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Geckos slowly disappearing

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The funny sounding colorful lizards on the walls of every home are a very popular Chinese medicine.

The Tokay Gecko, a lizard known for a croaking sound and bright colourful spots (Source: Wkipedia)

Click button to listen to Threat to Geckos from Medical Trade download

WILDLIFE

Gecko threatened by medicine trade

11 Apr 2013
AFP

Wild populations of Southeast Asia's striking Tokay Gecko are in danger of being over-hunted for use in Chinese medicine (TRAFFIC/AFP)

Activists warned Thursday that wild populations of Southeast Asia's striking Tokay Gecko were in danger of being over-hunted for use in traditional medicine in China and other countries.

Calling the trade "colossal", wildlife trade monitoring network TRAFFIC called on authorities in the region to implement tougher regulations and limits on commerce involving the lizard, the second-largest gecko species.

"The majority of Tokay Geckos consumed as part of this trade are harvested from the wild," said a new TRAFFIC study.

It added that despite high reproductive rates and adaptability, Tokay Gecko populations "are still susceptible to over-harvesting" and said population declines have been reported in countries like Thailand and Indonesia.

The Tokay Gecko measures up to 40 centimetres ... long and over 300 grams.... in weight and is distinguished by a brilliant coating of spots that range from bright yellow to red and its loud croaking call.

An orange-spotted Tokay Gecko (TRAFFIC Southeast Asia/AFP/File, O.Caillabet)

It ranges throughout Southeast Asia and is not a protected species in most countries.

It is used in traditional medicines in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Vietnam to treat asthma, diabetes and other ailments, TRAFFIC said, adding that an individual specimen can command hundreds of dollars.

TRAFFIC said while the overall volume of the trade was not known, import data showed Taiwan alone has imported 15 million of the geckos since 2004.

Trade accelerated in recent years amid rumours the geckos could help cure AIDS, which the World Health Organization has refuted.

TRAFFIC said that belief has since faded but the traditional-medicine trade continued, and called for research to gauge the impact on wild populations.

(Source: Bangkok Post, Wildlife, Gecko threatened by medicine trade, 11 Apr 2013, AFP, link also at Google)


Threatened Wildlife Vocabulary

Tokay Gecko - a lizard that lives in the trees and is awake at night, lives in the jungle and enters homes roaming walls and ceilings at night in search of insects, found in Thailand, India and other places in Southeast Asia ตุ๊กแก (See Wikipedia & listen to mating call)

TRAFFIC - a world organization that works to protect plants and animals that are disappearing: "the wildlife trade monitoring network, is an international organization dedicated to ensuring that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature" (See Wikipedia)

wild - 1. in a place where people do not live like the jungle; 2. an animal from the jungle, not raised by people  ซึ่งมาจากป่า, ซึ่งอยู่ในป่า
wildlife -
animals, birds, insects, etc. that are wild and live in a natural environment such as the jungle สัตว์ป่า
threatened - in danger (something might happen to cause damage or injury)
spots - a small area of colour จุด, ลายจุด
spotted - when something has spots on it 
border - the official line separating two areas, regions or countries เขตแดน อาณาเขต
trade - the buying and selling of goods การค้าขาย
activist –
someone who takes part in activities that are intended to achieve political or social change, especially someone who is a member of an organisation นักกิจกรรม

population - the group of people, animals or plants that live in one country, area or place กลุ่มพืชและสัตว์ที่อาศัยอยู่ในบริเวณหนึ่ง
striking - very noticeable, different, and unusual เด่นชัด
traditional - things (clothes, music, customs, etc.) that have been part of a country or society for a long time
traditional medicine - the old-style medicine that uses herbs, massage and avoids drugs and surgery

