S. Korea ferry sinking: "Tantamount to murder," SK President says (Updated Monday)
published : 21 Apr 2014 at 11:50
writer: Terry Fredrickson
(Monday) South Korean President Park Geun-Hye said Monday that the behaviour of the captain and crew of the ferry that capsized five days ago with 476 people on board was unacceptable and "tantamount to murder".
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Monday morning update
S. Korea president says ferry captain's action 'tantamount to murder'
South Korean President Park Geun-Hye said Monday that the behaviour of the captain and crew of the ferry that capsized five days ago with 476 people on board was unacceptable and "tantamount to murder".
"The actions of the captain and some crew members were utterly incomprehensible, unacceptable and tantamount to murder," the presidential Blue House quoted Park as saying in a meeting with senior aides.
Park said it was increasingly clear that Captain Lee Joon-Seok had unnecessarily delayed the evacuation of passengers as the ferry started sinking, and then "deserted them" by escaping first.
Lee was arrested on Saturday along with a helmsman and the ship's relatively inexperienced third officer, who was in charge of the bridge when the ship first ran into trouble.
"This is utterly unimaginable, legally and ethically," she said, adding that all parties to the disaster, from the owners, to the safety inspectors to the crew would be investigated and all those responsible would be held "criminally accountable."
Sunday morning update
First bodies pulled from submerged Korean ferry
JINDO , South Korea, AFP — Divers retrieved 16 bodies Sunday from inside the submerged South Korean ferry that capsized four days ago with hundreds of children on board, opening a grim new chapter in the search and recovery process.
The recovery of the first bodies from the interior of the ferry came after prosecutors revealed that the officer at the helm of the 6,825-tonne Sewol when it capsized Wednesday was not familiar with those particular waters.
The confirmed death toll from the disaster now stands at 49 with 253 people still unaccounted for.
A police official takes a swab from the mouth of a relative as part of a DNA test at a gymnasium used as a gathering point for family members of missing passengers aboard the sunken South Korean ferry 'Sewol', in Jindo on April 20, 2014. AFP PHOTO / JUNG YEON-JE
Three bodies were pulled out of the fully submerged ferry just before midnight and another 13 were recovered later Sunday morning, a coastguard spokesman said.
The breakthrough followed days of fruitless efforts by more than 500 divers to access the interior of the capsized ship, while battling powerful currents and near-zero visibility.
Their recovery looks set to dash the slim hopes of distraught relatives who had clung desperately to the idea that some passengers may have survived in air pockets in the upturned vessel.
Few details were provided of the 13 bodies recovered, but relatives of the missing gathered on Jindo island – close to the disaster site – have begun providing DNA samples to facilitate identification.
Saturday morning update
Here is the latest as of this morning from AFP
(Audio follows full text below)
JINDO, South Korea, AFP — Investigators on Saturday arrested the captain accused of abandoning the South Korean ferry that capsized three days ago with 476 people on board, as divers finally accessed the submerged vessel and spotted bodies inside.
Lee Joon-Seok and two of his crew were taken into police custody in the early hours of the morning, charged with negligence and failing to secure the safety of passengers in violation of maritime law.
The 69-year-old captain has been severely criticised for abandoning his ship as it sank Wednesday morning off the southwest coast while hundreds remained trapped on board, most of them children on a high school holiday trip.
Twenty-nine people have been confirmed dead in the disaster, but 273 are still missing.
As the arrests were being made, dive teams who had spent two days vainly battling powerful currents and near zero visibility, finally penetrated the passenger decks of the 6,825-tonne Sewol.
South Korean divers arrive at the harbour after attempting to rescue missing passengers of a capsized ferry in Jindo on April 19, 2014. Many of the more than 500 divers in the operation are civilian. AFP PHOTO / JUNG YEON-JE
"Civilian divers spotted three bodies through a window," said Choi Sang-Hwan, deputy director of the national coastguard.
"They attempted to get in and retrieve them by cracking the window, but it was too difficult," he said in a briefing to relatives of the missing.
Many of the more than 500 divers working on the rescue teams are civilian volunteers.
