Oil spill hits beach at Koh Samet island (Update 2) | Bangkok Post: learning

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Oil spill hits beach at Koh Samet island (Update 2)

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Navy & PTT rush to control oil at popular tourism resort island Koh Samet.

Boats spraying dispersant sail directly into the 50,000-litre drifting oil spill, as experts battle to clean up the ocean before the oil slick hits the Rayong beaches. (Photo courtesy of Royal Thai Navy)

Update 2: Impact on marine animals: 

"An initial survey by the department has indicated the oil spill has affected coral reefs in shallow water and it could take more than just a few years to rehabilitate the affected areas.

"Thon Thamrong-nawasawat, a marine science expert at Kasetsart University's faculty of fisheries, said most coral reef in Ao Phrao is hump coral which grows very slowly at 1-4 centimetres a year.

"The oil slick has also affected small fish living among the coral. These species cannot swim far from their habitats and were among several marine animals in danger.

"Ao Phrao is the most important coral site on the western side of Koh Samet. We don't know how long it will take to recover from the impacts of this spill and how much damage has been caused there."

See photos of the oil slick on the beach at Koh Samet, panoramic photo here

Update 1: Democrat MP for Rayong province Satit Pituthecha accused PTT 'hiding the truth' of oil spill (read here). 

PTT Global Chemical Plc (PTTGC) chief executive Anon Sirisaengtaksin made a formal apology, admitted the company "underestimated" the extent of the oil spill which "sneaked out" of the contained area. The company is insured for US$50 million (1.55 billion baht) (read here). 

In 2009, another PTT subsidiary was involved in the Montara oil spill, one of the Australia’s worst oil disasters, in the Timor Sea off western Australia.

Oil slick washes up on Samet island

29/07/2013 

Online Reporters

Oil spill dispersants were deployed from a hastily assembled flotilla of ships and boats from the Royal Thai Navy and other sources, in an apparently successful effort to stop the slick from reaching shore. (Photo by Panumas Sanguanwong).

PTT ... and at least 300 navy soldiers are cleaning up the damage caused by an oil slick that has polluted Ao Phrao beach on Samet island.

...on Monday the oil entered the bay and washed up on the  beach at Ao Phrao, on the western part of the island, on Sunday night.

The oil slick has affected the entire beach of the small bay. PTT personnel... and navy ... deployed to the area on Sunday were cleaning it up. It was hoped the clean-up would be complete later on Monday...

Clean-up crews were also working to further contain the main slick and prevent it moving to Phae beach on the mainland of Rayong's Phae district, as the wind is moving it in that direction...

... the oil slick that washed up on the island is about one-tenth of the 50,000 litres of oil that leaked into the sea on Saturday off the eastern coast at the Map Ta Phut industrial estate in the province.

Oil spill clean-up at Ao Phrao beach at Koh Samet.

A Samet park official said tourists were evacuated from Ao Phrao. Other beaches on the island were unaffected...

The oil slick was caused by a leak in a PTT pipeline carrying crude oil being unloaded by an offshore tanker to its refinery about 6.50am on Saturday.

The leak location is about 20 kilometres southeast of the Map Ta Phut industrial estate.

..the leak occurred in the pipeline at a single point mooring.

A single point mooring is an offshore-anchored buoy used as a device to transfer oil from the sea to a tanker.

It is attached to the tanker to prevent it from drifting during the transfer process.

The company said the incident occurred as an oil tanker transferred crude oil via the buoy to supply to the company's oil refinery on the shore.

Shortly after the leak, workers rushed to close the valves of the oil pipeline immediately to stop any further leaks.

A 200-metre-long boom was placed around the floating oil to prevent the oil slick from spreading further.

Workers also used oil skimmers to remove the oil and put it in containers on board the ship.

