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Zika virus: Thai hospitalised in Taiwan

The Aedes aegypti mosquito at an entomology laboratory in Fort-de-France, in the French overseas department of Martinique. The mosquito carries the Zika virus, which was confirmed in a Thai man upon arrival in Taiwan this month. (AFP photo)

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Northern Thailand man hospitalised in Taiwan with mosquito-borne Zika virus thought to be linked to brain-damaging birth defects in infants.

HEALTH

Thai hospitalised in Taiwan after arriving with Zika virus

21/01/2016
Online Reporters

A northern Thailand man has been hospitalised in Taiwan after being confirmed as having the mosquito-borne Zika virus thought to be linked to brain-damaging birth defects in infants.

It was the first confirmed Zika virus case detected in Taiwan.

The Thai national was coming to Taiwan to work for the first time and was stopped at Taoyuan International Airport on Jan 10 after setting off temperature scanners upon arrival in Taipei.

The patient reportedly had a fever and a headache before boarding the plane in Bangkok.

The 24-year-old man who has been living in northern Thailand for the past three months is being held for observation at a local hospital.

The two other northern Thailand passengers travelling with the victim were cleared of both the Zika and dengue fever viruses.

An Aedes aegypti mosquito feeding on human blood (Source: Wikipedia)

ZIKA VIRUS: WHAT IS IT?

The Zika virus is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is also known to carry the dengue, yellow fever and Chikungunya viruses.

First detected in Africa in 1947, the virus baffled health experts in the second half of 2015 by spreading quickly through Central and South America.

Symptoms include fevers, mild headaches, skin rashes, joint pain and conjunctivitis.

While lacking complete clinical evidence, doctors and researchers increasingly suspect Zika is connected to cases of microcephaly -- a neurological disorder in which infants are born with smaller craniums and brains.

The problem has been especially severe in Brazil, where suspected cases increased to 3,893 by Jan 16 from 3,530 cases 10 days earlier. Fifty infant deaths have been linked to the condition.

ZIKA VIRUS IN THAILAND

According to a medical journal article dated August, 2015 made available on the website of the US National Library of Medicine, no cases of Zika virus have been detected among people living in Thailand but some cases had been detected by people who had traveled to Thailand:

["In Thailand, no autochthonous [originating in the place where found] Zika virus (ZIKV) infections have been confirmed in Thai residents. However, several Zika cases have been reported in travelers returning from Thailand. In early 2013, ZIKV RNA was detected in the blood of a 45-year-old Canadian woman who had recently returned from a vacation in southern Thailand. Another case of ZIKV infection was reported in an adult male from Germany who had developed symptoms 12 days after arrival in Thailand while visiting a number of islands in southern Thailand. Most recently, a suspected case of ZIKV infection was reported in a 41-year-old Japanese male traveler to southern Thailand who had serological evidence of ZIKV infection in an acute blood sample. Acute ZIKV infections in southeast Asia have also been reported from Indonesia and Cambodia. Indirect serological evidence of ZIKV infection has been documented in the past in non-acute blood samples from Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines." (See here)]

The article also indicates that the technology for detecting the disease is rather advanced and therefore many Thai hospitals may not yet use this technology.

TRAVEL ADVISORIES

Taiwan has updated its travel advisories for several countries, putting Thailand, along with  Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and the Maldives, on a "watch" list. Central and South America and the Caribbean remain at the "alert' level.

Cases of the disease now have spread to Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/general/834456/thai-hospitalised-in-taiwan-after-arriving-with-zika-virus

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Vocabulary:

advanced (adj): having the most modern and recently developed ideas, methods, etc - ก้าวหน้า, สมัยใหม่

advisory : an official warning that something bad is going to happen and, often, how to deal with it - คำเตือน; การแนะนำ

alert : a warning to people to be prepared to deal with something dangerous - การเตือนให้ระวัง

arrival : when someone reaches where they are going (arrives) - ขาเข้า การเข้ามา

available : that you can get, use, find or buy - มีอยู่, หาได้

baffled : completely confused - งง, ฉงน

birth defect (noun): when a baby is born with some body part that is not normal (a defect) - ความพิการของทารกแรกเกิด

blood (noun): the red liquid that flows through the bodies of humans and animals - เลือด

board : to get onto a ship, aircraft, train, or bus - ขึ้น(เรือ  รถเมล์ รถไฟ เครื่องบิน)

borne : carried - ถือ หรือนำไป (อัญเชิญ  ประดิษฐาน)

brain : the organ inside the head that controls movement, thought, memory and feeling - สมอง

case : a particular situation or a situation of a particular type - กรณี, เหตุการณ์, สถานการณ์

clear (verb): to successfully deal with a problem or case and thus remove it from your to-do list -

clinical : relating to the examination and treatment of patients and their illnesses - เกี่ยวกับคลินิก, เกี่ยวกับเวชศาสตร์คลินิก

complete (verb): to finish something; to bring some project to an end after having done everything successfully - ทำเสร็จ, ทำให้สมบูรณ์

condition : the physical state of a person or animal, especially how healthy they are - อาการ, สุขภาพ

confirm (verb): to state or show that something is definitely true or correct, especially by providing evidence - ยืนยัน

conjunctivitis : an illness in which your eyelid becomes red and swollen - เยื่อตาอักเสบ

