His selected cabinet ministers look on as Philippine president-elect Rodrigo Duterte calls for vigilante killings of drug dealers and corrupt journalists during a press conference at his Davao office. (AFP photo)
Journalists are legitimate targets for extra-judicial killing, Philippine president-elect Duterte said Tuesday as he amped up his controversial anti-crime crusade.
JOURNALISM & EXTRA-JUDICIAL KILLINGS
Philippines' president-to-be endorses killing journalists
AFP News agency
Thailand experienced a brief spate of extra-judicial killings in 2003 during Thaksin's so-called "War on Drugs" during which allegedly thousands died in mysterious killings that have never been fully researched or explained (see here, here, here & here).
"Extrajudicial killing" is the killing of criminal suspects (usually by police, soldiers or organised crime collaborating with police) without an adequate trial where evidence is presented and proof that the suspect is actually guilty of a crime deserving a death sentence and execution is established.
Perhaps under the pressure of international condemnation, Thailand turned away from the policies that encouraged extra-judicial killings and such a spate of mass killings has not been repeated in Thailand since.
Now, the Philippines seems destined to walk the same path.
That journalists may become the target is especially scary.
JOURNALISTS AS TARGETS OF EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING
Philippine president-elect Rodrigo Duterte said Tuesday that "corrupt" journalists were legitimate targets for assassination (extra-judicial killing).
The president-elect endorsed the extra-judicial killing of journalists as he amped up his controversial anti-crime crusade with offers of rewards for killing drug traffickers.
PLEDGED KILLING SPREE TO END ALL CRIME
Duterte was voted in on an anti - crime agenda, pledging to kill tens of thousands of criminals.
Duterte won May's election by a landslide largely due to an explosive law-and-order platform in which he pledged to end crime within six months by killing tens of thousands of suspected criminals.
TIRADES OF FOUL-MOUTHED POLITICIAN
The foul-mouthed politician has launched a series of post - election tirades against criminals and repeated his vows to kill them -- particularly drug traffickers, rapists and murderers.
In a press conference called on Tuesday to announce his cabinet in his southern hometown of Davao, Duterte said journalists who took bribes or engaged in other corrupt activities also deserved to die.
PROBLEM OF MEDIA KILLINGS IN THE PHILIPPINES
"Just because you're a journalist you are not exempted from assassination, if you're a son of a bitch," the president-elect said when asked how he would address the problem of media killings in the Philippines after a reporter was shot dead in Manila last week.
The Philippines is one of the most dangerous nations in the world for journalists, with 174 murdered since a chaotic and corruption - plagued democracy replaced the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos three decades ago.
"Under Marcos... military murder was the apex of a pyramid of terror—3,257 killed, 35,000 tortured, and 70,000 incarcerated," according to University of Wisconsin historian of the Philippines Alfred McCoy (see here).
POSSIBLE DEATH PENALTY FOR DEFAMATION
"Most of those killed, to be frank, have done something."
"You won't be killed if you don't do anything wrong," Duterte said, adding that many journalists in the Philippines were corrupt.
Duterte also said freedom of expression provisions in the constitution did not necessarily protect a person from violent repercussions for defamation, such as death.
"That can't be just freedom of speech. The constitution can no longer help you if you disrespect a person," he said.
DUTERTE CRITIC DESERVED TO DIE
Duterte raised the case of Jun Pala, a journalist and politician who was murdered in Davao in 2003.
Gunmen on a motorcycle shot dead Pala, who was a vocal critic of Duterte.
His murder has never been solved.
"If you are an upright journalist, nothing will happen to you," said Duterte.
Duterte has ruled Davao as mayor for most of the past two decades and is accused of links to vigilante death squads.
"The example here is Pala. I do not want to diminish his memory but he was a rotten son of a bitch. He deserved it." (to die)
MAGUINDANAO MASSACRE: 58 JOURNALISTS DEAD
One of the world's deadliest attacks against journalists took place in the Philippines in 2009.
32 journalists were among 58 people killed by the warlord Ampatuan family intent on stopping a rival's election challenge.
For six years, more than 100 people have been on trial for the massacre (mass killings), including many members of the Ampatuan family accused of planning and orchestrating the killings
The trial has been plagued by problems with getting witnesses to testify and judges to preside over the trial when there is obvious danger to their lives.
DUTERTE APPOINTS LAWYER OF FAMILY WHICH ORCHESTRATED KILLINGS
Duterte has named Salvador Panelo, the former defence lawyer for the Ampatuan family in the mass-murder trial, as his presidential spokesman, a nomination criticised by the victims' families and journalists' organisations.
