Well-known Forest monk passes away | Bangkok Post: learning

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Well-known Forest monk passes away

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Luangta Maha Bua Yannasampanno, one of Thailand's most famous monks, passed away yesterday at the age of 98.

Monks pay respect to Luangta Maha Bua Yannasampanno at his living quarters at Wat Pa Ban Tad in Udon Thani’s Muang district. The abbot passed away early yesterday. YUTTAPONG KUMNODNEA

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Forest monk passes away at 98

POST REPORTERS

Revered abbot Luangta Maha Bua Yannasampanno has passed away  at the Wat Pa Ban Tad  forest temple in Udon Thani province. He was 98.

The director of Udon Thani Hospital, Pichart Dolchalermyuthana, said the abbot's condition deteriorated at 2.49am yesterday and he passed away at 3.53am.

Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn was at the abbot's bedside until his last moments and she personally announced his death.

Crowds of followers joined the princess in offering alms to monks yesterday morning in a traditional merit-making ceremony for the abbot.

The princess also presided over a royally sponsored bathing rite on behalf of Their Majesties the King and Queen last night.

Royal wreaths have been placed at a pavilion where the abbot's coffin is laid. His Majesty the King also presented an urn and will sponsor religious rites for the abbot for seven days.

Udon Thani governor Khomsan Ekachai said religious rites would continue for a month before authorities decide on a cremation schedule.

Luangta Maha Bua expressed in his will, made in 2000, that he wished all donations he received would be spent on buying gold, and that the gold, together with earlier donations, would be handed to the Bank of Thailand to add to the country's reserves.

Luangta Maha Bua was widely regarded as a living ''arahant'', a monk who has attained spiritual liberation after having extinguished all worldly desires.

He used temple donations to support numerous charities, hospitals, schools, homes for the disadvantaged and shelters for abandoned animals.

After the economic meltdown of 1997, Luangta Maha Bua took advantage of his nationwide popularity to raise over 12 tonnes of gold and about 300 million baht in cash in various denominations to replenish the depleted foreign reserves.

But Luangta Maha Bua also courted political controversy when, in 2005, he publicly criticised Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.

Luangta Maha Bua fiercely questioned Thaksin's appointment of Somdet Phra Phuttacharn, abbot of Wat Saket in Bangkok, as acting supreme patriarch.

He viewed the appointment as a gross violation of royal powers and an attempt to control the clergy.

Luangta Maha Bua became seriously ill in November. He was treated by physicians at Wat Pa Ban Tad.
 
He was born in 1913 to a rice- farming family of 16 in the village of Ban Tad in Udon Thani.

He agreed to a request from his parents to be ordained in 1934 when he was 21 years old. It was intended to be a short monkhood, as is customary for many young men, but he soon became committed to a spiritual quest.

Luangta Maha Bua was a disciple of the late Ajarn Mun Bhuridatto, a charismatic leader of the forest monk tradition in the Northeast.

While urban monks focus on the studies of Buddhist texts, forest monks devote themselves to rigorous meditation and a life of simplicity close to nature as the path to spiritual liberation. Ajarn Mun was also revered as an arahant.

The death of his teacher in 1949 prompted Luangta to practise rigorously in the seclusion of the forested mountains. His spiritual breakthrough reportedly came six months later.

In 1997, he talked to his followers about death. He said this lifetime was his last and he would never be born again. His followers took this as a confirmation of him becoming a spiritually enlightened monk.

Luangta Maha Bua also took the occasion to prohibit chanting at his funeral ceremony, calling it unnecessary. He also prohibited the temple from using his dead body to attract visitors and donations. He said he would prefer his funeral to be simple because the Buddha taught simplicity.

