What's new in business news: June 19, 2015

What's new in business news: June 19, 2015

Skilled labour shortage in tourism & vocational education, digital TV advertising revenue soars & two very strange cases of poor people losing their property.

Hotel receptionists, one job in the tourism sector that requires skilled labour.

EDUCATION

Skilled labour shortage in tourism & vocational education

Thailand is facing a shortage of skilled labour in the cash-generating tourism industry. The workforce cannot keep pace with growth. Statistics, in fact, show the number of tourists and employees serving them running in opposite directions. The country welcomed 16 million visitors in 2010 when 6.5 million people worked in the sector. But the number of workers dropped to 6.2 million in 2013 while tourist arrivals jumped to 26.5 million. The tourism sector generated 1.4 trillion baht in revenue for the country last year, accounting for about 10% of gross domestic product (GDP). The shortage of trained workers could eventually affect the quality of service offered.

In a related story, technical colleges in Thailand produce 20,000 graduates a year, while the industrial sector needs to fill 180,000 positions. Currently, there are over 1.5 times more academic students than vocational students, with a ratio of 39:61. The Office of the Vocational Education Commission (Ovec) aims to produce students on par with academic schools by 2016, and surpass academic graduates with a 60:40 ratio by 2018.

Ovec will use a new tax reduction scheme to attract more companies to join its dual vocational education programme, in which students get work experience at companies while they study, making them more likely to be recruited immediately after graduation. The program aims to increase the numbers of vocational students to match labour market needs. Companies which join the programme can receive up to 300% tax deductions. Currently, there are 11,000 firms nationwide in the programme with plans to increase this to 13,000 companies, expanding the number of students from 79,000 to 100,000 by the end of this year.
 
Read full story here and here

ADVERTISING

Digital TV advertising revenue soars

Advertising spending in May totaled 12.16 billion baht, up 27.84% year-on-year, as digital television continued to gain momentum with growth of 891.98% in the month, according to media researcher Nielsen Thailand.

The first largest portion of ad spending was the 5.05 billion baht advertising revenue of the six analog TV channels, which accounted for 41.52% of the total. However, analog TV advertising in the month was down 7.95% year-on-year. Digital TV commanded the second largest portion of ad spending, with expenditure on ads, with the 21 digital TV channels, totalling 3.46 billion in May, and accounting for 28.47% of the total amount. For the first five months of the year, digital TV saw rocketing growth of 2,440.33% over the same period of 2014.

Newspapers ranked third, reaping 1 billion baht in advertising for the month, down 2.23% year-on-year and amounting to 8.3% of total spending. In-store advertising spending was at the bottom with only 28 million baht in the month, down 79.56% year-on-year and accounting for 0.23% of the total.

Read full story here

Residents in Kanchanaburi show tree stumps where a local timber yard had cut down their trees after they claim the military sold the trees to them.

PROPERTY RIGHTS

Poor people lose property: military allegedly sells farmer's trees to timber yard & wealthy Phuket real estate developer forces poor long-term residents off land using thugs 

The owner of a 200-rai eucalyptus plantation in Kanchanaburi says 6-million baht of his trees were cut down by a timber yard which claimed the military sold them the trees. Only tree stumps were left. The land owner, Kriangchai sae Lim, 64 aid his family had occupied the land for over 20 years and had a Phor Thor Bor 5 paper, a legal document showing tax payments for the land. The man had previously grown cassava before retiring because of poor health. He then bought the occupation rights to the land and turned it into a eucalyptus plantation about 10 years ago.

The owner said he occasionally visited the plantation and on a recent trip he spotted some men cutting down his trees. He reported this to the police and the police detained the men who cut down the trees and also seized their truck. The owner of a local timber yard, a woman identified only as Jae Nok, said she had purchased the trees from the military and would ask an army colonel to talk with him. Another resident of Kanchanaburi, Nareumol Sitthisorn, said workers from the same timber yard had cut trees in her community forest, covering some 1,000 rai.  She learned that a government agency allegedly wanted to take back land in the area to use for a power plant. 

In a related story, in Phuket more than 50 residents have been told to leave their homes and move out of the area by a real estate developer claiming to have land titles for the land on which they live. Men in black uniforms (thugs) have also allegedly been sent to threaten them, demolishing homes with a backhoe and clearing the area.

According to a land survey, the 85 rai of land in dispute was originally a tin mine. However, the current residents have lived there since 2003. The real estate developer has been telling residents that this piece of land has changed hands numerous times and that he acquired it in 2008. In 2013, the developer presented a Chanote land title as proof that he is the rightful owner of the site. The Chanote was issued on December 26, 2012. Since that time, the residents have been continuously subjected to threats and told to leave. The developer has also filed an encroachment report against the residents which has been sent to court.

Read full stories here, here and here.

