sex traffickers
Afghanistan, Malaysia and Qatar were each upgraded to Tier 2.
A major bright spot for Thailand was the naming of Chiang Mai activist Boom Mosby as a "TIP Report Hero" in the publication
Ms Boom is a low-profile worker against child- and sex-trafficking in the North.
"The founder and director of the HUG Project is a passionate advocate for child victims of sexual abuse in Thailand and has been instrumental in the advancement of a victim-centered approach in Thai anti-trafficking efforts," the US report said.
Her Advocacy Centre for Children Thailand (ACT House) has supported more than 81 investigations and is credited with the arrest of more than 20 people connected to human trafficking.
Learn from listening
- abroad: in or to a foreign country - ในต่างประเทศ
- abuse (noun): cruel, violent or unfair treatment, especially of someone who does not have the power to prevent it - การข่มเหง, การปฏิบัติไม่ดีต่อ
- Act: a law passed by a country’s government - กฎหมาย
- activist: someone who takes part in activities that are intended to achieve political or social change, especially someone who is a member of an organisation - นักกิจกรรม
- advancement (noun): the process of helping something to make progress or succeed; the progress that is made - การพัฒนา, การรุดหน้า, ความเติบโต, ความคืบหน้า
- advocacy: strong public support for something - การสนับสนุน
- advocate: someone who strongly and publicly supports someone or something - ผู้สนับสนุน
- aggressively (adv): in a way that shows force and determination in order to succeed - อย่างตั้งใจจริง, อย่างมุ่งมั่น, อย่างแน่วแน่
- annual: happening once a year - ประจำปี
- arrest: (of the police) taking someone under control (usually taking them to a police station) because they are believed to have committed a crime - การจับกุม
- border: the official line separating two areas, regions or countries - เขตแดน อาณาเขต
- bright spot: something successful or good -
- cited: mentioned as an example, explanation or proof of something else - อ้าง, กล่าวอ้าง
- compliance: the practice of obeying a law, rule, or request - การยอมทำตาม
- complicit: involved in or knowing about something bad that happens - เข้าไปเกี่ยวข้อง สมรู้ร่วมคิด
- conduct: to do something in an organised way; to carry out — - ลงมือทำ, ดำเนิน, ปฏิบัติ
- consecutive: following one after another in order - ติดต่อกัน
- convict: to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime - พิสูจน์ว่าผิดกฎหมาย
- credit: to believe or say that somebody/something is responsible for doing something, especially something good - ให้เกียรติ, ยกย่อง, ให้เครดิต
- crimes (noun): illegal activities or actions - อาชญากรรม
- criminal: relating to illegal acts - เกี่ยวกับอาชญากรรม
- demonstrate: to show something clearly - แสดงให้เห็น
- disappointing: not as good, successful, etc. as you had hoped; making you feel disappointed - น่าผิดหวัง, ผิดคาด
- do justice (idiom): to treat or represent somebody/something fairly, especially in a way that shows how good, attractive, etc. they are - บรรยายให้เห็นภาพ
- domestic: inside the country being talked about - ภายในประเทศ
- efforts (noun): attempts to do something - ความพยายาม
- Foreign Ministry (noun): Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the ministry in charge of maintaining relations with other countries and looking after the interests of its citizens living abroad. - กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ
- founder (noun): a person who establishes an institution, business, or organisation - ผู้ก่อตั้ง
- gain (noun): gradually getting more of something - การเพิ่ม
- human trafficking: the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others (Source: Wikipedia) - การค้ามนุษย์
- identified (verb): named, searched for a discovered - ระบุ
- initiative: a new action or movement, often intended to solve a problem - ความคิดริเริ่ม
- inspection: an official process of checking that things are in the correct condition or that people are doing what they should - การตรวจสอบตรวจตรา
- instrumental: involved in an important way in making something happen - เป็นเครื่องมือ, มีประโยชน์
- investigation: the process of trying to find out all the details or facts about something - การสอบสวน
- issue: to announce something officially - ออกประกาศ
- labour: people whose job involves hard physical work that is not skilled, especially work that is done outdoors - กรรมกร, ผู้ใช้แรงงาน
- listing (noun): list; a series of names, items, figures, etc., especially when they are written or printed - รายชื่อ, บัญชีรายชื่อ, รายการ
- locked (verb): fastened with a lock; prevented from going somewhere - ล๊อค, ปิดกั้น
- low-profile: avoiding attention - อย่างเงียบ เพื่อเลี่ยงความสนใจ
- minimum: the lowest possible; the lowest allowed - ต่ำที่สุด, น้อยที่สุด
- offender: a person who is guilty of a crime - ผู้กระทำความผิด
- official: done by people in authority or decided by the government; announced publicly - เป็นทางการ
- outcome: a result - ผล
- passionate: having a strong enthusiasm or interest in something - กระตือรือร้น, ซาบซึ้ง, ดูดดื่ม
- predict: to say that an event or action will happen in the future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience - คาดการณ์ว่า พยากรณ์จากสถิติว่า
- promotion (noun): moving to a higher level; moving to a job at a higher level - การเลื่อนตำแหน่ง
- prosecute: to officially accuse someone of a crime and ask a court of law to judge them - ดำเนินคดี
- prosecution: the process of accusing someone of a crime and asking a court of law to judge them - การดำเนินคดีตามกฎหมาย
- protection: the act of protecting somebody/something; the state of being protected - การอารักขา, การปกป้อง
- publication: the act of printing something in a newspaper, report, etc. so that the public knows about it - การพิมพ์, การแจ้งข่าว, การประกาศ
- ranking: the position of somebody/something on a scale that shows how good or important they are in relation to other similar people or things, especially in sport - อันดับ
- reasoning: the process of thinking about things in a logical way; opinions and ideas that are based on logical thinking - เหตุผล, การใช้เหตุผล, การอ้างเหตุผล
- relatively: somewhat; in comparison with someone or something similar - ค่อนข้าง
- release: to allow something to be shown or known to the public or to be available for use - เปิดเผย, ปล่อยข่าว
- rung (noun): one of the bars that forms a step in a ladder; level; tier - ขั้นบันได, ชั้น
- scale: the size or extent of something, especially when compared with something else - ขนาด, ระดับ
- scourge: something that causes a lot of trouble or harm - โรคระบาด การลงโทษ
- Secretary of State (noun): (in the US) the head of the government department that deals with foreign affairs - รัฐมนตรีต่างประเทศของสหรัฐอเมริกา
- significant: large or important enough to have an effect or to be noticed - ซึ่งมีความหมาย
- slavery: the practice of owning people , of having "slaves" - ความเป็นทาส, การเป็นทาส
- stakeholder: someone who has an interest in the success of a plan, system, or organization, for example a worker in a company or the parent of a child at a school - ผู้ถือผลประโยชน์ร่วม
- standards: rules for behaving which should be obeyed - มาตรฐาน, บรรทัดฐาน, กฎเกณฑ์, กรอบ
- State Department (noun): the US government department of foreign affairs - กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ (อเมริกัน)
- statement: something that you say or write that gives information or an opinion - แถลงการณ์, คำแถลง
- stepped up: increased - เพิ่ม
- summary (noun): a short statement that gives only the main points of something, not the details - ใจความสรุป, ใจความสำคัญ, สาระสำคัญ
- upgrade (verb): to give something a higher level of importance - ยกระดับ
- victims : people who are killed injured or harmed in some way from an accident, natural disaster, crime, etc. - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย
- witness: someone who tells a court or investigators what they know about a crime or other legal case. - พยาน