Fat dog = unhappy dog + short life | Bangkok Post: learning

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Fat dog = unhappy dog + short life

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A weight loss program may make life more comfortable during the hot season & save your dog from an early death from diabetes, heart disease or cancer.

fat pug

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PET SOCIETY

What to do if your dog is Overweight

Ways to losing those extra pounds
18/04/2012

Just like people, dogs and cats should maintain a healthy body weight. Overweight and obese pets are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems such as diabetes, respiratory conditions, arthritis, and even behavioural issues. So, monitoring your pet's weight and body condition carefully and regularly is important.

OVERWEIGHT HEALTH RISKS

If you feel your dog is overweight, consult your veterinarian to determine if your canine has any other medical problems before starting a weight-loss programme. The health risks to overweight dogs are serious and as the owner, you should be aware of them. The most common complications include diabetes, damage to joints, bones and ligaments, heart disease and increased blood pressure, difficulty breathing, less endurance and stamina, heat intolerance, decreased liver function, increased surgical and anaesthetic risk, digestive disorders, decreased immune function, skin and coat problems and increased risk of cancer

Additionally, overweight dogs tend to be more irritable due to being hot, in pain, or uncomfortable, and most of them die at a younger age than those that maintain an optimum weight.

To help your dog slim down, reduce the amount of calories it consumes. Cut out table scraps and treats, as these are often high in calories, and always keep track of what your dog eats. Always consult your vet for suggestions on reducing the amount you are feeding, or for help with organising a special low-calorie diet.

Spayed or neutered dogs are more likely to be obese as their metabolism may slow.

Remember, lifestyle and exercise is important to encourage healthy weight-loss. Adding an extra 10-minute walk or 20 minutes of play time each day not only has the additional benefit of helping your dog to lose weight and keep healthy, but can be very useful for strengthening your bond with your dog.

HOW DO I DETERMINE IF MY DOG IS OVERWEIGHT?

The first step in deciding whether your dog is overweight is to feel around his ribs and spine. You should be able to locate both, with only a thin layer of fat separating the skin from the bones. If you cannot find the ribcage, you might have an overweight dog.

Secondly, ask your vet to evaluate your pet's condition at every visit and ask for his optimal weight at each stage of growth. As a rule of thumb, 15% above the ideal weight is deemed obese; zero to 15% is overweight.

Alternatively, compare your dog to the following Body Condition Scoring (BCS) system to find out whether your dog is overweight, underweight or at a healthy weight.

For more information on dealing with an overweight dog, contact our experts on 02-887-8321—3 or www.facebook.com/talingchanpet

[Note: See another version with pictures here, also UK version and pdf version]

VERY THIN

Ribs: Easily felt with no fat cover

Tail base: Bones are raised, with no tissue between the skin and bone

Side view: Severe abdominal tuck

Overhead view: Accentuated hourglass shape

UNDERWEIGHT

Ribs: Easily felt with little fat cover

Tail base: Bones are raised with minimal tissue between the skin and bone

Side view: Abdominal tuck

Overhead view: Marked hourglass shape

IDEAL

Ribs: Easily felt with slight fat cover

Tail base: Smooth contour, but bones can be felt under a thin layer of fat

Side view: Abdominal tuck

Overhead view: Well-proportioned lumbar waist

OVERWEIGHT

Ribs: Difficult to feel with moderate fat cover

Tail base: Some thickening, but bones can be felt under a moderate layer of fat

Side view: No abdominal tuck or waist

Overhead view: Back is slightly broadened

OBESE

Ribs: Difficult to feel under thick fat cover

Tail base: Thickened and difficult to feel under a prominent layer of fat

Side view: Fat hangs from the abdominal and there is no waist

Overhead view: Markedly broadened

(Source: Bangkok Post, PET SOCIETY, What to do if your dog is Overweight, Ways to losing those extra pounds, 18/04/2012, link)

Dog Weight Control Vocabulary

veterinarian
- an animal doctor; a person with a medical degree trained to take care of the health of animals สัตวแพทย์ (See Wikipedia)
vet - the short way to say "veterinarian"
consult - ask someone about a problem you have (give you expert advice)
consult your vet -
ask your veterinarian about your pet's health problem  

canine - related to dogs

overweight - fat, "having more body fat than is optimally healthy. Being overweight is a common condition, especially where food supplies are plentiful and lifestyles are sedentary," exact definition is from zero to 15% above ideal weight (See Wikipedia)
obesity (noun) - very fat; exact definition is over 15% above ideal weight   (See Wikipedia)
obese (adjective)
obesity-related health problems

obesity in pets -
(See Wikipedia)

weight-loss - when a person's weight decreases over time
weight-loss programme - a diet and program of exercise that a person does every day to lose weight (See Wikipedia)

[Note: Why We Get Fat: And What To Do About It by Gary Taubes is a thorough and very readable review of weight and weight loss in humans and has sparked much debate and controversy over the best approach to losing weight.]