Nets will be placed around the submerged ferry to prevent any bodies drifting away during the eventual recovery process, Choi said, while adding that the rescue teams had not given up hope of finding survivors trapped in air pockets.
Captain Lee was arraigned along with the two officers in charge of the bridge at the time.
Dressed in dark raincoats with their hoods pulled up, the three kept their heads bowed as they were paraded before TV cameras in a police station.
Questioned by TV reporters as to why passengers had been ordered not to move for more than 40 minutes after the ship first foundered, Lee said it was a safety measure.
"At the time a rescue ship had not arrived. There were also no fishing boats around for rescues, or other ships to help," Lee said.
"The currents were very strong and the water was cold at that time in the area.
"I thought that passengers would be swept far away and fall into trouble if they evacuated thoughtlessly," he added.
Experts have suggested many more people might have escaped if they had moved to reach evacuation points before the ship listed sharply and water started flooding in.
Lee also confirmed he was not the helm when the ship ran into trouble, and was returning to the bridge from his cabin.
The hundreds of relatives camped out in a gymnasium on Jindo island near the scene of the disaster – most of the them parents of high school students – have sharply criticised the pace of the rescue operation, accusing officials of incompetence and indifference.
Only 174 were rescued when the ferry sank and no new survivors have been found since Wednesday.
The unfolding tragedy was compounded by the apparent suicide Friday of the students' high school vice principal, Kang Min-Kyu, who was seemingly overcome by guilt at having survived the sinking.
Kang, 52, was found hanging from a tree near the Jindo gymnasium. Local media said he had left a note, saying: "Surviving alone is too painful... I take full responsibility."
More than 350 of those on board were students from Kang's Danwon High School in Ansan city just south of Seoul.
Initial questioning of the captain has focused on what actually caused the ferry to sink.
Tracking data from the Maritime Ministry showed the vessel made a sharp turn just before sending its first distress signal.
Some experts believe a tight turn could have dislodged the heavy cargo manifest – including more than 150 vehicles – and destabilised the vessel, causing it to list heavily and then capsize.
But others suggested the turn might have been caused by a collision with a rock or other submerged object.
Three giant, floating cranes are now at the rescue site, but coastguard officials stressed they would not begin lifting the multi-deck ferry until they were sure there were no survivors inside.
Friday morning update
The first of three giant cranes has arrived at the site of the capsized South Korean ferry. Together they will slowly hoist the vessel out of the water. When that happens, the death toll, now at 28 confirmed dead, is certain to rise dramatically. About 270 passengers are still unaccounted for.
Here is the latest as of this morning from AFP:
Captain not at helm of capsized Korean ferry
The captain was not at the helm of the South Korean ferry that capsized two days ago, investigators said Friday, as anger spread over stalled rescue efforts for hundreds of missing passengers trapped by the submerged vessel.
More than 48 hours after the 6,825-tonne Sewol suddenly listed and then sank, a small of army of more than 500 exhausted divers -- battling powerful currents in almost zero visibility -- have yet to obtain any access to the ferry's interior.
The confirmed death toll rose overnight to 25 (now 28), but the focus of concern remained the 271 people still unaccounted for – hundreds of them children on a high school outing to the southern resort island of Jeju.
The newly recovered bodies were all floating in the water, coastguard officials said, as the dive teams worked in shifts to find a way inside the submerged vessel in the increasingly slim hope of finding survivors trapped in air pockets.
Unable to secure an entry point for now, they bored holes in the keel – a small section of which was still visible above the water -- for oxygen lines.
"Two divers are currently injecting oxygen into the ship," a coastguard official told AFP.
The weather conditions were extremely challenging, with rain, fog and strong sea swells
Of the 452 people on board the Sewol when it capsized Wednesday morning, 179 were rescued, but no new survivors have been found since Wednesday.
Three giant, floating cranes had arrived at the disaster site, but coastguard officials said they could not begin lifting the multi-layered ferry until they were sure there were no survivors inside.
