Teenagers not using condoms, taking risks

Teenagers not using condoms, taking risks

Trend in teenage misuse of emergency contraceptives creates public health risk of HIV/Aids spreading.

glow in the dark condom

If the government handed out for free these fascinating FDA approved glow-in-the-dark condoms, maybe people would use condoms more and protect themselves from HIV/AIDS and other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) (See Wikipedia and history of the condom). What do you think?

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CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS: Pharmacists warn misuse could spread Aids by Apiradee Treerutkuarkul

Pharmacists have warned that misunderstandings about the use of emergency contraceptive pills among teenagers could lead to the spread of HIV/Aids in Thailand.

The warning was issued yesterday at a seminar entitled "Attitudes Toward Use of Emergency Contraceptive Pills: Danger of HIV/Aids Infection and Unwanted Pregnancies" held by the Thai Health Promotion Foundation.

The seminar presented a survey showing that most teenagers gave priority to using emergency contraceptive pills rather than using condoms because they believed using the pills would be more effective in preventing pregnancy.

But at the same time they were not very concerned about the high possibility of contracting HIV/Aids and other sexually-transmitted diseases if they did not use condoms during sex.

Pharmacist Niyada Kiatyingungsulee, manager of the Thai Drug System Watch (TDSW), which conducted the survey, said what was even worse was that some teenagers also misunderstood that taking the pills would cause an abortion.

"These birth control pills should be used only for emergency reasons such as being raped or condoms tearing during sex," said Ms Niyada.

The pharmacist said teenagers needed to understand that condom use was still important besides taking emergency contraceptive pills.

Their misunderstandings about the use of the pills could lead to growing problems of HIV/Aids and other sexually-transmitted diseases as well as unwanted pregnancies.

Ms Niyada said she was also worried about an increase in the use of birth control pills among teenagers, saying this could lead to unsafe sex behaviour which needed to be tackled.

According to a survey by TDSW, about 8 million packs of contraceptive pills are sold each year with a value of more than 600 million baht.

The survey also found most customers were teenagers aged 16-20, followed by those aged 21-25 and 26-30.

On average, about 6.5 pill packs were sold each day at each drugstore. Some could sell up to 25 packs a day. The price ranged between 30-40 baht per pack which teenagers could afford.

Pharmacist Sombat Kaewchinda, of the Community Pharmacy Association (Thailand) Committee, said contraceptive pills and pregnancy tests were a major source of income for some drugstores.

There were about 13,000 pharmacies across the country. But the Public Health Ministry's Food and Drug Administration has not come up with any measures to control the pills which are still available over the counter, he said.

Mr Sombat said it might be difficult to ask for cooperation from pharmacies around the country to refrain from selling these birth control pills which were still considered a pharmaceutical product.

(Source: Bangkok Post, CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS, Pharmacists warn misuse could spread Aids, 25/03/2011, Apiradee Treerutkuarkul, link

Birth Control and STD Vocabulary:

condom -
a latex cover put on a man's erect penis to block ejaculated semen from entering the body of his sex partner, used to reduce the probability of pregnancy and spreading sexually transmitted diseases (STDs—such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV) (See Wikipedia)
FDA approved -
in the US the government agency known as the "FDA" tests and approves drugs, foods and other health-related items such as condoms (See Wikipedia)

- when a baby is growing inside a woman
pregnancy test - a test that looks at urine or blood and sees if chemical markers for pregnancy are present (See Wikipedia)

birth control  -
all the techniques and methods to prevent or interrupt pregnancy, "includes contraception (the prevention of fertilization), contragestion (preventing the implantation of the blastocyst) and abortion (the removal or expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus). Contraception includes barrier methods, such as condoms or diaphragm, hormonal contraception, also known as oral contraception, and injectable contraceptives. Contragestives, also known as post-coital birth control, include intrauterine devices and what is known as the morning after pill" (See Wikipedia)
abortion - the ending or termination of pregnancy, when the baby is removed from the mother before she gives birth to it thus ending the pregnancy (See Wikipedia)