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Vocabulary

  • academic: someone who teaches at a college, or who studies as part of their job - นักวิชาการ
  • accounting for (verb): being -
  • acquire: to get; to obtain - ได้มาซึ่ง
  • adj (noun): connected with soldiers or the armed forces - ในทางทหาร,เกี่ยวกับทหาร
  • advertising: telling the public about a product or a service, political candidate, etc. in order to encourage people to buy, use or support it - การโฆษณา
  • agency (noun): a government department that provides a particular service - หน่วยงานราชการ
  • aim: to have as your purpose or goal - มีเป้าหมาย มีจุดมุ่งหมาย
  • allegedly: claimed to have done something wrong, but not yet proven - ที่กล่าวหา
  • arrival: when someone reaches where they are going (arrives) - ขาเข้า การเข้ามา
  • attract: to cause someone to be interested in something - ดึงดูดความสนใจ
  • backhoe: a large vehicle with machinery for digging, used in building roads, etc. - รถขุดหรือรถเจาะ
  • cash: money - เงินสด
  • cassava: a tropical plant with roots that can be cooked and eaten or made into flour - มันสำปะหลัง
  • claim (noun): saying that something is true although it has not been proved and other people may not believe it - ข้ออ้าง ข้อกล่าวหา
  • clear (verb): to move things away from a place or area - ทำให้ว่าง๒, ลบล้าง
  • colonel: an officer of high rank in the army, the marines, or the air force - พันเอก
  • command: to deserve and get something because of the special qualities you have - ควรได้รับ
  • commission: an official group of people who have been given responsibility to control something, or to find out about something, usually for the government - คณะกรรมการ, คณะกรรมาธิการ
  • community: the people living in one particular area - ชุมชน
  • continuously: happening or existing for a period of time without interruption - ซึ่งติดต่อกัน, ซึ่งต่อเนื่องกัน
  • court: the place where legal trials take place and where crimes, etc. are judged - ศาล
  • current: of the present time - ปัจจุบัน
  • currently: at this time; now - ในปัจจุบัน
  • deduction: the process of taking an amount of something, especially money, away from a total, in this case taxes; the amount that is taken away - การหักลบ
  • demolish: to completely destroy a building, especially in order to use the land for something else - รื้อ (สิ่งก่อสร้าง), ทำลาย
  • detain: to keep someone in a police station or prison and not allow them to leave - กักตัว ควบคุมตัวหรือฝากขัง
  • developer (noun): real estate developer, a person or company that builds new "real estate developments" including buildings, houses, shopping centers, etc - นักพัฒนาที่ดิน
  • direction: the way something is moving or coming from - ทิศทาง
  • dispute: a serious disagreement - ข้อโต้แย้ง
  • document: a paper or set of papers with written or printed information, especially of an official type  - เอกสาร
  • dual: having two parts or aspects - ประกอบด้วยสองส่วน, เป็นคู่
  • employee: someone who is paid regularly to work for a person or an organisation - ลูกจ้าง
  • encroachment: gradually entering and taking control over an area of land - การบุกรุก
  • eventually: at the end of a period of time or at the end of a process - ในที่สุด
  • expand: to make or become larger (noun form: expansion) - ทำให้กว้าง, ทำให้ขยาย
  • expenditure: money spent by a government, organization, or person - การใช้จ่าย (เงิน)
  • experience: the knowledge and skill that you have gained through doing something for a period of time - ประสบการณ์
  • fell (verb): to cut down a tree; to cause something to fall - โค่น
  • firm: a business or company - บริษัท
  • forest: an area with trees, animals and plants - ป่า
  • gain: to gradually get more of something - เพิ่ม
  • GDP: gross domestic product, the total value of all goods and services produced in a country in a year, except for income received from money invested in other countries ผลิตภัณฑ์มวลรวมภายในประเทศ -
  • generate: to produce - ผลิต, ก่อให้เกิด
  • graduate: a person who has a university degree - ผู้รับปริญญา, ผู้สำเร็จการศึกษา
  • graduate: to get a degree from a university or college; to complete a course in education, especially at high school - ได้รับปริญญา,สำเร็จการศึกษา
  • gross domestic product: the total value of all goods and services produced in a country in a year, except for income received from money invested in other countries. It is often simply called GDP - ผลิตภัณฑ์มวลรวมภายในประเทศ
  • growth (noun): economic growth, an increase in economic activity - การเติบโต
  • immediately (adv): happening right after something else with no delay; right away - ทันที
  • industrial sector: the part of the country’s economic activity that involves industry - ภาคอุตสาหกรรม
  • issue: to give or provide something official - แจกจ่าย
  • keep pace with: to move, increase, change, etc. at the same speed as somebody/something; to not fall behind a competitor - เดินไปด้วยระดับความเร็วเท่ากัน
  • labour: work, especially hard physical work - งานที่ใช้พละกำลัง
  • land title (noun): an official document that shows who legally owns a building or a piece of land - โฉนดที่ดิน