Thursday afternoon update
Rescue ships are still searching for missing passengers near a South Korean ferry that capsized on its way to Jeju island from Incheon, but strong ocean currents have hindered divers from entering the ship. So far only nine bodies have been recovered. AFP PHOTO / Jeollanam-do Province Office
"Stay put" may have cost many lives
SEOUL, Korea, AFP -- National shock at a ferry disaster that may have killed hundreds of South Korean schoolchildren was mixed with fury Thursday over growing evidence that many passengers were denied a proper chance to escape.
Multiple survivor testimony highlighted the fact that passengers were repeatedly told to stay in their seats or cabins when the ferry first ran into trouble on Wednesday morning.
Those who obeyed found their possible escape route severely compromised after the vessel suddenly listed sharply to the port side, triggering total panic.
One survivor named Kim Sung-Mook said he had struggled to rescue around 30 high school students unable to escape from a large open hall on the fourth level of the ship.
"I couldn't even get into the hall because the whole thing was leaning over so badly," Kim said.
"The ship was going underwater and there was nothing for them to hold on to with their hands. They couldn't crawl up the floor because it was wet and at such a sharp angle," he said.
Using a fire hose he managed to pull a few to safety, "but there were so many of them... I couldn't help them all."
One student who was rescued said most passengers had remained in their seat for "30 to 40 minutes" after the ferry first foundered, in line with instructions from crew members and over the internal tannoy system.
"The message was repeated again and again: 'Stay put. Don't move'," said another survivor, Huh Young-Ki.
"We were asking ourselves: 'Shouldn't we move? Shouldn't we try and get out?' But the announcement was saying help would be there in 10 minutes," Huh told the News Y television channel.
Discipline is strict in the South Korean education system and authority rarely flouted, leaving observers to conclude that most of the 375 high school students on the ferry, in their late teens, would probably have obeyed any official commands without question.
Coast guard members search for passengers, near a South Korean ferry that capsized on its way to Jeju island from Incheon some 20 kilometres off the island of Byungpoong in Jindo. South Korean rescue teams, including elite navy SEAL divers, raced to find up to 293 people missing from a capsized ferry carrying 459 passengers and crew – mostly high school students bound for a holiday island.AFP PHOTO / DONG-A ILBO
Fears grow for hundreds missing in S. Korea ferry capsize
JINDO, South Korea, AFP — The frantic search for nearly 300 people, most of them schoolchildren, missing after a South Korean ferry capsized, slipped into a second day Thursday, as distraught relatives maintained an agonised vigil on shore.
Six people were confirmed dead, but with every hour that passed fears mounted for the 290 still unaccounted for after the multi-storey vessel with 475 on board suddenly listed, capsized and then sank 20 kilometres offshore.
Naval and coastguard vessels used floodlights and flares to keep the search operation going through the night, but strong currents and low visibility hampered efforts by diving teams to access the submerged vessel in the hope of finding survivors trapped in air pockets.
"They were unable to enter any of the cabins," said one senior coastguard official.
The coastguard said 179 people had been rescued, a figure little changed from the previous evening.
It was still unclear what caused the 6,825-tonne Sewol to sink, although numerous passengers spoke of a loud thud and the vessel coming to an abrupt, shuddering halt – suggesting it had run aground or hit a submerged object.
Distressing mobile phone footage taken by one survivor emerged Thursday, showing the panic on board with one woman desperately screaming "The water's coming, the water's coming."
The captain was among those rescued and was being questioned by coastguard officials.
The passengers included 375 high school students travelling with their teachers to the popular island resort of Jeju.
On nearby Jindo island where anxious relatives wrapped in blankets sat throughout the night waiting for news, there was a mood of angry desperation.
"My daughter is out there, somewhere out there in the cold sea. Please help," said mother Park Yu-Shin.
Some were outraged by survivor testimony that passengers had been told not to move in the crucial period after the ferry stopped and before it listed sharply to the side.
"We must have waited 30 to 40 minutes after the crew told us to stay put," said one rescued student.
"Then everything tilted over and everyone started screaming and scrambling to get out," he said.
A special boat packed with relatives of the missing left Jindo early Thursday for the site of the capsized ferry.
Rescuers said they feared hundreds had been unable to escape the vessel before it became completely inverted and sank with only a small section of keel sticking above the surface.