pay respect to – to show deep feeling of admiration for someone แสดงความเคารพ
quarters – rooms that are provided for people (monks, soldiers, servants, etc.) to live in ที่พักอาศัย
pass away – to die จากไป (ตาย), เสียชีวิต
revered – highly respected and admired ซึ่งแสดงความเคารพนับถือ
abbot – the head monk at a temple เจ้าอาวาส
condition – the physical state of a person or animal, especially how healthy they are อาการ, สุขภาพ
deteriorate – to become worse เลวร้ายลง
last moments – the end of someone’s life
alms – food, money, and other items that are given to Buddhist monks;  money, clothes and food that are given to poor people ของทำบุญ ของบริจาค
traditional – of a custom, a way of life or a way of doing things that has not changed for a long time ตามธรรมเนียม, ประเพณี ดั้งเดิม ตามที่ปฏิบัติกันมา
merit-making – merit-making doing good things according to religious beliefs การทำบุญ
ceremony – a formal public event งานพิธี
preside – to be in charge of a ceremony, official meeting, or other event (ทรง) เป็นประธานในพิธี
rite – a traditional ceremony, especially a religious one พิธีกรรม (พระราชพิธี)
on behalf of – as a representative of ในนามของ ในฐานะของ
wreath – a circle of flowers or leaves that you put on a grave to show that you are remembering the dead person พวงหรีด
pavilion – a building or tent at a special ceremony, exhibition or show พลับพลา, ปะรำ, ศาลา
coffin – a box in which a dead body is buried or cremated โลงศพ
urn – a container for the ashes of a dead person after the body has been burnt พระโกศ
authorities – people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
cremation – the burning of a dead body การเผาศพ (งานพระราชทานเพลิงพระศพ)
will – a legal document that explains what you want to be done with your money and property after you die พินัยกรรม
donation – money or goods that you give to an organisation, especially one that helps people เงินหรือสิ่งของบริจาค
(foreign) reserves – the amount of foreign currency or gold held by a national bank, which is used for dealing with the national banks of other countries เงินสำรอง
regarded as – considered to be ถือว่า
attain – to succeed in getting something, usually after a lot of effort บรรลุผล,สำเร็จ,ได้มา,ถึง,ได้ความรู้
spiritual – religious, or related to religious issues เกี่ยวกับศาสนา
liberation – (in Buddhism) freedom from suffering; Nirvana วิมุตติ, สถานที่สงบสุข
extinguish – to destroy or get rid of something ดับ, ทำให้หมดไป
desire – a strong wish to have or do something ความอยาก, ความประสงค์, ความต้องการ
numerous – many มากมาย
charity – an organisation to which you give money so that it can give money and help to people who are poor or ill, or who need advice and support กิจการกุศล, มูลนิธิ
disadvantaged – not having the things, such as education, or enough money, that people need in order to succeed in life ด้อยโอกาส, ผู้เสียเปรียบในสังคม    
shelter – a place where people are protected from danger or bad weather; a temporary place to stay ที่หลบภัย  ที่พักชั่วคราว
abandoned – left and no longer wanted or used ที่ถูกละทิ้ง
meltdown – a sudden and complete failure of a system, organisation or company การล่มสลายอย่างกระทันหัน
take advantage – to use the good things in a situation ใช้เป็นประโยชน์
nationwide – throughout a whole country  ทั่วทั้งประเทศ
popularity – a situation in which someone or something is liked by many people ความเป็นที่นิยม, ความเป็นที่ชื่นชอบ
cash – money in the form of notes or coins เงินสด
denomination – a unit of value, especially of money  หน่วยเงิน
replenish – to make something full again by replacing what has been used  เติมเต็มใหม่
deplete – to reduce something by a large amount so that there is not enough left ทำให้หมดสิ้นหรือลดน้อยลงมาก
court – to do something that might result in something unpleasant happening เสี่ยง
controversy – a strong disagreement, especially about a public policy or moral issue ความขัดแย้ง  ประเด็นข้อขัดแย้ง
criticise – to say that you disapprove of somebody/something; to say what you do not like or think is wrong about somebody/something วิจารณ์, ติเตียน,จับผิด
fiercely – very strongly อย่างรุนแรง, อย่างดุเดือด
acting – doing the work of the usual person in a particular job while they are not there, or until a new person starts ที่รักษาการแทน
Supreme Patriarch – the head of the Buddhist monks in Thailand พระสังฆราช
appointment – when someone is officially chosen for a job การแต่งตั้ง
gross – extreme and unreasonable เลวร้าย
violation – an action that is against a law, agreement, principle, etc. การฝ่าฝืน
clergy – the priests or ministers of a religion คณะสงฆ์, คณะพระคริสต์
physician – a doctor, especially one who is a specialist in general medicine and not surgery หมอ,แพทย์, นายแพทย์
ordain – to officially make someone a monk or priest in a religious ceremony บวช อุปสมบท
customary - being a way of behaving which has been established for a long time เป็นธรรมเนียม
committed – loyal and willing to give your time and energy to something that you believe in
quest – a long search for something, especially for some quality such as happiness การแสวงหา
disciple – someone who admires a famous person such as a political or religious leader and is influenced by them ลูกศิษย์, สานุศิษย์
late – dead ที่ล่วงลับไปแล้ว
charismatic – having a strong personal quality that makes other people like them and be attracted to them ที่มีเสน่ห์ดึงดูด
urban – of or in a city or town ในเมือง
devote – to spend a lot of time or effort doing something อุทิศ,สละ,ใส่ใจ
rigorous – done carefully and with a lot of attention to detail  อย่างเข้มงวด,  อย่างเคร่งครัด
meditation – the practice of thinking deeply in silence, especially for religious reasons or in order to make your mind calm การทำสมาธิ, วิปัสสนา
simplicity – the quality of being natural and plain; the quality of being easy to understand or use ความเรียบง่าย, ความถ่อมตัว, ความง่าย    
prompt – to cause someone to take action กระตุ้น
seclusion – the state of being private or of having little contact with other people การแยกตัว,การเก็บตัว,การตัดขาดจากโลกภายนอก
breakthrough – an achievement that comes after a lot of hard work การพัฒนาหรือการค้นพบที่ยิ่งใหญ่, การบุกเข้าไปในแนวเขตของคู่ต่อสู้
enlightened – (Buddhism) having deep undestanding into the meaning and purpose of all things พุทธะ, ตรัสรู้
occasion – a time at which something happens โอกาส
prohibit – to not allow; to ban ห้าม
chant – to sing a word or phrase again and again   การสวดมนต์ หรือ ร้องเพลงสวด
attract – to cause someone to be interested in something ดึงดูดความสนใจ
funeral – a ceremony that takes place after someone dies, usually including a religious ceremony งานศพ

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