Police reform at last: In new constitution

Police reform at last: In new constitution

If the people demand a fair probe, public prosecutors, provincial governors & district chiefs will take part in criminal investigation. Forensic science will become independent & efficient.

Police parade with high-ranking police officers reviewing the ranks on National Police Day.


Police force set for shake-up in charter

Mongkol Bangprapa

The Constitution Drafting Committee (CDC) yesterday included a proposal to reform the police force in the draft charter which will be forwarded to the National Reform Council (NRC) for consideration on April 17.

The proposed police reform deals mainly with transferring units of the Royal Thai Police Office (RTPO) that are not directly related to crime suppression to other state agencies, which will create a system designed to keep the force from political interference and allow public participation in managing police affairs.

The proposal also involves making a fair and just reshuffle of the police personnel and distributing the power to oversee police affairs to the provincial administrations.

Improving the independence of the criminal investigation process is also treated as an important objective of the proposed reform

The reform will also allow public prosecutors, provincial governors and district chiefs to take part in a criminal investigation in the event that complaints are lodged by the people demanding a fair probe. Forensic science will also be reformed, to increase the independence and efficiency of the work. 

Banthoon Sethasirot, a CDC member, said the CDC took up the reform proposal and incorporated it in the draft constitution to be submitted to the NRC's committee on law and judicial procedure reform. After vetting details of the police reform, the panel will put up the issue for the NRC's central committee for debate.

If the NRC finds any flaws in the police reform proposal, it will advise the CDC to make corrections. If changes are to be made, the draft will be returned to the CDC for review with input from the members of the public factored in. 

Mr Banthoon added the reform proposal to be submitted to the NRC contained all the points to be addressed in the reform. With the proposal to transfer the non-crime suppression units to the other government agencies, CDC spokeswoman Suphatra Nakhaphiew said the units to be earmarked for the transfer might include the forestry police and the railway police.

She said further moves to boost the independence of police crime investigation work will be a subject of discussion during the review stage. "It's been proposed that since the criminal investigation marks the onset of judicial procedure, the work should be separated from the other units to prevent political interference," she said.

Ways to reform the entire procedure from the police investigation to the prosecution will come under review before a new system of criminal investigation can be designed, she said.

Ms Suphatra dismissed speculation the CDC delayed making its decision on police reform previously because it wanted to avoid dealing with expected opposition to the proposal

She said the CDC decided the police reform should be included in the last part of the draft charter because the committee has to wait for the NRC's committee on law and judicial procedure reform to consider the issue first.

Of the NRC's 18 committees, the law and judicial reform committee was the last to send the CDC its conclusion, she said.

"The charter drafters still want to listen to the NRC," she said.