One senior rescue team official, Cho Yang-Bok, said there was "little chance" of anyone trapped inside surviving for long.
Among the six confirmed dead were three students, one teacher and one crew member. One was unidentified.
The initial distress signal from the Sewol came at 9:00am Wednesday, and many of the survivors were picked up by small commercial vessels that got to the scene ahead of the navy and coastguard.
Television footage showed terrified passengers wearing life jackets clambering into inflatable boats that pushed right up to the rails of the listing vessel as it sank.
Learn from listening
- abandon: to leave a place, especially because it is difficult or dangerous to stay there - ละทิ้ง
- abrupt: sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant - อย่างกะทันหัน
- access: the ability to enter a building or place - การเข้าสู่
- accountable: responsible for something that has happened - ซึ่งรับผิดชอบ, สามารถอธิบายได้
- agonised (adj): very upsetting and seeming to happen very slowly because something bad is happening - ซึ่งสร้างความเจ็บปวดทางใจและกายอย่างมาก
- angle: the shape, measured in degrees, that is made where two surfaces or objects meet; the direction from which something comes, or the direction from which you look at something, especially when it is not directly in front of you - มุม
- anxious: worried because you think something bad might happen - ที่วิตกกังวล, ที่ร้อนใจ
- apparent: seeming to be something although it may not be real - ดูเหมือนว่า, ตามที่เห็นภายนอก
- arraign (verb): to bring somebody to court in order to formally accuse them of a crime - ฟ้องกล่าวโทษ,นำตัวขึ้นศาล
- arrest: (of the police) taking someone to a police station because they are believed to have committed a crime - การจับกุม
- authority: power - อำนาจ
- battle: to try very hard to achieve something difficult or to deal with something unpleasant or dangerous - ต่อสู้, ดิ้นรนต่อสู้, มุ่งมั่นฝ่าฟัน
- behaviour: the way that someone acts or behaves - พฤติกรรม, การกระทำตัว
- blanket (noun,): (1) a covering, normally on a bed, but also a covering of dust, clouds, haze, etc. (2) (verb) to cover something completely - ผ้าห่ม, สิ่งที่ปกคลุม
- bore: to make a deep hole in something hard -
- bound for: going to - มุ่งหน้าไป
- bow: to move your head or the top half of your body forwards and downwards as a sign of respect - คำนับ, น้อมศรีษะ
- bridge: the part of a ship where the captain and other officers stand when they are controlling and steering the ship - หอบังคับการเรือ
- briefing: a meeting in which people receive information or instruction - คำแถลงการณ์สั้น,สรุปแบบสั้นๆ
- cabin (noun): a small room on a ship in which you live or sleep - ห้องในเรือ
- capsize: (of a boat or other object) to turn over in the water - คว่ำ, พลิกคว่ำ
- cargo: things that are being sent by ship, plane, train or truck - สินค้าที่บรรทุกและจัดส่งโดยเรือ เครื่องบินหรือรถไฟ
- challenging: difficult, in a way that tests your ability or determination - ที่ท้าทายความสามารถ
- chapter: era; a period of time in a person's life or in history - ยุค, สมัย
- charge: to accuse someone officially of committing a crime - ตั้งข้อกล่าวหา
- civilian: of someone who does not belong to the armed forces or the police - พลเรือน
- clamber: to climb something with difficulty, using your hands and feet - ปีนด้วยความลำบาก
- coast guard: a military organisation that watches for ships in danger and works to prevent illegal activities on the ocean - ยามชายฝั่ง
- collision: an accident in which a vehicle or person that is moving crashes into something - การชนประสานงา
- commercial: for business purposes - เกี่ยวกับการค้า
- compound: to make a problem or difficult situation worse - เพิ่ม
- compromise: to risk harming or losing something important; to reduce in quality, value, or degree; to weaken or lower - ยอมอ่อนข้อ
- concern: a worry - ความกังวล