Four ships were deployed to spray about 35,000 litres of oil-spill dispersants to clean up the oil slick on the sea surface...

http://bangkokpost.com/breakingnews/362024/crews-cleaning-up-oil-polluted-ao-phrao-beach

http://bangkokpost.com/news/local/361829/huge-oil-slick-drifts-towards-rayong

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Vocabulary:

accuse : to say that someone has done something wrong or committed a crime - กล่าวหา

admit : to agree that something is true, especially when you are unhappy, sorry or surprised about it - ยอมรับ

anchor : to prevent a boat from moving by dropping a large very heavy object (an anchor) connected to the ship into the water - ทอดสมอ

apology : an act of saying sorry - คำขอโทษ

attach : to fasten or join one thing to another - ทำให้ติดกัน, ต่อ, ยึดติด

bay : a part of the coast where the land curves in so that the sea is surrounded by land on three sides - อ่าว

boom (noun): a long pole - ไม้ขวางที่ผูกข้างเรือ

buoy (noun): an object that floats on top of the water to show ships and boats where it is safe and where it is dangerous -

clean-up (noun): a group project of cleaning something -

contain : to prevent from spreading; to keep within limits - จำกัด,ควบคุมไว้

contained : limited and controlled - ได้รับการดูแลและควบคุม

container : something used for storing or holding things - หีบบรรจุ

coral reef : an area of coral, the top of which can sometimes be seen just above the sea - แนวปะการัง

crude (noun): oil that is still in its natural state and has not yet been refined for use by chemical processes - น้ำมันดิบ

crude oil (noun): oil that is still in its natural state (crude) before processed in a refinery and made into chemicals - น้ำมันดิบ

damage (verb): to harm or spoil something/somebody - ทำความเสียหาย

deploy : to put in place ready for use - นำมาใช้

device (noun): a machine or piece of equipment that does a particular job - อุปกรณ์ เครื่องมือ เครื่องจักร

disaster : an unexpected event, such as a very bad accident, a flood or a fire, that kills a lot of people or causes a lot of damage - ภัยพิบัติ ความหายนะ

dispersant (noun): a chemical that is used to make some substance "disperse" or move away from an area - ตัวกระจาย

disperse : to scatter or move away over a large area, ot to make something do this - ทำให้กระจัดกระจาย

drift : to move slowly, often as a result of outside forces, with no control over direction - ล่องลอย,เลื่อนลอย

entire : including everything, everyone or every part - ทั้งหมด

evacuate : to leave a place because it is not safe - อพยพออกจากพื้นที่

expert : someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject - ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ

extent : size - ขนาด

faculty : a group of departments in a college or university which specialise in a particular subject or group of subjects - คณะ

fishery : an area of water where fish are caught so they can be sold - พื้นที่ในการจับปลา

formal : official; following an agreed or official way of doing things - เป็นพิธี,ตามแบบ,ตามระเบียบ

habitat : the type of place that a particular animal usually lives in or a particular plant usually grows in - ถิ่นที่อยู่ของพืชหรือสัตว์

immediately (adv): happening right after something else with no delay; right away - ทันที

impact (noun): an effect or influence - ผลกระทบ

incident : something that happens, usually something bad - เหตุการณ์

indicate : to show that something is true, exists or will happen - แสดง, ทำให้รู้

industrial estate : an area of land where industrial companies have their buildings - นิคมอุตสาหกรรม

initial : early; first - เบื้องต้น

insured : having insurance - ซึ่งมีประกัน

leak (noun form leakage) : (of a liquid or gas) to flow out of a hole or crack - รั่ว

mainland : a large mass of land that forms the main part of a country but does not include any islands belonging to the country - แผ่นดินใหญ่

marine : relating to the sea and creatures that live in it - เกี่ยวกับทะเล

mooring : the things that attach something to a place so that it cannot be moved - การผูก

offshore : happening or existing in the sea, not far from the land - ซึ่งอยู่ห่างจากฝั่ง, ที่อยู่นอกฝั่ง

oil slick (noun): large amounts of oil floating on the water, what happens after an oil spill, one form of man-made disaster - คราบน้ำมันที่ลอยบนผิวน้ำ

