Human trafficking: Thailand stays at Tier 3, but hope remains for upgrade
published : 28 Jul 2015 at 09:06
writer: Terry Fredrickson
The US has kept Thailand at the lowest rank in its latest Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report, but the local US embassy has voiced encouragement for Thai leaders to build on recent achievements which were not considered in the report.
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Govt plays down Tier 3 status quo
Trafficking report inaccurate, it says
Bangkok Post and AFP
The United States' decision to keep Thailand in Tier 3 of its Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report does not accurately reflect the significant efforts undertaken by the government to tackle the problem, the Foreign Ministry says.
The report said Thailand has been kept in the lowest rank because it has failed to make sufficient efforts to eliminate human trafficking.
According to the ministry, Thailand has acted on the problem with a string of measures in prosecution and law enforcement, policy implementation and protection. The government is concerned that the report, with a cut-off date of March, fails to take into account its latest efforts.
In the latest TIP report, the US accuses Thailand, Russia, Iran and Libya of taking insufficient action to tackle trafficking, in a damning report on a global scourge which the State Department decried as "modern slavery".
A total of 23 countries are in Tier 3. They also include: Algeria, Kuwait, Syria, Yemen, Venezuela, North Korea, and South Sudan.
It said Thailand did not fully comply with the minimum standards of eradicating trafficking and also failed to make any significant effort to do so.
It made limited efforts to enforce the law and failed to adequately report figures for cases which arose during the reporting period (which ended on March 31.)
The ranking, compiled annually by the State Department, was announced by Secretary of State John Kerry.
By contrast, Malaysia, which had plummeted last year to the lowest rung, was raised a notch this year to the "Watch List" category of Tier 2, after Kuala Lumpur exhibited "significant efforts" in fighting the trafficking.
In June, Lt Gen Manas Kongpan became the face of the trafficking gangs and the campaign against them when the government arrested him and charged him despite his status as an "adviser" if the Internal Security Operations Command (Isoc) in the South. AFP photo
Earlier, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha played down the importance of the much-awaited report, saying he is more focused on how to continue with the progress which the government has made to stop human trafficking.
Speaking before the report's release, the premier said he was not worried about whether the United States upgraded Thailand or not.
Fixing the system and trying to end human trafficking would take time, Gen Prayut said.
However, he said the government is confident it has improved its anti-human trafficking efforts in recent months.
From our Online reporters:
The US Embassy, meanwhile, issued a separate statement on human trafficking late Monday, recognising steps taken between April and July by the government but calling for more effort.
"We continue to urge Thai government officials to take bold steps to combat trafficking throughout the ongoing 2016 reporting period and beyond," said the embassy statement, referring to the next Trafficking in Persons report in a year.
The embassy noted popular resentment that this year's report failed to take note of the main achievements by Thailand, which took place after the March 31 deadline for submitting material.
"We welcome additional efforts by the Thai government since March 31 to fight trafficking in persons, including efforts to create special units within criminal courts to adjudicate trafficking cases and the arrests of dozens possibly involved in human trafficking crimes and other abuses against migrants in southern Thailand," it said.
"Actions taken after March 31 will be covered in next year’s report."
Learn from listening
- abuse (noun): cruel, violent or unfair treatment, especially of someone who does not have the power to prevent it - การข่มเหง, การปฏิบัติไม่ดีต่อ
- accurate: correct, exact and without any mistakes - ถูกต้อง, แม่นยำ
- accuse: to say that someone has done something wrong or committed a crime - กล่าวหา
- achievement: something very good and difficult that you have succeeded in doing - การบรรลุผลสำเร็จ
- adequately: good enough or large enough for a particular purpose - อย่างพอเพียง, พอประมาณ
- adjudicate: to make an official decision about a problem or disagreement - วินิจฉัย
- adviser (noun): a person who gives advice, especially somebody who knows a lot about a particular subject - ที่ปรึกษา
- annually: happening every year - ทุกๆปีด
- arise (past form: arose): to happen as a result of a particular situation - เกิดขึ้น
- arrest: (of the police) to take someone to a police station because they are believed to have committed a crime - จับกุม
- bold: confident and unafraid of risk - มั่นใจ กล้าเผชิญอันตราย
- campaign: a planned series of activities - การรณรงค์
- case: a matter that is being officially investigated or heard by a court - คดี
- category: a group having similar qualities - ประเภท
- charge: to accuse someone officially of committing a crime - ตั้งข้อกล่าวหา
- combat (verb): to try to stop something unpleasant or harmful from happening or increasing - ต่อต้าน
- compile: to collect information from different places and arrange it in a book, report or list - รวบรวม
- comply with: to obey a rule or law or do what someone asks you to do - ปฏิบัติตาม
- concerned: worried about something - มีความกังวล
- confident: being certain of your abilities or of having trust in people, plans, or the future - มั่นใจ
- contrast: a noticeable difference - ความแตกต่าง
- Criminal Court: a court which hears criminal cases, i.e., cases where people are accused of breaking a law and where punishment involves going to jail. - ศาลอาญา
- damning (adj): critical of somebody/something; suggesting that somebody is guilty - ซึ่งเป็นเครื่องพิสูจน์ความผิด
- deadline: a time or day by which something must be done - เส้นตาย
- decry: to strongly criticise somebody/something, especially publicly - วิพากษ์วิจารณ์อย่างรุนแรง
- effort: an attempt to do something - ความพยายาม
- eliminate: to get rid of completely - กำจัดหรือขจัดให้หมดไป
- embassy: a group of officials who represent their government in a foreign country - สถานทูต
- enforcement: the process of making sure that something happens, especially that people obey a law or rule - การบังคับใช้กฎหมาย
- enforce : to make sure laws are obeyed - บังคับให้ใช้, บังคับให้ทำ, ใช้กำลังบังคับให้ปฏิบัติตาม
- eradicate: to get rid of completely or destroy something bad - กำจัดจนหมดสิ้น
- exhibit (verb): to show -
- figure: a number representing a particular amount, especially one given in official information - ตัวเลข, จำนวนเลข
- focus: to give attention, effort, etc. to one particular subject, situation or person rather than another - เพ่งความสนใจ
- Foreign Ministry (noun): Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the ministry in charge of maintaining relations with other countries and looking after the interests of its citizens living abroad. - กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ
- global: throughout the world - ทั่วโลก
- implementation: the process of making something such as a plan, system, idea or law start to work and be used - การบังคับใช้ (กฎหมาย)
- improve: to make better - ทำให้ดีขึ้น
- inaccurate: not completely correct or exact - ซึ่งคลาดเคลื่อน,ซึ่งไม่ถูกต้อง
- inspection: the act of looking closely at something or someone and to check that everything is as it should be; examination - การตรวจสอบอย่างละเอียด
- insufficient: not enough - ไม่เพียงพอ
- Internal Security Operations Command (Isoc): a unit of the Thai military devoted to national security issues - กองอำนวยการรักษาความมั่นคงภายใน (กอ.รมน.)