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  • address: to try to deal with a problem or question - จัดการกับปัญหา
  • administration: government - รัฐบาล
  • advise: to tell somebody what you think they should do in a particular situation - แนะนำ, แจ้ง
  • affairs: events and activities relating to the government, politics, economy etc of a country, region, or the world - ความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างประเทศ
  • agency (noun): a government department that provides a particular service - หน่วยงานราชการ
  • boost: to increase - เพิ่ม
  • charter: a constitution - รัฐธรรมนูญ
  • chief: a person with a high rank or the highest rank in a company or an organisation - หัวหน้า, ผู้นำ
  • committee: a group of people who are chosen, usually by a larger group, to make decisions or to deal with a particular subject - คณะกรรมการ
  • complaint: when someone says that something is wrong or not satisfactory - การบ่น, ข้อที่ไม่พอใจ
  • consideration: giving careful thought to something before making a decision - การคิดพิจารณา
  • constitution: the set of laws and basic principles that a country in governed by - รัฐธรรมนูญ
  • contain: to store or hold something - บรรจุ
  • correction: making something right or accurate by changing it or removing mistakes - การแก้ไขให้ถูกต้อง
  • crime: an illegal activity or action - อาชญากรรม
  • Crime Suppression Division (CSD): a national police department responsible for conducting most of the technical investigations of criminal offenses - กองบังคับการปราบปราม
  • criminal: relating to illegal acts - เกี่ยวกับอาชญากรรม
  • deal with: to be about a subject - เกี่ยวกับ
  • debate: a discussion in which people or groups state different opinions about a subject - การอภิปราย, การโต้วาที, การถกเถียง
  • delay (noun): causing to happen at a later time; happening at a later time than expected - การเลื่อน, ช้ากว่าปกติ
  • demand: a very firm request for something - ข้อเรียกร้อง, การเรียกร้อง
  • detail (noun): the small facts or features of something - รายละเอียด, ส่วนเล็กๆ น้อยๆ, ส่วนย่อย
  • directly (adv): in a direct line or manner; immediately - โดยตรง, ทันที
  • discussion: conversation; talk - การสนทนา, การอภิปราย
  • dismiss: to refuse to accept that something might be true or important - ไม่สนใจ,แย้งกลับ
  • distribute: to give something to a group of people - แจกจ่าย
  • district (noun): an area of a country, town or province, especially one that has particular features - เขต, อำเภอ, บริเวณ, แขวง
  • draft: not in a final form and likely to be changed - ร่าง
  • draft: to write a document, plan, etc. that may be changed before it is finally accepted - ร่าง
  • draft: written for consideration, but not yet in its final form - ฉบับร่าง
  • earmark: to decide to use something, often money, for a particular purpose - ตัดสินใจที่จะใช้สำหรับวัตถุประสงค์เฉพาะ
  • efficiency: the ability to work well and produce good results by using the available time, money, supplies etc in the most effective way - ความมีประสิทธิภาพ
  • entire: including everything, everyone or every part - ทั้งหมด
  • factor in: to consider; to give careful thought to something before making a decision - พิจารณา
  • fair: acceptable and appropriate in a particular situation - เท่าเทียม, ยุติธรรม
  • flaw: a fault; something wrong with something - ข้อบกพร่อง
  • forensic: relating to the use of scientific methods to solve  crimes or to find out why something happened - เกี่ยวกับนิติวิทยาศาสตร์
  • forestry: the growing of trees - การทำป่าไม้, วิชาการป่าไม้
  • forward: to send onwards - ส่งต่อ
  • governor: a person who is chosen to be in charge of the government of a state or province or a government agency - ผู้ว่าการรัฐ, ผู้ว่าราชการจังหวัด
  • incorporated: included as part of something larger - ซึ่งรวมเข้าเป็นหนึ่งเดียวกัน
  • independence (noun): freedom from control by another country, organisation or person - ความเป็นอิสระ
  • independence: freedom from control by another country or organisation - เอกราช, ความเป็นอิสระ
  • input (noun): help in the form of ideas, advice, or information, used in a process or in making a decision - ข้อมูล, การสนับสนุน
  • interference: the process of deliberately becoming involved in a situation and trying to influence the way that it develops - การเข้าแทรกแซง
  • investigation: the process of trying to find out all the details or facts about something in order to discover who or what caused it or how it happened - การสอบสวน, การตรวจสอบหาข้อเท็จจริง
  • issue: a problem that needs to be considered - ประเด็น
  • judicial: relating to the courts of law - ในชั้นศาล
  • just: morally fair and reasonable - ยุติธรรม, ชอบธรรม
  • lodge: to formally make something such as a complaint or a claim - ยื่น (คำร้อง)
  • mark (verb): to show that something is happening or happened - เป็นเครืองแสดง เป็นการเริ่มต้น
  • member: a person, a country or an organization that has joined a particular group, club or team - สมาชิก
  • members of the public: people, the public; people in general - ผู้คน; มหาชน, ประชาชน
  • move (noun): action -
  • objective (noun): what you plan to achieve; goal; aim; purpose - เป้าหมาย
  • onset: the beginning of something, especially something unpleasant - การเริ่มต้น กำเริบ
  • opposition: strong disagreement with a plan or policy - ความขัดแย้ง
  • oversee (verb): (past form: oversaw) to watch or organise a job or an activity to make certain that it is being done correctly - คุมงาน,ควบคุม
  • panel: a group of people who make decisions or judgments - คณะกรรมการ
  • participation: to take part in or become involved in an activity - การมีส่วน
  • personnel: the people who are employed in a company, organization or one of the armed forces - บุคลากร, เจ้าหน้าที่, พนักงาน
  • point: one item among others -
  • police force: a whole police organization -
  • power (noun): political control of a country or an area; having a lot of influence and authority to control people and situations - อำนาจ
  • prevent (verb): to stop somebody from doing something; to stop something from happening - ขัดขวาง, ป้องกัน, กัน, กีดขวาง
  • previously: before -
  • procedure: a way of doing something - ขั้นตอนการดำเนินการ
  • process: a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result - แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ
  • proposal: a plan or suggestion for a group to consider - ข้อเสนอ
  • proposed: suggested as an idea for a group to consider - ถูกเสนอ
  • prosecution: the process of accusing someone of a crime and asking a court of law to judge them - การดำเนินคดีตามกฎหมาย
  • prosecutor: a lawyer whose job is to prove in court that someone accused of a crime is guilty - อัยการ
  • provincial (adj): related to "provinces" , the different parts of a country - ประจำจังหวัด, ส่วนท้องถิ่น
  • Provincial Administration Organisation (noun): the government of a province - องค์การบริหารส่วนจังหวัด
  • public: open to people in general - สาธารณะ
  • public (adj): belonging to the government -
  • railway: the whole transportation system of trains connecting stations along rail tracks - รางรถไฟ, ระบบทางรถไฟ
  • reform: a change that is intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair - การแก้ไข การปฏิรูป
  • relate to: to be connected with something/somebody; to refer to something/somebody - เชื่อมโยงกับ
  • reshuffle: the process of changing the jobs or responsibilities of people in a particular group or organisation - การปรับหรือโยกย้ายตำแหน่งคนในองค์กร
  • review: the process of studying or examining a situation, policy, or idea again in order to decide whether it is suitable or satisfactory - การทบทวน
  • separate: to keep or put apart - แยก
  • shake-up (noun): a situation in which a lot of changes are made to a company, an organisation, etc. in order to improve the way in which it works - การเปลี่ยนแปลงครั้งใหญ่
  • speculation: ideas or discussion about what might happen or has happened or why something has happened without having complete information - การคาดการณ์
  • spokeswoman/spokesman: a person who speaks on behalf of a group or an organisation - โฆษก
  • stage: a part of an activity or process or a period of development - ช่วง, ระยะ, ตอน
  • state: government - รัฐบาล
  • submitted (verb): formally given to someone, usually, but not always, so that they can make a decision about it - ยื่น
  • suppression: stopping an activity from happening, in this case, criminal activity  - การปราบปราม
  • take part in (verb): to join and be part of some activity; participate as a participant - เข้าร่วม มีส่วนร่วม
  • transfer: to change someone’s job or responsibilities - โยกย้ายตำแหน่ง
  • treat: to behave in a particular way towards somebody/something - ปฏิบัติ(ต่อ)
  • unit: a part of a company or organisation that carries out a particular function; a group of people who work or live together, especially for a particular purpose - หน่วย,กอง,กลุ่ม
  • vetting: examining something or someone carefully to make certain that they are acceptable or suitable - ตรวจสอบ
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