- conclude: to decide that something is true after looking at all the evidence you have - สรุป
- crack: to break in a way that a long thin line appears on the surface of something, but does not cause it to break into pieces - แตกร้าว
- crane: a tall machine used for lifting or moving heavy objects and building tall buildings - ปั้นจั่นยกของหนัก
- crawl: to move along the ground on your hands and knees or with your body close to the ground - คลาน
- crew: the people who work on a ship, aircraft, etc. - ลูกเรือ
- criminally (adv): connected to the laws that deal with crime - เกี่ยวกับอาชญากรรม
- crucial (adj): extremely important because it effects the result of something - สำคัญยิ่ง
- current: a strong movement of water in one direction - กระแสน้ำ
- custody: the state of being in prison or under police control, especially while waiting for trial - การกักขัง, การคุมขัง
- dash hopes: to make it impossible for someone to do what they hoped to do - ทำให้ไม่สมหวัง, ทำให้ผิดหวัง, ทำให้เสียกำลังใจ
- data: facts or information used for making calculations or decisions - ข้อมูล
- deck (noun): the top outside floor of a ship, boat or building - ดาดฟ้าเรือ
- delay: to not do something until a later time or to make something happen at a later time - ทำให้ช้า, ทำให้หยุดยั้ง, ทำให้เสียเวลา, เลื่อน
- deny (verb): to cause to be unsuccessful; to not allow someone do something - ทำให้ไม่สำเร็จ, ไม่ยอม
- deputy: a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organisation - รอง
- desert: to leave somebody without help or support - ทอดทิ้ง
- desperately: feeling or showing that you have little hope and are ready to do anything without worrying about danger to yourself or others - ทิ้งไพ่ตาย อย่างสุดชีวิต อย่างเอาเป็นเอาตาย
- desperation: the worry and anger that someone feels because they do not know how to deal with a bad situation - ความสิ้นหวัง, ความหมดหวัง
- disaster: an extremely bad situation - ความโชคร้าย
- discipline: the practice of training people to obey rules and orders and punishing them if they do not; the controlled behaviour or situation that results from this training - ระเบียบวินัย
- dislodge (verb): to force or knock something out of its position - ทำให้หลุดจากที่, ทำให้เคลื่อน, เอาออกจากที่เดิม
- distraught: extremely upset, worried or confused - จิตว้าวุ่น, ว้าวุ่นใจ, สับสน
- distress signal (noun): a call made for help in an emergency situation -
- distressing: making you feel extremely unhappy, worried or upset - ที่น่าหดหู่
- diver: a person who works underwater, usually with special equipment - นักดำน้ำ
- dramatically: in a big way - อย่างใหญ่หลวง
- drift: to move slowly, often as a result of outside forces, with no control over direction - ล่องลอย,เลื่อนลอย
- elite: of a highly trained group - ซึ่งดีที่สุด, ยอดเยี่ยมที่สุด
- emerged: appeared - ปรากฏออกมา
- ethically (adv): concerning what is right and wrong; concerning what is morally correct or acceptable - ตามหลักจรรยา, ตามหลักจริยธรรม
- evacuate: to cause to leave a place because it is not safe - เคลื่อนย้ายออกจาก
- evacuation: moving people from a place of danger to a safer place - การอพยพ
- eventual: at the end of a period of time or at the end of a process - ในที่สุด
- evidence: facts, signs or objects that make you believe that something is true - หลักฐาน,ข้อแสดง
- exhausted: extremely tired - เหน็ดเหนื่อย
- facilitate: to make it possible or easier for something to happen - ทำให้สะดวกขึ้น
- familiar: well known to you, or easily recognised by you - คุ้นเคย
- ferry: a boat for taking passengers across an area of water, especially as a regular service - เรือรับส่งข้ามฟาก
- figure: a number representing a particular amount, especially one given in official information - ตัวเลข, จำนวนเลข
- flare: a bright flame that burns for a short time - การลุกไหม้อย่างรวดเร็วและสว่างไสว
- float: to cause to move slowly in the air or on water - ลอย
- floodlight: a very strong light that is used for lighting a public building or sports event at night - ฉายแสงไฟที่สว่างจ้าไปทั่วสนามหรือนอกบริเวณอาคาร