(noun) - a method or a device that a women (or her partner) uses to prevent her from becoming pregnant (See Wikipedia)
contraceptive (adjective)  
birth control pills - pills taken by a woman to prevent her from getting pregnant while having sex (See Wikipedia)
oral contraceptive pills -same as "birth control pills
contraceptive pills - same as "birth control pills

emergency - an unexpected situation involving danger in which immediate action is necessary เหตุฉุกเฉิน
emergency contraception - birth control measures taken after sex to prevent pregnancy (See Wikipedia)
emergency contraceptive pills - pills taken after sex to prevent pregnancy (See Wikipedia)

sexually-transmitted disease (STD) - a disease that people get through sex with a carrier of the disease, also known as a "venereal disease" (See Wikipedia)
contracting - catching a disease from another person

safe sex - "sexual activity engaged in by people who have taken precautions to protect themselves against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as AIDS" (See Wikipedia)
unsafe sex behaviour - sex between people who do not protect themselves against disease

HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the virus that causes AIDS, passed from one person to the other through infected blood and body fluids, that causes immune system failure and debilitation, "while there is no cure for HIV, it can be treated with medications aimed at slowing the replication of the virus in the body"(See Wikipedia)

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, "a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles,"  caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)" (See Wikipedia)

pharmaceutical - connected with the production of medicines เกี่ยวกับเภสัชกรรม, เกี่ยวกับยา
drugs - another word for "medicine" (informal and may be confused with "illegal drugs")
over the counter -  medicine that can be bought without a doctor's permission (prescription) (See Wikipedia)

pharmacist - experts in the use of medicines, "participate in disease-state management, where they optimize and monitor the drug therapy or interpret medical laboratory results – in collaboration with physicians and/or other health professionals. Advances into prescribing medication and in providing members of the public with health advice and services are occurring in many countries. Pharmacists have many areas of expertise and are a critical source of medical knowledge in clinics, hospitals, medical laboratories and community pharmacies throughout the world" (See Wikipedia)
Pharmacy - 1. a store that sells drugs (pharmaceuticals)
drugstore - a pharmacy, a store that sells drugs (as well as other things such as soaps, beauty products and other products used in the bathroom)

Other Vocabulary:

glow-in-the-dark - containing chemicals that make it glow after the lights are turned off (See Wikipedia)
fascinating -
very interesting

hand out -
give to large numbers of people for free
- made available ออกใหม่
entitled - having the right to have or do something มีสิทธิโดยชอบ

survey - gathering information about what people think about different subjects (public opionion) by asking large numbers of people questions and counting their answers, and then using statistics, graphs, and tables to present results (See Wikipedia) การสำรวจความเห็น
conduct survey - do a survey, carry out a survey

priority - something important that must be done first or needs more attention than anything else การให้ลำดับความสำคัญ
gave priority to - consider most important, deal with first because it is more important
effective - works well, gets the job done, producing the result that was intended ได้ผลดี
concerned - worried about something มีความกังวล

misunderstandings - things that people think are true, but are not true
tackle a problem - solve a problem, deal with a problem
afford - to have enough money to be able to pay for something มีเงินพอจับจ่าย ซื้อหา มีเงิน/ทุนพอ สามารถทำได้

source - the place or person something comes from or starts at, or the cause of something ต้นกำเนิด, แหล่งกำเนิด
income - money that people receive from work or some other source, used for household consumption and savings
major source of income - one way that a person or company makes a large percentage of their income

measures - actions taken to deal with a problem มาตราการ
cooperation - working together towards a goal, a situation in which people or organisations work together to achieve a result that will benefit all of them การร่วมมือกัน, การทำงานร่วมกัน
refrain - to stop yourself from doing something ระงับ เลิก

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