Over 70% fail Cambodian national exam (Updated)

Over 70% fail Cambodian national exam (Updated)

In 2012 and 2013, more than 80 percent of the Grade 12 high school students taking the national exam passed it. In 2014, 70 percent failed. The difference? This year cheating was not tolerated.

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Proctors frisk students during the annual national high school graduation exam in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, preventing them from bringing cheating materials. Photo from @angkor.co

Afternoon update

Today's Phnom Penh Post provides some additional information, including the news that those who failed will get a second chance to pass:

"More than 93,000 candidates sat the exams on August 4 and 5, but only 11 received the top A grade. Two hundred and nineteen students received B’s, 907 received C’s, 1,823 received D’s and 20,157, received the lowest passing grade, an E."

But for those who failed, there is still hope. "Failing students will have another chance on October 13 and 14. On August 11, Hun Sen announced there would be a re-test under the same conditions."

More than 70% fail Cambodian national exam

In 2012 and 2013, more than 80 percent of the Grade 12 high school students who took the Cambodian national examation, passed it. This year, 70 percent failed.

The education ministry said that of the 89,937 students who took exam on Aug 4, only 23,126 of them, or 25.72 percent passed.

The difference, according to education ministry spokesman Ros Saline, was simple. This year, the ministry introduced strict measures at testing centres to prevent cheating.

Previously, cheating had been the norm in Cambodia, with students bribing exam supervisors to take answer sheets into the classroom or using their mobile phones to cheat under the noses of bribed proctors.

A letter writer to the Phnom Penh Post who observed the testing process at one examination centre had this to say about the new procedures.

"While bribery and cheating were rampant in the past decade, this time, students were allowed to bring just three items into testing rooms: a pen, a pencil and a ruler. However, there were still some irregularities, including attempts to bribe proctors and students looking at each other’s papers during the test.

"There were also some reports of observers being taunted, threatened or physically attacked by students for catching them cheating. However, these irregularities were minimal."

Story contains information from the Kyodo News Service and the Phnom Penh Post.

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Vocabulary

  • annual: happening every year - ทุกๆปีด, ประจำปี
  • bribery: the crime of giving money or presents to someone so that they will help you by doing something dishonest or illegal - การให้สินบน
  • bribing: giving money or presents to someone so that they will help you by doing something dishonest or illegal - ติดสินบน
  • candidate (noun): a person or group that is considered suitable for something or that is likely to get something or to be something - ผู้สมัคร, ผู้ท้าชิง, ผู้แข่งขั
  • cheating (noun): acting in a dishonest way in order to gain an advantage คนโกง, คนหลอกลวง - การโกง
  • decade: a period of ten years - ทศวรรษ
  • frisk (verb): to pass your hands over somebody's body to search them for hidden weapons, drugs, etc. - ค้นตัว
  • graduation: the act of successfully completing a university degree, or studies at an American high school; a ceremony at which degrees, etc. are officially given out - การสำเร็จการศึกษา, การได้รับปริญญา
  • irregularity: a situation in which the rules, laws, or usual ways of doing things have not been followed - การปฏิบัติที่ไม่เป็นไปตามระเบียบปกติ
  • measures: actions that are intended to achieve or deal with something - มาตราการ
  • minimal: very small in amount - น้อยที่สุด, น้อยมาก
  • norm (noun): a situation or type of behavior that is expected and considered to be typical - มาตรฐาน, ปกติ, ภาวะปกติ
  • observe: to watch or study someone or something with care - สังเกตการณ์
  • prevent (verb): to stop somebody from doing something; to stop something from happening - ขัดขวาง, ป้องกัน, กัน, กีดขวาง
  • procedure: a way of doing something - ขั้นตอนการดำเนินการ
  • proctor: the person who oversees and controls the giving of tests and exams, watching students to make sure they do not cheat - ผู้ควบคุมการสอบ
  • rampant: existing, happening or spreading in an uncontrolled way - รุกลาม อาละวาด กำเริบ รุนแรงจนควบคุมไว้ไม่ได้
  • simple: easy to understand; not complicated - ง่าย,ไม่ยุ่งยาก, ไม่ซับซ้อน
  • strict: demanding that rules are obeyed; very careful and exact - เข้มงวด
  • supervisor: someone who is in charge of an activity, a place, or a group of people such as workers or students - ผู้ควบคุมดูแล, หัวหน้างาน
  • taunt: to shout cruel things at someone (or perform inappropriate actions) in order to make them angry or upset - พูดส่อเสียดเสียดสี
  • threaten (verb): to say or indicate that you might do something bad or harmful, especially in order to make someone do something - ขู่เข็ญ คุกคาม ทำให้กลัว
  • under the nose of (idiom): openingly, easily seen by someone, especially when doing something bad or illegal - อย่างเปิดเผย, ไม่มีความลับ

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