- flout (verb): to intentionally not obey a rule, law, or custom - ไม่เคารพกฎหมาย
- fog: a weather condition in which very small drops of water come together to form a thick cloud close to the land or sea, making it difficult to see - หมอก
- footage: film or video of a particular subject or event - ฟิลม์หรือคลิปภาพยนตร์ หรือวิดีโอ
- founder (verb): (of a ship) to fill with water and sink - ทำให้จม, ทำให้จมลง
- frantic: done in a very urgent way; so worried or upset that you are not able to control your feelings - ซึ่งไม่สามารถความคุมอารมณ์ได้, คลั่ง,มีอารมณ์รุนแรง
- fruitless: producing no good results, especially despite a lot of work - ไร้ผล, ไร้ประโยชน์
- fury: extreme anger - ความโกรธจัด
- grim: unpleasant and making you feel upset and worried - ที่โหดร้าย
- guilt: the unhappy feelings caused by knowing or thinking that you have done something wrong - ความรู้สึกผิด, ความสำนึก
- hamper: to stop someone or something from making progress or developing; to hinder - ขัดขวาง, เป็นอุปสรรค
- harbor (noun): an area of water near the land where it is safe for boats to stay - ท่าเรือ
- harbour: an area of water near the land where it is safe for boats to stay - ท่าเรือ
- helm (noun): a handle or wheel used for steering a boat or ship - พวงมาลัยเรือ
- helmsman (noun): steersman; a person who steers a boat or ship - นายท้ายเรือ, คนถือท้ายเรือ,คนถือหางเสือเรือ,คนถือพวงมาลัย
- highlighted: stressed; made something more noticeable - ที่เน้นย้ำ
- hoist: to lift something to a higher position - ชูขึ้น ยกสูงขึ้น
- hood (noun): a part of a coat, etc. that you can pull up to cover the back and top of your head - หมวกคลุมศีรษะที่ติดอยู่กับเสื้อ
- hose (noun): a long tube made of rubber, plastic, etc, used for putting water onto fires, gardens, etc ท่อยาง,สายยาง, - ท่อยาง,สายยาง,
- in charge of: to be in a position of having control over somebody/something; having responsibility for somebody/something - ดูแล, รับผิดชอบ
- in line with: following a rule or system; also in accordance with and consistent with - สอดคล้องกับ
- incompetence: lack of skill or ability to do something correctly or well - การไม่มีความสามารถ
- incomprehensible (adj): impossible to understand - ที่ไม่สามารถเข้าใจได้
- indifference: lack of interest or sympathy - ความไม่แยแส ความเพิกเฉย
- inflatable (adj): able to be filled with air, especially to be able to float in the air or water - ซึ่งทำให้พองได้
- initial: early; first - เบื้องต้น
- inject: to force something into something - ฉีด
- inspector : an official whose job is to check that things are in the correct condition or that people are doing what they should - ผู้ตรวจสอบ
- interior: the inside of something - ภายใน
- invert (verb): to change the normal position of something, especially by turning it upside down or by arranging it in the opposite order - คว่ำ, พลิกกลับ
- investigate: to try to find out the facts about something in order to learn the truth about it - ตรวจสอบหาความจริง
- investigator: someone whose job is to officially find out the facts about something - ผู้สอบสวน, ผู้สำรวจ, ผู้ตรวจสอบ
- keel (noun): the long piece of wood or steel along the bottom of a ship, on which the frame is built, and which sometimes sticks out below the bottom and helps to keep it in a vertical position in the water - กระดูกงู (เรือ)
- lean: to stand or be set at an angle - เอียง, เอน
- legally: relating to the law - ตามกฎหมาย
- life jacket: a jacket without sleeves, that can be filled with air, designed to help you float if you fall in water - เสื้อชูชีพ
- list (verb): (of a ship) to lean to one side - ทำให้เอียงข้าง (เรือ)
- maintain: to keep -
- manifest: a list of goods or passengers on a ship or an aircraft - รายการผู้โดยสาร/สินค้า
- maritime: connected with human activity at sea; near the sea or coast - ทางทะเล, เกี่ยวกับทะเล