colossal - very large; enormous, immense มหึมา,  ใหญ่โต
monitoring - watching something closely and checking for problems จับตาดู
network - a large system of connected parts, organisations, people, etc. เครือข่าย
call on - ask or request someone to do something
authorities - government officials; the police or people who have the legal power to make people obey laws or rules เจ้าหน้าที่ (ตำรวจ หรือผู้มีอำนาจ)
implement - put a plan into action, make a plan work นำมาใช้  นำ แผนหรือนโยบายมาปฏิบัติ
regulations - rules made by the government to control how some activity is done กฎระเบียบ ระเบียบ ข้อบังคับ  ระเบียบปฏิบัติ
commerce - the activity of buying and selling goods
lizard - a small animal with a long tail and rough skin that lives in hot places สัตว์เลื้อยคลานพวกจิ้งจกหรือตุ๊กแก (See Wikipedia)
species
- a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other พันธ์,จำพวก
protected species - a kind of animal that is disappearing so there are special laws that prevent people from killing it or catching it

majority - more than 50 percent of a group; more than half of a group ส่วนมาก; ส่วนใหญ่; เสียงส่วนมาก
consume -  use or eat something บริโภค
reproduction - having babies  การแพร่พันธุ์,  การสืบพันธุ์
reproductive - related to having babies  เกี่ยวกับการสืบพันธุ์
reproductive rates - the speed that they have babies
adaptability - able to change in order to survive in conditions and situations
susceptible - vulnerable, weak and lacking protection from something happening to it อ่อนแอ ซึ่งบาดเจ็บได้ง่าย,  ซึ่งถูกทำลายได้ง่าย,  ไม่มั่นคง, ที่มีจุดอ่อน
harvest - collect a crop from the fields or from some other place การเก็บเกี่ยว

measures - actions taken to solve a problem มาตรการ
distinguish - differentiate, discriminate ทำให้เห็นความแตกต่าง, แบ่งแยก, แยกแยะ, จำแนกความแตกต่าง
brilliant - แพรวพราย,  สวยงาม,  สุกใส
coating
- ชั้นบางๆ ที่ใช้ปกคลุม,  ชั้นเหนือผิวหน้า, สิ่งปกคลุม
range from X to Y - a number of different things that are of the same general type ขอบข่าย, ประเภท
bright  - full of light, with a strong colour สว่าง
croak -
to make a sound like a frog ร้องเสียงอย่างกบ
call -
the sound that an animal makes (when communicating with other animals, such as a yell, cry, whoop) การเรียก,  การตะโกนเรียก 

ranges throughout - moves around, walks around, lives and hunts for food in an area
treat - treat a disease, when a doctor takes action to cure a disease and make people healthy
asthma - a long-term condition in which the lungs become inflammed and breathing difficult โรคหอบหืด (See Wikipedia)
diabetes - a serious medical condition in which your body does not produce enough insulin to reduce the amount of sugar in the blood โรคเบาหวาน (See Wikipedia)
ailment - a sickness, an illness, a health problem ความเจ็บไข้, ความเจ็บป่วย, อาการป่วย

individual - relating to or involving a single, separate person or thing แต่ละบุคคล
specimen - an example of something such as an animal or plant ตัวอย่าง, สิ่งตัวอย่าง, สิ่งแสดง
command hundreds of dollars - can get the high price of hundreds of dollars

overall - including everything, all of it, the total, the whole ทั้งหมด
volume - the quantity or amount of something
import - to buy or bring in products from another country นำเข้า
data - facts or information used for making calculations or decisions ข้อมูล

accelerate -
when something goes faster and faster, speed up, quicken เร่งความเร็ว, เพิ่มความเร็ว
rumours - stories or pieces of information that people are talking about (that may or may not be true, not proven yet)
refute -  to prove that something is not true พิสูจน์ว่าไม่จริง

belief -  a strong feeling that something is true or real ความเชื่อ
faded - slowly and gradually dissappeared (slowly ceased to exist)
gauge - measure; to make a judgment or guess about a situation, action or person based on the information that you have
impact - an effect or influence ผลกระทบ

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