Duterte, who will assume office on June 30, also said he would offer bounties to law enforcement officers who killed drug traffickers.
HIRED KILLERS TO BE EMPLOYED BY GOVT
He said three million pesos ($21,000) would be paid to law enforcers for killing drug lords, with lesser amounts for lower-ranking people in drug syndicates.
Outlining some of his other plans for his war on crime, Duterte said he would give police special forces shoot-to-kill orders and send them into the main jail in Manila where prisoners run drug trafficking operations allegedly.
JUNIOR SOLDIERS WILL KILL CORRUPT SENIOR POLICE
Duterte also said he would enlist junior soldiers to kill corrupt top-ranking police officers who were involved in the drug trade.
"I will call the private from the army and say: 'Shoot him'," Duterte said.
START THE KILLING NOW, DON'T WAIT FOR ME
Duterte also urged police not to wait until he assumed the presidency, and start killing criminals immediately. "Now, now," he urged them.
Police earlier confirmed killing 15 people in a series of drug raids across the country over the past week, which the human rights organization Amnesty International described as a sharp and sudden escalation in the long-standing problem of questionable deaths by Filipino security forces.
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according to (prep): as stated or reported by somebody/something - ตามคำบอกเล่า, ตามรายงาน
accuse : to say that someone has done something wrong or committed a crime - กล่าวหา
accused : to be said to have done something wrong or committed a crime - ถูกกล่าวหา
activity (noun): a thing that you do for work, interest or pleasure, or in order to achieve a particular aim - กิจกรรม
address : to try to deal with a problem or question - จัดการกับปัญหา
adj (noun): connected with soldiers or the armed forces - ในทางทหาร,เกี่ยวกับทหาร
agenda : a set of goals - เบื้องลึก
allegedly : claimed to have done something wrong, but not yet proven - ที่กล่าวหา
announce : to tell people something officially, especially about a decision, plans, etc - ประกาศ, แจ้ง, แจ้งให้ทราบ
anti (adjective): against - ตรงกันข้าม, ต้าน
apex : the top; the highest point -
assassination : the murder of a famous or important person, especially for political reasons - การลอบสังหาร
bounty : money given as a reward, of for helping catch or kill a criminal - เงินรางวัล
bribe : money or a present given to someone so that they will help you doing something dishonest or illegal - สินบน
cabinet : the group of government ministers who make and approve government policy - คณะรัฐมนตรี
case : a matter that is being officially investigated or heard by a court - คดี
chaotic : happening in a confused way and without any order or organisation - ยุ่งเหยิง วุ่นวาย
collaborate : to work together with someone else - ร่วมมือ
condemnation : a public statement in which someone criticises someone or something severely - การประนามหยามเหยียด
constitution : the set of laws and basic principles that a country in governed by - รัฐธรรมนูญ
corrupt (adj.): (people) willing to use their power to do dishonest or illegal things in return for money or to get an advantage - (ผู้)ทุจริต, (ผู้)โกง
crime : an illegal activity or action - อาชญากรรม
criminal : relating to illegal acts - เกี่ยวกับอาชญากรรม
criminal : someone who has committed a crime, i.e., someone who has carried out an illegal activity or action - ผู้ที่ทำผิดกฎหมาย
critic : a person who expresses disapproval of somebody/something and talks about their bad qualities, especially publicly - ผู้วิจารณ์, ผู้จับผิด, ผู้วิเคราะห์
criticised : receiving words of disapproval over something that you have supposedly done wrong - ถูกวิจารณ์, โดนว่า
death sentence : the legal punishment of being killed for a serious crime - การลงโทษประหารชีวิต
death squad : a gang of people who secretly kill people -
decades : periods of ten years - เป็นสิบๆปี
defamation : the offence of writing or saying something bad about someone that is not true and makes people have a bad opinion of them - การใส่ร้าย
defence lawyer : a lawyer whose job is to prove in court that a person did not commit a crime - ทนายจำเลย
deserve : of something that you earn or are given because of your behavior or qualities - สมควรได้รับ
destined : certain to do something,or certain to happen in the future - ซึ่งมุ่งหน้าไปทาง, ซึ่งถูกกำหนดไว้ล่วงหน้าแล้ว
dictatorship : a government having complete power and which does not rule democratically - เผด็จการ
diminish : to gradually become less - ลดลง, อ่อนแรง
disrespect : to treat someone or something without respect - ไม่นับถือ,ไม่มีสัมมาคารวะ
drug trafficker : someone in the business of buying and selling drugs illegally - ผู้ลักลอบค้ายาเสพติด
due to : because of - เนื่องจาก
election (noun): the process of choosing a person or a group of person for a position, especially by voting - การเลือกตั้ง