sedentary lifestyle - when a person or dog does not walk or move around in their life and does not exercise

risk - danger, how likely or possible it is for a bad event that causes harm and damage ความเสี่ยง
health risk - the danger that a person will suffer from a disease or health condition
overweight health risks -
the danger that a person will suffer from a disease in the future because they are fat now

maintain
- to keep; to keep at the same level; keep in good condition  รักษา
maintain a healthy body weight - keeping your weight at the same level all the time (not letting it go up and become overweight)

diabetes
- a serious medical condition in which your body does not produce enough insulin to reduce the amount of sugar in the blood, regular injections of the hormone insulin are often necessary โรคเบาหวาน (See Wikipedia)

respiratory
- relating to the process of breathing air in and out เกี่ยวกับการหายใจ ระบบทางเดินหายใจ
respiratory system - the system in the body of a human or animal that gets air into the lungs and oxygen into the blood (See Wikipedia)
lungs -
the large sacks in the chest that air is breathed into and through which oxygen in the air is passed to blood and waste carbon dioxide from cells and body tissue in the blood is passed out of the body with each breath  ปอด (See Wikipedia)
respiratory conditions -
diseases and health problems in the lungs and respiratory system (See Wikipedia)

arthritis -
a common condition in older dogs with the cartilage in the joints of the limbs (arms, legs) wearing away and disappearing over time causing much pain and inability to walk (lameness), treatment include medicine such as pain killers, corticosteroids and joint fluid modifiers such as glycosaminoglycans, surgery, massage, warm compresses, chiropractic, and acupuncture, also called "osteoarthritis" (See Wikipedia)

behaviour
(noun) - the kinds of things that a person normally does พฤติกรรม
behavioural (adjective) 

issues
- an important subect that people are discussing and debating about ประเด็น
behavioural issues - negative things that a person or animal do (with a negative effect on others) that need to be changed

monitoring
- watching something closely and checking for problems จับตาด
monitoring weight and body condition

Just like people, dogs and cats should maintain a healthy body weight. Overweight and obese pets are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems such as diabetes, respiratory conditions, arthritis, and even behavioural issues. So, monitoring your pet's weight and body condition carefully and regularly is important.

determine - to officially find out or decide something ชี้ขาด ตัดสินใจ decide what will happen กำหนด
aware - knowing that something exists, or having knowledge or experience of a particular thing ทราบ

complications
- additional medical problems which make it more difficult to treat an existing illness อาการแทรกซ้อน โรคแทรกซ้อน
common complications

joint -
 a place in the body where two bones make contact, move and provide support to the body ข้อต่อ (See Wikipedia)
shoulder joint - ข้อต่อไหล่  (See Wikipedia)

bone
- the hard things that provide a body with structure and protect the brain (skull), heart and lungs (ribcage) กระดูก (See Wikipedia)
ligament - 
a fibrous tissue or material that connects bones to other bones, different from a tendon that connects bone to muscle เอ็น, เอ็นยึด (See Wikipedia)

blood
pressure - the pressure or force of blood on blood vessels as the blood is pumped from the heart through arteries, capillaries and veins, higher blood pressure over long periods of time is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease ความดันเลือด (See Wikipedia)
risk factor - some body condition or activity associated with or correlated with getting a disease, example: smoking cigarettes is a risk factor for lung cancer (See Wikipedia)

cardiovascular disease -
diseases of the heart and blood vessels (See Wikipedia)
heat intolerance -
does not like to be in hot places

endurance
- the ability to continue doing something that is physically difficult (like running) for a long time
stamina -
the ability to work hard for a long time without getting tired

liver - the largest and heaviest organ in the body that performs many functions "including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion....This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production... It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion via the emulsification of lipids. The liver's highly specialized tissues regulate a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions, including the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules, many of which are necessary for normal vital functions" (See Wikipedia)
function - to work or operate in a normal way เป็นปกติ ใช้การได้ปกติ
liver function - the ability of the liver to do all the things it needs to do

anaesthetic
- a substance that makes you unable to feel pain ยาชา,ยาสลบ
anaesthetic risk - the risk of a drug side-effect when a patient is given anesthetic during surgery 
drug side-effect - adverse drug reaction (ADR), bad unexpected things from drugs for medical purposes (See Wikipedia)

immune system
- the system in the body that protects animals and humans from disease (See Wikipedia)
immune function - how well a person or animal's immune system works

coat -
the fur or hair on the skin of an animal (such as a dog or cat) (See Wikipedia and for dogs)