- measure: an action that is intended to achieve or deal with something - มาตราการ
- mood: the way you feel at a particular time - อารมณ์
- mount: to increase - เพิ่มขึ้น
- multiple: many - มากมาย
- murder (noun): the crime of intentionally killing a person - ฆาตกรรม, การฆาตกรรม
- naval (adj): connected with the navy of a country - เกี่ยวกับกองทัพเรือ
- negligence: when you do not give enough care or attention to someone or something - ความประมาท, ความไม่เอาใจใส่
- numerous: many - มากมาย
- obey: to do what you are told or expected to do - เชื่อฟัง, ทำตามคำสั่ง
- observer: a person who watches and analyses a situation - ผู้สังเกตการณ์
- offshore: happening or existing in the sea, not far from the land - ซึ่งอยู่ห่างจากฝั่ง, ที่อยู่นอกฝั่ง
- on board: on a ship, aircraft or vehicle - บนหรือใน (เรือ, รถ, เครื่องบินหรือพาหนะอื่น)
- operation: a planned activity involving a lot of people, especially soldiers or police officers - การปฏิบัติการ
- outing (noun): a trip that you go on for pleasure or education, usually with a group of people and lasting for a short time - การเดินทางท่องเที่ยวระยะสั้น
- outraged: extremely angry - โกรธแค้น
- overcome: to become very emotional, weak, ill, or unconscious - ดิ้วเดี้ยว
- pace: the speed at which something happens or is done - อัตรา
- packed: crowded; full of people or things - แน่น
- panic: a sudden strong feeling of fear or worry that causes you to be unable to think clearly or calmly - ความตื่นตกใจ
- party (noun): one of the people or groups of people involved in a situation, an official argument or arrangement - คู่กรณี
- passenger: someone who travels in a motor vehicle, aircraft, train, or ship but is not the driver or one of the people who works on it - ผู้โดยสาร
- penetrate: to go into or through something - แทรกซึมเข้าไป, ผ่านเข้าไป, ทะลุเข้าไป
- period: a particular length of time - ระยะเวลา
- pocket: an empty space -
- popular (adj): a situation in which someone or something is liked by many people - เป็นที่นิยม, เป็นที่ชื่นชอบ
- port (adj): the side of a ship or aircraft that is on the left when you are facing forward - ทางกาบซ้าย (ของเรือหรือเครื่องบิน)
- principal: the person who is in charge of a school, college or a university - ผู้อำนวยการ,ครูใหญ่,อธิการบดี
- process: a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result - แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ
- prosecutor: a lawyer whose job is to prove in court that someone accused of a crime is guilty - อัยการ
- quote: to repeat the words that someone else has said or written - ยกคำพูดมา
- rarely: not happening often - นานๆ ครั้ง, ไม่บ่อย
- recover (verb): to get something back (usually that has been lost or stolen) - ได้กลับคืนมา
- recovery (noun): the act of getting something again that was lost, stolen, or owed - การนำกลับคืน, การกู้
- relative: a member of your family - ญาติพี่น้อง
- rescue: saving a person or animal from a dangerous or unpleasant situation - การช่วยชีวิต
- rescuer: a person whose job is to save someone from a dangerous or unpleasant situation - ผู้ช่วยชีวิต
- responsibility: deserving to be blamed for something that has happened - ความรับผิดชอบ
- retrieve (verb): to get something back, especially something that is not easy to find - ได้กลับคืนมา
- reveal: to let something become known - เปิดเผย
- run aground (verb): (of a ship) to touch the ground in shallow water and be unable to move - (เรือ) ติด (สิ่งกีดขวาง)
- sample: a small amount of a substance that is used for scientific or medical tests - ตัวอย่างทดลอง
- scene: site; a place where something happens or happened - สถานที่เกิดเหตุ
- scramble: to do something in a hurry - รีบเร่ง
- scream: to cry or say something loudly and usually on a high note, especially because of strong emotions such as fear, excitement or anger - กรีดร้อง
- SEAL: Sea, Air and Land, referring to a type of military unit and strategy begun by the US Navy -
