"Miracle" treatment saves baby cancer victim | Bangkok Post: learning

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"Miracle" treatment saves baby cancer victim

Little Layla Richards, who just weeks ago seemed certain to die soon, nows appears to be a normal healthy one-year-old child. (From BBC video)

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Why study science? Perhaps someday you'll be able to design treatments that can rid the world of dreaded diseases like cancer. Here's an example.

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"Miracle" treatment saves baby cancer victim

Scientists in Britain have designed cancer-fighting cells that appeared to have cured a dying one-year-old girl.

Layla Richards, was diagnosed with an aggressive form of leukaemia when she was only 14 months old. All treatments, including a bone marrow transplant, failed and doctors at Great Ormond Street Hospital feared the worst.

Her parents were told that Layla's time was short and they should "make memories" while they could.

Her parents refused to give up, however, and doctors, with the parents permission, decided on an experimental treatment that had worked with mice, but never had been tried with humans.

White blood cells, T cells, were taken from a healthy donor and modified so that they could seek out and kill drug-resistant leukaemia.

After the treatment, Layla began to improve almost immediately. A few weeks later, doctors told her parents that the treatment had worked.

They stress that it might not work for everyone and it is not a proven cure for leukaemia, but they are very excited for Layla and the future of "designer cell" treatments.

Adapted from AFP and BBC sources

Future scientists: You can get a good idea of how the "designer" treatment worked from the video and this story: http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/how-miracle-leukaemia-cure-works-6776752

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Vocabulary:

aggressive (adj): acting with force and determination in order to succeed; attacking quickly and violently - ซึ่งลุกลามอย่างรวดเร็ว

appear : to seem - ดูเหมือนจะ, ดูเหมือนว่า

cancer : a serious disease in which growths of cells, also called cancers, form in the body and kill normal body cells. The disease often causes death - มะเร็ง

cell (noun): the smallest unit of living matter that can exist on its own. All plants and animals are made up of cells - เซลล์, หน่วยพื้นฐานของสิ่งมีชีวิต

cure : making someone/something healthy or in good condition again - การรักษาให้หาย, การรักษา

cure : to make someone with an illness healthy again - รักษา, รักษาให้หาย

diagnosed (verb): having found out what physical or mental problem someone has by examining them - วินิจฉัยโรค, พบสาเหตุ

donor (noun): a person who gives blood or a part of his or her body to be used by doctors in medical treatment - ผู้บริจาค, ผู้ให้, ผู้บริจาคเลือด

experimental (adj.): connected with scientific experiments; based on new ideas, forms or methods that are used to find out what effect they have - เป็นการทดลอง, เกี่ยวกับการทดลองทางวิทยาศาสตร์

fear the worst (idiom): expecting something very bad to happen, e.g. death or defeat -

give up : to admit that you can’t succeed and stop trying - ยอมแพ้

immediately (adv): happening right after something else with no delay; right away - ทันที

improve : to get better - ดีขึ้น

marrow : a soft substance that fills the hollow parts of bones - ไขกระดูก

memory (noun): something that you remember from the past; the ability to remember information, experiences and people - ความจำ

miracle : an unusual and mysterious event that is thought to have been caused by a god or something not understood, or any very surprising and unexpected event which seems to be impossible - เรื่องมหัศจรรย์, ปาฏิหาริย์

modified (verb): changed slightly, especially in order to improve it or use it in different way - ดัดแปลง; ถูกดัดแปลง

permission : allowing someone to do something - การอนุญาต,การอนุมัติ,การยินยอม

proven : when facts, evidence, etc. show that something is true - พิสูจน์

refuse (verb): to say or show that you will not do something; to say or show that you will not do something that someone has asked you to do - ปฏิเสธ

resistant (adj): not harmed or affected by something - ต้าน,ต่อต้าน, ต้านทาน

seek (verb): to look for; to try to find - มองหา, ค้นหา

stress : to emphasise something such as an idea, fact or detail; to explain why something is important - เน้น

transplant : a medical operation in which a damaged organ, etc. is replaced with one from another person - การปลูกถ่าย

treatment : the process of providing medical care - การรักษา

victim : someone who has been affected by a bad situation, such as a disaster, illness or an accident - เหยื่อผู้เคราะห์ร้าย

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