If you feel your dog is overweight, consult your veterinarian to determine if your canine has any other medical problems before starting a weight-loss programme. The health risks to overweight dogs are serious and as the owner, you should be aware of them. The most common complications include diabetes, damage to joints, bones and ligaments, heart disease and increased blood pressure, difficulty breathing, less endurance and stamina, heat intolerance, decreased liver function, increased surgical and anaesthetic risk, digestive disorders, decreased immune function, skin and coat problems and increased risk of cancer

irritate (verb) - do something to make another person angry, annoyed or impatient
irritable (adjective) - become easily angry or annoyed by things that other people do
tend - usually; to be likely to behave in a particular way or have a particular characteristic มักจะ
tend to be more irritable - get angry easily

optimum
- the best possible
optimum weight - the best weight (for a person or a dog)

slim -
thin, not fat
slim down -
become thin (lose weight and fat)

calorie -
a unit for measuring how much energy comes from eating food; people worried about their weight often worry about eating less calories (See Wikipedia)
consume calories -
gain calories by eating food

diet  -
1. the food that a person or animal eats regularly; 2. a special program of eating to lose weight 
low-calorie diet -
a diet to help lose weight

table scraps - pieces of food on the table that no one ate (and will be thrown away)
treats -
special food (given to animals or small children, that they like a lot but may not be the healthiest thing they could eat) 
keep track of -
watch carefully; monitor

neuter -
surgery on an animal so that it cannot make babies (the removal of an animal's reproductive organ, either all of it or a considerably large part) (See Wikipedia and early neutering)
neutered dog

spay -
neutering (this word is only used for female or girl dogs)
spayed dog

metabolism - the chemical processes in the body's cells that produce the energy and substances necessary for life (See Wikipedia and Mayo Clinic, BBC and About.com on metabolism and weight loss) 

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
- the amount of daily energy expended by humans and other animals at rest (See Wikipedia)

slow metabolism -
slow basal metabolic rate ("BMR decreases with age generally (as people usually don't maintain lean body mass) and with the loss of lean body mass") 
fast metabolism -
fast basal metabolic rate (anaerobic exercise such as weight-lifting and increasing muscle mass (lean body mass) increases BMR) (See Wikipedia)

Additionally, overweight dogs tend to be more irritable due to being hot, in pain, or uncomfortable, and most of them die at a younger age than those that maintain an optimum weight. To help your dog slim down, reduce the amount of calories it consumes. Cut out table scraps and treats, as these are often high in calories, and always keep track of what your dog eats. Always consult your vet for suggestions on reducing the amount you are feeding, or for help with organising a special low-calorie diet. Spayed or neutered dogs more are likely to be obese as their metabolism may slow.

lifestyle - the living conditions and things people do everyday (fashion, home decoration, pets, cooking, music, tv, movies, garden, etc) รูปแบบการดำเนินชีวิต
encourage
- make people interested in and excited about doing an activity ปลุกใจ
benefit - to get help or an advantage from something ผลประโยชน์
bond - something that gives people a reason to love one another or feel they have a duty to one another ผูกมัด

Remember, lifestyle and exercise is important to encourage healthy weight-loss. Adding an extra 10-minute walk or 20 minutes of play time each day not only has the additional benefit of helping your dog to lose weight and keep healthy, but can be very useful for strengthening your bond with your dog. The first step in deciding whether your dog is overweight is to feel around his ribs and spine. You should be able to locate both, with only a thin layer of fat separating the skin from the bones. If you cannot find the ribcage, you might have an overweight dog.Secondly, ask your vet to evaluate your pet's condition at every visit and ask for his optimal weight at each stage of growth. As a rule of thumb, 15% above the ideal weight is deemed obese; zero to 15% is overweight. Alternatively, compare your dog to the following Body Condition Scoring (BCS) system to find out whether your dog is overweight, underweight or at a healthy weight. For more information on dealing with an overweight dog, contact our experts on 02-887-8321—3 

Body Condition Scoring (BCS) system - a system created by Purina Corporation to judge how fat your dog is (See one version with pictures here, also UK version and pdf version)

ribs
spine
ribcage
locate - to find where something is หาทำเล,หาที่ตั้ง
layer - a thin sheet of a substance ชั้น
thin layer of fat
ideal - the best possible ดีที่สุด ที่เป็นอุดมคติ
ideal weight
optimal -
Same as "ideal"
optimal weight 
optimal weight at each stage of growth
rule of thumb - an easy to use rule for determining something
deemed - considered เห็นว่า ถือว่า
deemed obese
contact - to communicate with someone ติดต่อ
tissue - the substance that animal and plant cells are made of เนื้อเยื้อ
abdominal - involving the front part of your body below your waist ช่องท้อง (ช่องพระนาภี)
waist - the middle part of the body that is narrower than the parts above and below เอว
stage - a part of an activity or process or a period of development ระยะ, ช่วง, ตอน a particular point in time during a process or set of events จังหวะเวลา
minimal - very small in amount น้อยที่สุด, น้อยมาก
moderate - neither very great nor very small in strength, size, amount or degree ระดับปานกลาง
prominent - easily seen or noticed




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