oil spill (noun): "the release of a oil ( or any liquid petroleum hydrocarbon) into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. The term is usually applied to marine oil spills, where oil is released into the ocean or coastal waters, but spills may also occur on land. Oil spills may be due to releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs and wells, as well as spills of refined petroleum products (such as gasoline, diesel) and their by-products, heavier fuels used by large ships such as bunker fuel, or the spill of any oily refuse or waste oil. Spilt oil penetrates into the structure of the plumage of birds and the fur of mammals, reducing its insulating ability, and making them more vulnerable to temperature fluctuations and much less buoyant in the water. Cleanup and recovery from an oil spill is difficult and depends upon many factors, including the type of oil spilled, the temperature of the water (affecting evaporation and biodegradation), and the types of shorelines and beaches involved. Spills may take weeks, months or even years to clean up" (Source: Wikipedia) - น้ำมันรั่ว

on board : on a ship, aircraft or vehicle - บนหรือใน (เรือ, รถ, เครื่องบินหรือพาหนะอื่น)

panoramic (adjective): a very wide view that allows you to see more of the area around you - กล้องถ่ายภาพกว้างราว 140 - 360 องศา

personnel : the people who are employed in a company, organization or one of the armed forces - บุคลากร, เจ้าหน้าที่, พนักงาน

pipeline : a series of pipes that are usually underground and are used for carrying oil, gas, etc. over long distances - ท่อส่งผ่านน้ำมันปิโตรเลียมหรือก๊าซธรรมชาติ

polluted : (of water, air, land) having dirty or harmful substances so that it is no longer pleasant or safe to use - ซึ่งเป็นมลพิษ

process : a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result - แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ

recover (verb): to become normal and healthy again - ฟื้นฟูสภาพ, ฟื้นฟูร่างกาย

refinery : a factory where a substance such as oil is refined (= made pure) - โรงกลั่น

rehabilitate : to return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living - ฟื้นฟูสุขภาพ

rush (verb): to work quickly to do something - รีบ, รีบเร่ง, เร่ง, วิ่ง

shallow : not deep - ตื้น

shore : the land along the edge of the sea or ocean, a lake or another large area of water - ชายฝั่ง

skim (verb): to remove a substance that is floating on the the surface of a liquid - ตักจากผิวหน้าของเหลว, ตักไขมันที่ลอยอยู่ออก, กรองออก, ตักไขออก

skimmer (noun): a device or tool for skimming, removing something from the surface of a liquid -

slick : smooth and shiny or wet and slippery - ลื่นเป็นมัน, เป็นเงา, เป็นมัน, เกลี้ยงเป็นมัน,

sneak (verb): (past: snuck) to go somewhere secretly, trying to avoid being seen - เดินหลบ,เดินลับ ๆ ล่อ ๆ

species : a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other - พันธ์,จำพวก

spray : very small drops of a liquid that are sent through the air; to cover somebody/something with very small drops of a liquid that are forced out of a container or sent through the air - ละอองน้ำ, น้ำที่กระเซ็นเป็นฝอย ฉีด; พ่น

subsidiary : a company that is owned by a larger company - บริษัทลูก

surface : the outside or top layer of something - ผิวหน้า, ผิวภายนอก, ด้านนอก

survey : to make an examination of something to find out about its condition - สำรวจ

tanker (noun): a large ship used to carry oil by sea from place to place - เรือบรรทุก

transfer : moving someone or something from one place, vehicle, person or group to another - การย้าย

underestimate : to think that something is less important or serious than it really is - ประเมินต่ำกว่า

unload (verb): remove things from the ship, plane, train, truck, etc that they are being carried in - เอาขึ้น, ขนขึ้น, ถ่ายของ, ถ่ายสินค้า, ถ่ายเทสินค้า

valve (noun): the part of a machine or equipment that opens and closes to control the flow of liquid or gas - ลิ้นปิดเปิด (เครื่องยนต์, เครื่องดนตรีใช้เป่า, หัวใจ, หลอดเลือด)

wash up (verb): for something in the water or sea to arrive at a beach -

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