Oil spill: Threat to shellfish farms (slide show)

Oil spill: Threat to shellfish farms (slide show)

Medium-sized tanker sinks off coast near Bangkok, spilling oil & damaging seafood farms in the area.

Workers try to remove oil from the Tha Chin River after a tanker sank near the river’s mouth in Samut Sakhon’s Muang district. Authorities were able to salvage the sunken vessel as efforts are under way to contain the oil spill which is threatening seafood farms in the area. Thanarak Khoonton

ENVIRONMENT

Crews salvage oil spill tanker

10/04/2014

Paritta Wangkiat

The Marine Department and local authorities have successfully salvaged a medium-sized tanker that capsized off the Maha Chai coast in Samut Sakhon and spilled oil ( oil spill ) which damaged a number of seafood farms in the area.

The department cooperated with local authorities and the owner of the capsized ship to salvage the tanker after it sank three days ago.

The Nopasin, 16m long and 4.5m wide, owned by Manas Nakwiset, sank about 3-4km off the coastal fishing area of Moo 8 in tambon Phantai Norasingh of Maha Chai on Monday evening. The ship was carrying about 60,000 litres of used oil.

According to local authorities, oil leaking from the sunken boat has spread across vast areas of the coast and affected local fishermen.

The oil has resulted in damage to more than 100 crab and shellfish farms in the area. Health authorities yesterday collected samples of marine animals from areas near Samut Sakhon out of fears the oil caused toxic contamination there.

Public Health Ministry permanent secretary Narong Sahametapat said yesterday marine creatures had been collected from floating cages along the coast, where more than 100 marine farms are located.

Lab tests will be conducted to determine whether the marine animals have been exposed to chemical substances or particular carcinogens such as tar and benzene. Results are expected to be released tomorrow.

If toxic substances are found in levels harmful to human health, the ministry will issue warnings prohibiting people from consuming seafood that originated in the area.

Lab tests would be conducted every week until the situation returns to normal, said Dr Narong.

Local authorities have warned people not to swim in the area.

Mobile health clinics have been deployed around Maha Chai to provide basic treatment to people affected by the oil spill.

http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/404264/crews-salvage-oil-spill-tanker

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Vocabulary

  • authority (noun): a person or government agency who has the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
  • capsize: (of a boat or other object) to turn over in the water - คว่ำ, พลิกคว่ำ
  • carcinogen: a substance that can cause cancer - สารก่อมะเร็ง
  • coast: an area of land beside the sea - ชายฝั่ง
  • coastal: of an area of land beside the sea - แนวชายฝั่งทะเล
  • collect (verb): to gather together a group/set/amount of things, often of the same sort - สะสม, เก็บรวบรวม
  • conduct: to carry out — - ดำเนิน
  • consume: to eat, drink or use something - บริโภค
  • contain: to prevent from spreading; to keep within limits - จำกัด,ควบคุมไว้
  • contamination: the process of making something dirty, polluted, or poisonous by adding a chemical, waste, or infection - การปนเปื้อน
  • cooperate: to work with other people to achieve a result that is good for everyone involved - ร่วมมือกัน
  • creature: anything that lives except plants - สิ่งมีชีวิต (คน, สัตว์)
  • damage (verb): to harm or spoil something/somebody - ทำความเสียหาย
  • deploy: to put in place ready for use - นำมาใช้
  • determine: to discover something by examining evidence to or calculate something - กำหนด, ระบุ, แสดงผล
  • effort: an attempt to do something - ความพยายาม
  • environment (noun): the natural world including plants and animals, land, water, air, especially as it is affected by human activities - สิ่งแวดล้อม
  • exposed: openly affected by and not protected from - ได้รับ ในที่นี้หมายถึง สูดควันบุหรี่
  • float: an object that floats in the water - สิ่งที่ลอยได้ เช่น แพ
  • issue (verb): to officially announce - ออกประกาศ
  • lab (laboratory): a room or building used for scientific research, experiments, testing, etc; a class that takes place in a laboratory and in which students do experiments - ห้องปฏิบัติการ, ห้องทดลอง
  • leak: (of a liquid or gas) flowing out of a hole or crack - การรั่วไหล
  • local: in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น
  • marine: relating to the sea and creatures that live in it - เกี่ยวกับทะเล
  • mouth: mouth of a river, where a river flows into the sea -
  • normal (adj.): typical, usual or ordinary; what you would expect - ปกติ, ภาวะปกติ
  • oil spill (noun): "the release of a oil ( or any liquid petroleum hydrocarbon) into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. The term is usually applied to marine oil spills, where oil is released into the ocean or coastal waters, but spills may also occur on land. Oil spills may be due to releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs and wells, as well as spills of refined petroleum products (such as gasoline, diesel) and their by-products, heavier fuels used by large ships such as bunker fuel, or the spill of any oily refuse or waste oil. Spilt oil penetrates into the structure of the plumage of birds and the fur of mammals, reducing its insulating ability, and making them more vulnerable to temperature fluctuations and much less buoyant in the water. Cleanup and recovery from an oil spill is difficult and depends upon many factors, including the type of oil spilled, the temperature of the water (affecting evaporation and biodegradation), and the types of shorelines and beaches involved. Spills may take weeks, months or even years to clean up" (Source: Wikipedia) - น้ำมันรั่ว
  • originate: to come from a particular place, time, situation, etc - มาจาก, ริเริ่มจาก
  • out of: to do something for some reason - She ran away out of fear. He acted that way out of fear.
  • particular: specific - เฉพาะ, จำเพาะ, โดยเฉพาะ
  • prohibit: to not allow; to ban - ห้าม
  • release: making known to the public - การเปิดเผย, การปล่อย
  • results (noun): what you get in the end when activity is completed (test results, research results, etc) - ผล
  • salvage: to save something from being lost completely - กอบกู้
  • sample: a small amount of a substance that is used for scientific or medical tests - ตัวอย่างทดลอง
  • sink (past form: sank): to (cause something or someone to) go down below the surface or to the bottom of a liquid or soft substance - จม
  • situation: all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place - สถานการณ์
  • spill: (of a liquid) to come or fall out of a container - หกล้น
  • substance: a particular type of liquid, solid, or gas - สาร
  • sunken: having fallen to the bottom of the sea - จมอยู่ใต้น้ำ
  • tanker (noun): a large ship used to carry oil by sea from place to place - เรือบรรทุก
  • threatening: dangerous; likely to cause harm or violence - อันตราย, เป็นภัย
  • toxic: poisonous and harmful to people, animals or the environment - เป็นพิษ
  • under way (adj): happening now, currently happening - กำลังดำเนินต่อไป
  • vast: extremely large - ส่วนใหญ่
  • vessel: a boat or ship - เรือ
  • warning: an action or statement telling someone of a possible problem or danger - การเตือน
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