encourage : to cause someone to be more likely to happy - กระตุ้น
engage : to cause to take part in a particular activity - ให้มีส่วนร่วมใน
engage in : to take part in a particular activity - มีส่วนร่วมใน
enlist : to ask for and get help or support from someone - ขอความช่วยเหลือ
escalation (noun): an increase or strengthening, often by becoming much worse or more serious, or making something do this - การเพิ่มขึ้น, การยกระดับ, การเลวร้ายลง
especially : more with one person, thing, etc. than with others, or more in particular circumstances than in others - โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่ง
establish : to determine; to discover something by examining evidence to or calculate something - กำหนด, ระบุ, แสดงผล
evidence : facts statements or objects that help to prove whether or not someone has committed a crime - หลักฐาน
execution (noun): the act of killing somebody, especially as a legal punishment; capital punishment - การประหารชีวิต
exempted : not having to follow a rule or obligation or make a payment - ยกเว้น
explosive (adj): in a way that is likely to strong feelings of anger or hatred - ซึ่งสามารถระเบิดได้, รุนแรง
extra-judicial killing (noun): a killing (normally carried out by police and often in self defence) that has not been officially approved by a court - วิสามัญฆาตกรรม
frank : honest about the situation or your opinions, even if this offends people - ตรงไปตรงมา, ไม่อ้อมค้อม
freedom of expression : the freedom to publicly say or do what you want (within limits of the law) - เสรีภาพในการพูดหรือการแสดงออก
guilty : having been decided by a court of law that you committed the crime your were accused of - มีความผิด
gunmen : a hired killer; a person hired to kill with a gun; a hitman - มือปืน
historian (noun): a person who studies or writes about history; an expert in history - นักประวัติศาสตร์, ผู้เชี่ยวชาญเกี่ยวกับประวัติศาสตร์
human rights : the basic rights which it is generally considered all people should have, such as justice and the freedom to say what you think - สิทธิมนุษยชน
incarcerated : kept in a prison - ถูกขังคุก, ถูกจำคุก
international : connected with or involving two or more countries - นานาชาติ, สากล, ระหว่างประเทศ
involved (verb): taking part or having a role in something - เกี่ยวข้อง, มีบทบาท
journalist : a person who writes news stories or articles for a newspaper or magazine or broadcasts them on radio or television - ผู้สื่อข่าว
landslide : a situation in which a person or political party wins an election by a very large margin - ถล่มทลาย
largely (adverb): mostly -
launch : starting something - การเริ่มต้น
law enforcement : the process of making sure that people obey the law - การบังคับใช้กฎหมาย
law-and-order : a policy of getting tough on crime fighting -
legitimate : reasonable and acceptable - ถูกต้องสมควร
links : connections - ความเชื่อมโยงกัน
mass : large numbers - จำนวนมหาศาล
massacre : the action of killing a lot of people - การสังหารหมู่
mayor : the most important elected official in a town or city - นายกเทศมนตรี
media : radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group - สื่อ
member : a person, a country or an organization that has joined a particular group, club or team - สมาชิก
memory (noun): something that you remember from the past; the ability to remember information, experiences and people - ความจำ
murder (noun): the crime of intentionally killing a person - ฆาตกรรม
murder (noun): the crime of intentionally killing a person - ฆาตกรรม, การฆาตกรรม
murderer : a person who commits the crime of intentionally killing a person - ฆาตกร
mysterious : not explained or understood; full of secrets - น่าพิศวง, น่าประหลาด
nation : a country considered as a group of people with the same language, culture and history, who live in a particular area under one government; all the people in a country - ประเทศ, คนในประเทศ
obvious : clear; easy to see, recognise or understand - ชัดเจน
orchestrate : to plan and organise a complicated event or activity - จัดการ, วางแผน
organised crime : a criminal organisation that makes money from crime; gang - แก๊ง, กลุ่มโจร
outline (verb): to give the main ideas of a plan or a piece of writing without giving all the details - สรุปส่วนสำคัญ
particularly : especially, or more than usual - โดยเฉพาะ
path : a way or track for people to move or walk along - ทาง, ทางเดิน, เส้นทาง
perhaps (adv): possibly - บางที
plagued : caused a lot of problems for someone or something for a long period of time - ทำให้ยุ่งยาก ลำบากมานาน
platform; manifesto : the aims of a political party and the things they say they will do if they win an election - นโยบาย
pledged : seriously promised to do something - สาบาน
policy (noun): a set of plans or action agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group - นโยบาย
politician : a person whose job is concerned with politics, especially as an elected member of parliament, etc. - นักการเมือง