connected : linked - เชื่อมต่อ เชื่อมโยง

cranium : skull, the bone that covers the head -

damage (verb): to harm or spoil something/somebody - ทำความเสียหาย

dengue : a very serious illness that you get if a mosquito infected with a particular virus bites you. Dengue fever causes fever, headaches, and pain in the joints - ไข้เลือดออก

dengue fever : a very serious illness that you get if a mosquito infected with a particular virus bites you. Dengue fever causes fever, headaches, and pain in the joints - ไข้เลือดออก

detain (verb): to keep someone in a place and not allowing them to leave - กักตัว ควบคุมตัวหรือฝากขัง

detect : to find or prove that something is present using scientific methods - พบ

detect : to notice, to discover or find out - พบได้, สังเกต

develop (verb): to begin to have something such as a disease or a problem; to start to affect somebody/something - ทำให้ปรากฎ, พัฒนา

director (noun): the head of a large organisation, especially a public organisation - อธิบดี

disease (noun): a health problem and problem with a person's body, often caused by an infection, either from a bacteria or virus - โรค

disorder : an illness or medical condition - ความผิดปกติทางกายหรือใจ

epidemic : a large number of cases of a particular disease happening at the same time in a particular community - โรคระบาด

especially : more with one person, thing, etc. than with others, or more in particular circumstances than in others - โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่ง

evidence : facts, signs or objects that make you believe that something is true - หลักฐาน,ข้อแสดง

expert : someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject - ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ

fever : an abnormally high body temperature - ไข้

headache : a person or thing that causes worry or trouble - ปัญหา

hospitalise : to send somebody to a hospital for treatment - ให้อยู่โรงพยาบาล

indicate : to show that something is true, exists or will happen - แสดง, ทำให้รู้

infant : a baby or a very young child - ทารก, เด็กอ่อน

infection : a disease or medical condition that is caused by a bacteria or by a virus or a parasite - การติดเชื้อ

intelligence : information collected about the secret plans of an enemy, criminal organisations, competitors, etc. - ข่าวกรอง  ข้อมูลลับ

joint : a place where two bones are joined together in the body in a way that enables them to bend and move - ข้อต่อ (กระดูก)

journal : a newspaper or magazine that deals with a particular subject or profession - นิตยสาร, วารสาร

lacking : not having much or enough of something - ขาด

linked : connected - เชื่อมโยง เกี่ยวกับ

local : in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น

male : being a man or a boy - ผู้ชาย

medical : connected with illness and injury and their treatment - ทางการแพทย์, ด้านการแพทย์, เกี่ยวกับการแพทย์

micro (adj.): very small -

microcephaly : abnormal smallness of the head, a congenital condition associated with incomplete brain development (Source: Wikipedia) micro = small + cephaly (about the head) -

mild : not strong - เบา, ไม่หนัก, ไม่รุนแรง

ministry : a government department that has a particular area of responsibility - กระทรวง

mosquito (noun): a small flying insect that bites the skin of people and animals in order to feed on their blood - ยุง

national (adjective): for the whole country - แห่งชาติ, ของชาติ

national : a citizen of a particular country - ประชาชน

neurological : related to the nervous system of the body which includes brain, nerves and spinal chord -

news agency (noun): an organisation that collects news and supplies it to newspapers and television and radio companies - สำนักข่าว, องค์กรรวบรวมข่าวให้สื่อมวลชน

observation : the process of watching someone or something carefully, in order to find something out - การสังเกต

originate : to come from a particular place, time, situation, etc - มาจาก, ริเริ่มจาก

pain : the feelings that you have in your body when you have been hurt or when you are ill/sick; mental or emotional suffering - ความเจ็บปวด

passenger : someone who travels in a motor vehicle, aircraft, train, or ship but is not the driver or one of the people who works on it - ผู้โดยสาร

patient : someone who is receiving medical treatment - คนป่วย, คนไข้

rash : an area of red spots that appear on your skin when you are ill or have a bad reaction to something that you have eaten or touched - ผื่นคัน

recently (adverb): not long ago - เมื่อไม่นานมานี้, เมื่อเร็วๆ นี้

researchers (noun): people who carry out a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it - นักวิจัย

resident : a person who lives in a particular area - ผู้ที่อาศัยในท้องที่

sample : a small amount of a substance that is used for scientific or medical tests - ตัวอย่างทดลอง

scanner : something that looks at or reads something by quickly passing over it -

set off : to start something happening -

severe : very serious and worrying - ที่รุนแรง ที่น่าเป็นห่วง

skin : the outside covering of the body - ผิวหนัง

spread : gradually affecting or covering a larger area - การแพร่กระจาย

suspect : to believe that something is true, especially something bad - สงสัย, เป็นที่สงสัยว่า

suspected : thought to be something - เป็นที่สงสัย

symptom : a sign that someone has an illness - อาการ

temperature : a measurement of how hot or how cold a place or object is - อุณหภูมิ

transmitted (verb): sent, spread from one person or animal to another - ส่ง, ถ่าย

travel advisories : when a government of a country tells people to be careful when traveling to a place -

updated (adjective): when something old is changed to make it newer, such as adding new features -

vacation : holiday; a period of time spent travelling or resting away from home - ลาพักผ่อน, ลาพักร้อน

victim : someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as a disaster, illness or an accident - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย

virus (noun): a living thing, too small to be seen without a microscope, that causes infectious disease in people, animals and plants - เชื้อไวรัส

welfare (noun): good care and living conditions - ความสะดวกสบาย, ความมีสุขภาพดี, สวัสดิภาพ

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