- issue: to announce something officially - ออกประกาศ
- limited: not much or enough; not very great in amount or extent - จำกัด
- material: information or ideas used in books, songs, etc - ข้อมูล, เนื้อหา, ใจความ, สาระ
- meanwhile: at the same time - ในเวลาเดียวกัน
- measure: a firm action taken to solve a problem or stop a dangerous unpleasant situation - มาตราการ
- migrant labourer: someone who travels to another place or country in order to find work - คนงานต่างถิ่น
- minimum: the lowest possible; the lowest allowed - ต่ำที่สุด, น้อยที่สุด
- notch (noun): a level on a scale, often marking quality or achievement - อันดับ, ระดับ
- ongoing: continuing - อย่างต่อเนื่อง
- period: a particular length of time - ระยะเวลา
- play down (verb): to try to make something seem less important than it is - ลดความสำคัญของ
- plummet: to fall suddenly; to suddenly become much lower - ตกฮวบลง
- policy (noun): a set of plans or action agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group - นโยบาย
- popular (adj): connected with the ordinary people of a country; shared by a large number of people - ของประชาชน
- progress: the process of developing or of getting nearer to achieving or completing something - ความคืบหน้า
- prosecution: the process of accusing someone of a crime and asking a court of law to judge them - การดำเนินคดีตามกฎหมาย
- protection: the act of protecting somebody/something; the state of being protected - การอารักขา, การปกป้อง
- raise: to increase the amount or level of something - เพิ่ม, ทำให้สูงขึ้น, ส่งเสริม, ยกระดับ
- rank (noun): the position of somebody/something on a scale that shows how good or important they are in relation to other similar people or things, especially in sport - อันดับ
- ranking: the position of somebody/something on a scale that shows how good or important they are in relation to other similar people or things, especially in sport - อันดับ
- recognise: to accept that something is true or important - ยอมรับ
- reflect: to show - สะท้อน แสดงถึง
- release: making known to the public - การเปิดเผย, การปล่อย
- resentment: a feeling of anger because you have been forced to accept someone or something that you do not like - ความไม่พอใจ
- rung (noun): one of the bars that forms a step in a ladder; level; tier - ขั้นบันได, ชั้น
- scourge: something that causes a lot of trouble or harm - โรคระบาด การลงโทษ
- Secretary of State (noun): (in the US) the head of the government department that deals with foreign affairs - รัฐมนตรีต่างประเทศของสหรัฐอเมริกา
- separate: forming a unit by itself; not joined to something else - ซึ่งแยกออกจากกัน
- significant: important - สำคัญ
- slavery: the practice of owning people , of having "slaves" - ความเป็นทาส, การเป็นทาส
- standards: a level of quality that is normal or acceptable for a particular person or in a particular situation - มาตรฐาน, บรรทัดฐาน
- State Department (noun): the US government department of foreign affairs - กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ (อเมริกัน)
- status: official or legal position - สถานภาพ
- status quo (noun): the situation as it is now, or as it was before a recent change - สถานภาพปัจจุบัน, สถานภาพที่เป็นอยู่, ฐานะที่เป็นอยู่
- string: a series of similar or connected events that happen one after the other - การเรียงต่อเนื่องของเหตุการณ์หรือสิ่งต่างๆ
- submit: to formally give something to someone so that can make a decision about it - ยื่น (เอกสาร) เพื่อการพิจารณา
- sufficient: enough - เพียงพอ
- tackle: to make an organised and determined attempt to deal with a problem - จัดการกับปัญหา
- take into account: to consider; to think carefully about the various factors involved before making a decision or developing an opinion - พิจารณา, คิดอย่างละเอียด
- take note (verb): to pay attention to something and be sure to remember it - รับทราบ, ติดตาม
- tier (noun): a row or layer of something - ระดับชั้น
- trafficking: dealing in illegal goods, like drugs, weapons or in illegally moving humans or animals from one place to another - การค้าสิ่งที่ผิดกฎหมาย
- undertake: to do - เข้าทำ, ดำเนินการ
- upgrade (verb): to give something a higher level of importance - ยกระดับ
- urge: to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take - ผลักดัน, กระตุ้น