- search (noun): looking somewhere or through something carefully in order to find something - การค้นหา
- section: any of the parts into which something is divided - ส่วน
- secure (verb): to get or achieve something - ได้มา, ทำให้ได้ผล, ได้รับ
- senior: with a high rank or position - อาวุโส
- shift: a period of work time in a factory, hospital or other place where some people work during the day and some work at night - เวร, กะ หรือระยะเวลาทำงานเป็นช่วงๆ,
- shock: a strong feeling of surprise as a result of something happening, especially something unpleasant; the event that causes this feeling - ช็อค, ความสะดุ้ง, อาการช็อค
- shore: the land along the edge of the sea or ocean, a lake or another large area of water - ชายฝั่ง
- shudder (verb): to shake very hard - สั่น, สั่นกระตุก
- sink (verb): to (cause something or someone to) go down below the surface or to the bottom of a liquid or soft substance (past: sank) - จม
- site: a place where something happens or happened - สถานที่เกิดเหตุ
- slim: small; not as big as you would like or expect - เล็กน้อย, นิดหน่อย
- spot: to see or notice - สังเกตเห็น
- stalled: delayed - ล่าช้า ถ่วงเวลา
- stay put: to stay in the same place; to not move - ยืนหยัด ไม่เคลื่อนย้าน
- storey (noun): a level in a structure; a level in a building - ชั้น, ชั้นของตึกหรืออาคาร
- stress: to emphasise something; to say that something is important - เน้นย้ำ
- strict: very careful and exact - เข้มงวด
- struggle (verb): to try hard to do something that you find very difficult - พยายาม; ต่อสู้
- submerged: under water - จมน้ำ อยู่ใต้น้ำ
- suggest: to show that something is possibly true - ชวนคิด
- suicide: the action of deliberately killing yourself - การฆ่าตัวตาย
- survive: to continue to live - มีชีวิตรอด
- survivor: someone who still exists after an event that could have killed or destroyed them - ผู้รอดชีวิต
- swab (noun): an act of taking a sample from somebody's body, with a swab - การเก็บตัวอย่างโดยใช้ฟองน้ำ ผ้า สำลีหรือวัตถุซับอื่น ๆ
- tannoy (noun): a system with loudspeakers used for giving information in a public place -
- tantamount to: tantamount to being almost the same or having the same effect as, usually something bad - เท่ากัน
- terrified: very frightened - ตกใจ, ใจหาย, ขวัญหนี
- testimony: a formal statement about something that you say, know or experienced, usually given to a court of law - คำให้การ
- thud: a sound like the one which is made when a heavy object hits something else - เสียงดังตุ้บ
- tilt: to (cause to) move into a sloping position - ทำให้เอียง กระดก
- track: to follow the course of a moving object such as a ship, aircraft or animal using special equipment - ติดตาม, ตามรอย
- tragedy: a very sad event that causes people to suffer or die - โศกนาฏกรรม
- trapped : to be unable to leave a place - ถูกกับดัก
- trigger: to cause - ก่อให้เกิด กระตุ้น
- unacceptable: that you cannot accept, allow or approve of - ซึ่งไม่สามารถยอมรับได้
- unaccounted for: a person or thing that cannot be found and people do not know what has happened to them or it - ซึ่งหายไป
- unfold (verb): to happen, or to develop - ปรากฏออกมา
- unidentified: not known (who someone is) - ซึ่งไม่สามารถระบุชื่อได้
- unimaginable: impossible to think of or to believe exists; impossible to imagine - สุดที่จะคนึงคิด,เข้าใจยาก,คาดคิดไม่ถึง,เป็นไปไม่ได้
- utterly: completely - อย่างที่สุด
- vainly (adv): without success - อย่างไร้ผล, อย่างไร้ประโยชน์
- vigil (noun): a period of time when people stay awake, especially at night, in order to watch a sick person, say prayers, protest, wait for something to happen, etc - การเฝ้ายาม, , การเฝ้าดูแลตอนกลางคืน
- violation: the breaking of a rule or a law - การฝ่าฝืน
- visibility: how clearly objects can be seen, or how far you can see clearly, usually because of the weather conditions - ทัศนวิสัย
- volunteer (noun): someone who is not paid for the work that they do; someone who does something willingly without being required to - อาสาสมัคร