  • legal: relating to the law or lawyers - เกี่ยวกับกฎหมาย
  • local: in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น
  • media: radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group - สื่อ
  • mine: a deep hole or holes under the ground where minerals such as coal, gold, etc. are dug - เหมืองแร่
  • momentum: progress or development that is becoming faster or stronger - แรงผลักดัน
  • nationwide: throughout a whole country - ทั่วทั้งประเทศ
  • occupation (noun): the act of living in or using a building, room, piece of land, etc - การครอบครอง
  • occupied: (of a place) controlled by a group of people, a country, etc. - ครอบครอง
  • on par with: equal to -
  • opposed: very different from something - ต่างกันมาก
  • opposite: a person or thing that is as different as possible from somebody/something else - ตรงกันข้าม
  • originally: the situation that existed at the beginning of a particular period or activity, especially before something was changed - อย่างเป็นอันแรก, โดยแรกเริ่ม
  • plantation (n): a large farm where crops such as tea, coffee, cotton, sugar or trees, are grown - ไร่ นาขนาดใหญ่
  • portion: a part of something - ส่วน
  • position: a job - ตำแหน่ง
  • proof: information, documents, etc. that show that something is true - การพิสูจน์
  • purchase: to buy something - ซื้อ
  • quality: the standard of something when it is compared to other things like it; how good or bad something is - คุณภาพ
  • rank: to put someone or something into a position according to their success, importance, size etc - จัดลำดับ
  • ratio (noun): the relationship between two numbers or amounts, one number over another number, proportion, fraction - อัตราส่วน, สัดส่วน, อัตราเปรียบเทียบ
  • recent: happening or starting a short time ago - เร็วๆ นี้
  • recruiter: a person whose job is to find and persuade people to do a particular job, join a company, join a military organisation, etc. - ผู้สรรหาพนักงานใหม่
  • reduction: the process or result of making something smaller or less in amount, size, importance etc - การลดลง
  • related (adj): connected with something/somebody; referring to something/somebody - เชื่อมโยงกับ
  • researcher: a person who carriers out a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it - นักวิจัย
  • resident: a person who lives in a particular area - ผู้ที่อาศัยในท้องที่
  • retire: to stop working because you have reached the age where you are officially too old to work - เกษียณอายุ
  • revenue: income from taxes or business activities - รายได้
  • rightful (adj): that is correct, right or legal - โดยชอบธรรม,ยุติธรรม,ถูกต้อง
  • rights (noun): the legal right to control the production and selling of something such as television broadcasts, a book, play, film, photograph or piece of music; the right to use something belonging to someone else - ลิขสิทธิ์, สิทธิ์
  • scheme: a plan that is developed by a government or large organisation in order to provide a particular service for people - แผนการ โครงการ
  • sector: a part of a country’s economic or business activity - ภาค (เศรษฐกิจ)
  • seize (verb): to take something using force - ยึด, จับกุม
  • shortage (noun): when there is not enough of something - การขาดแคลน
  • skilled: having enough ability, experience and knowledge to be able to do something well - มีทักษะ,
  • spotted: seen; noticed - ปรากฏให้เห็น
  • statistics: a collection of information shown in numbers - วิชาสถิติ
  • subject to: affected by - ได้รับผล
  • surpass: to do or be better than somebody/something - เหนือกว่า, เก่งกว่า, ดีกว่า, เกินกว่า
  • survey: the act of examining and recording the measurements, features, etc. of an area of land - การสำรวจ, การหาข้อมูล
  • tax: money that you have to pay to the government so that it can pay for public services - ภาษี
  • threat: saying that you might do something bad or harmful, especially in order to make someone do something - การขู่เข็ญ การคุกคาม ทำให้กลัว
  • threaten: to say you might or will do something bad or harmful, especially in order to make someone do something - ขู่
  • thug: a man who is violent, especially a criminal - นักเลง, อันธพาล
  • timber: wood used for building houses or for making furniture - ไม้ซุง
  • timber yard: a business that sells wood and "timber" -
  • total: to add up the numbers of something/somebody and get a total - ผลรวม, ยอดรวม
  • trained: having received special instruction - ฝึกหัดมาแล้ว
  • uniform: the special set of clothes worn by all members of an organisation or a group at work, or by children at school - เครื่องแบบ
  • vocational: teaching the skills necessary for particular jobs - การสอนวิชาชีพ
  • vocational students: students attending a school which provided the skills necessary for particular jobs - นักเรียนอาชีวศึกษา
  • welcome: to be pleased to receive or accept something - รับด้วยความยินดี
  • workforce: all the people who work for a particular company, organization, country, etc. - แรงงาน, คนทำงาน
  • year-on-year (adjective): the amount or statistic for a period this year (month, quarter, half-year) compared to last year -
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