post : after -
present (verb): to show - แสดง
presidency (noun): the job of being president of a country or an organization; the period of time somebody holds this job - ตำแหน่งประธานาธิบดี
president-elect : the candidate who won the presidential election but has not yet taken power - ว่าที่ประธานาธิบดีที่ได้รับเลือกตั้งแต่ยังไม่ได้เข้าพิธีสาบานตนรับตำแหน่ง
press conference : an official meeting where someone makes a formal statement about a particular issue or event to journalists and answers their questions about it - การแถลงข่าว
pressure : a force pressing against something - ความกดดัน
private : the lowest rank of soldier in the army - พลทหาร
proof : information, documents, etc. that show that something is true - การพิสูจน์
protect : to make sure that somebody/something is not harmed, injured, damaged, etc - ป้องกัน,อารักขา,คุ้มกัน
provision : a part of an agreement or law that deals with a particular problem - มาตรา, บทบัญญัติ,
pyramid : an organization or a system in which there are fewer things at each level as you get near the top; a solid shape with a square or triangular base and sloping sides that meet in a point at the top - พีระมิด, รูปกรวยเหลี่ยม
questionable : involving doubts about whether something has been done properly - ที่น่าสงสัย
raid : to use force to enter a place suddenly in order to arrest people or search for something such as illegal weapons or drugs - บุกเข้าจับ, เข้าตรวจค้น
rapist : someone who commits the crime of forcing someone to have sex -
repeated (adj): something that happens again, i.e., which is very similar to a previous happen - การกระทำซ้ำ
research : a careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or information about it - การวิจัย
rotten : spoiled; decayed - เน่า เสีย
rule : control over the government of a country - การปกครอง
scary : frightening - น่าตกใจ, น่ากลัว
security forces (noun): members of the military (army, navy, air force, and similar organizations) or police -
sentence : a punishment given by a court of law - การตัดสินลงโทษ
situation : all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place - สถานการณ์
so-called : used for saying that a particular word is usually used for referring to someone or something - ที่เป็นที่รู้กัน
son of a bitch : a very bad person; a swear word meaning "son of a dog" -
spate : a large number of things of the same type, usually bad things, that suddenly happen in a very short period of time - ปริมาณมากมาย,จำนวนมากมาย
special forces (noun): a police or military unit specially-trained to carry out sudden attacks - กองกำลังพิเศษ
spokesman : a person who speaks on behalf of a group or an organization - โฆษก
spree (noun): a period of time when you do a lot of some activity -- good, such as eating or shopping or bad, such as killing -
suspect : a person who is thought to have committed a crime - ผู้ต้องสงสัย
syndicate : a group of people or companies who work together and help each other in order to achieve a particular aim - สมาคม, องค์การ, สหการ , การรวมกลุ่มเป็นสมาคม
target (noun): an object, person, business, building, area, etc., that someone intends to attack, deal with or find - เป้าหมาย
terror : violence used for making people very frightened in order to achieve political aims - การก่อการร้าย การสร้างความหวาดกลัว
testify : to make a statement about something that you saw, know, or experienced, usually in a court of law or an official investigation - ให้การเป็นพยาน
tirade : a angry speech criticising somebody/something or accusing somebody of something - การพูดประณามที่เผ็ดร้อน,การปราศรัยที่ดุเดือด
torture : causing great physical or mental pain to someone intentionally - ทรมานให้เจ็บปวด
trafficker : someone in the business of buying and selling things illegally or of illegally transporting people for work in other countries or areas - ผู้ลักลอบค้าสินค้าผิดกฎหมายหรือลักลอบขายแรงงานผิดกฎหมาย
trial : the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone has or has not committed a crime - การพิจารณาคดี
university (noun): a school where students study for BA, MA, MS and PhD degrees and where research is done - มหาวิทยาลัย
upright (adj.): placed in a vertical position; - ที่ตั้งขึ้น, ที่ตั้งตรง
urge : to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take - ผลักดัน, กระตุ้น
vigilante (noun): a member of a group of people who try to prevent crime or punish criminals in their community, especially because they think the police are not doing this - กลุ่มคนลงโทษผู้กระทำผิดโดยพลการ (โดยไม่มีอำนาจตามกฎหมาย)
violent : involving or caused by physical force that is intended to hurt or kill somebody - รุนแรง, ร้ายแรง, สาหัส
vocal : expressing opinions frequently and strongly - แสดงความเห็น
vow : a serious promise - สาบาน
witness : someone who tells a court or investigators what they know about a crime or other legal case. - พยาน
worthy : deserving; having qualities that cause respect - สมควร, น่ายกย่อง