Chinese tourists should not pick their noses in public, pee in pools or steal airplane life jackets, China's image-conscious authorities have warned in a handbook.
A sign displays the official guidelines for tourist behavior in a ticketing office for China Southern Airlines in Guilin, China in the year 2008. The rules for outbound tourists are listed above the rules for domestic tourists. China's government has now published a Guidebook for Civilised Tourism with pictures to explain a long list of dos and don'ts. (Source: China’s Campaign for Civilized Tourism, Anthropology News, 2010)
No nose-picking, Chinese tourists told
AFP News agency
BEIJING - Chinese tourists should not pick their noses in public, pee in pools or steal airplane life jackets, China's image-conscious authorities have warned in a handbook in their latest effort to counter unruly behaviour.
The National Tourism Administration publicised its 64-page Guidebook for Civilised Tourism -- with illustrations to accompany its list of dos and don'ts -- on its website ahead of a "Golden Week" public holiday that started on October 1.
As Chinese tourists increasingly travel abroad, they have developed a stereotype of "uncivilised behaviour", which Vice Premier Wang Yang said in May had "damaged the image of the Chinese people".
Several countries, including debt-laden European nations, have eased visa restrictions to attract increasingly affluent Chinese tourists, but reports have also emerged of complaints about etiquette.
A mainland Chinese woman who in February had her son relieve himself in a bottle in a crowded Hong Kong restaurant sparked an outpouring of anger online, with some locals deriding mainlanders as "locusts" .
The government has previously issued pithy guidelines telling tourists how to behave, but the latest booklet elaborated in great detail.
It warned travellers not to pick their noses in public, to keep their nose-hair neatly trimmed and, if they had to pick their teeth, never to use their fingers.
It also urged them not to occupy public toilets for long periods of time or leave footprints on the toilet seat. Nor should they pee in swimming pools.
Travellers should not drink soup straight from the bowl or make slurping sounds when eating noodles, it warned.
And after taking a flight they must leave the life jackets underneath their seats, the rulebook said, explaining that "if a dangerous situation arises then someone else will not have a life jacket".
A tour guide surnamed Zhang who was in Hong Kong on Tuesday said his company had given him a copy of the rules at the start of the seven-day October holiday.
Before this he said they had distributed a much briefer set of guidelines -- which fit on a single sheet of paper.
"I feel things need to be improved," he said, standing in the city square packed with mainland tourists. "If we bring chaos to other places, it's our image -- the Chinese image -- that suffers."
The handbook also dispensed country-specific advice: Chinese visitors to Germany should only snap their fingers to beckon dogs, not humans.
Women in Spain should always wear earrings in public -- or else be considered effectively naked.
And diners in Japan were instructed not to play with their clothes or hair during a meal.
A 33-year-old tourist, also surnamed Zhang, visiting Hong Kong from central Anhui province complained that the guidelines were too many and too specific.
"You cannot possibly look through all of the rules before you go travelling. Also the rules are different in different places," he said. "I think it's not very feasible."
Learn from listening
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abroad : in or to a foreign country - ในต่างประเทศ
accompany : to go with someone - ไปกับ,ไปด้วยกัน,ไปเป็นเพื่อน
administration : government - รัฐบาล
affluent : rich, wealthy, has a lot of money and valuable things - ร่ำรวย, มั่งคั่ง
attract : to cause someone to be interested in something - ดึงดูดความสนใจ
authority (noun): a person or government agency who has the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ
beckon : to signal to someone to come towards you - ส่งสัญญาณเรียกโดยการใช้มือหรือศีรษะ
behaviour : the way that someone acts or behaves - พฤติกรรม, การกระทำตัว
chaos : a situation in which everything is confused and in a mess - การจราจล
civilised (adj.): advanced, polite and reasonable - ศิวิไลซ์
complaint : when someone says that something is wrong or not satisfactory - การบ่น, ข้อที่ไม่พอใจ
conscious : aware; noticing that something exists or is happening and realising that it is important - ความสำนึก ความตระหนักถึง
counter (verb): to take action to oppose or stop something - ต่อต้าน
crowded : packed; full of people or things - แน่น
damage (verb): to harm or spoil something/somebody - ทำความเสียหาย
debt-laden : owing a lot of money - มีหนี้สินมาก
diner (noun): someone who is eating a meal, especially at a restaurant - คนที่มารับประทานอาหารในร้านอาหาร
dispense : to give out something to people - จ่ายยาให้
domestic : inside the country being talked about - ภายในประเทศ
earring (noun): some beautiful piece of decoration placed on the ear for beauty - ตุ้มหู
ease : the ability to do something easily -
effectively : in reality - ตามความเป็นจริง
effort : an attempt to do something - ความพยายาม
emerged : appeared - ปรากฏออกมา
etiquette : a set of rules about behaviour for people in a particular profession - มารยาท, ธรรมเนียมปฏิบัติ
feasible : that is possible and likely to be achieved - ซึ่งเป็นไปได้
guidelines : official instructions or advice about how to do something - สิ่งที่ช่วยแนะแนวทางให้ปฏิบัติ
handbook (noun): a book that explains how to do something; a manual - คู่มือ, หนังสือคู่มือ
illustration : a picture, drawing, or photograph used for decorating a book or explaining something - ภาพประกอบ
image : an opinion that people have about someone or something - ภาพลักษณ์
instruct (verb): to tell somebody to do something, especially in a formal or official way - สั่ง
latest (adj): newest; most recent - ] ล่าสุด, See also: ทันสมัยที่สุด, เกิดหลังสุด
life jacket : a jacket without sleeves, that can be filled with air, designed to help you float if you fall in water - เสื้อชูชีพ
locust (noun): insects that sometimes come to a place and destroy crops (lost infestation) ; one type of grasshopper - ต้นไม้ชนิดหนึ่งมีหนามและดอกสีขาว
mainland : a large mass of land that forms the main part of a country but does not include any islands belonging to the country - แผ่นดินใหญ่
meal : the food that you serve or eat at one time - มื้ออาหาร
naked : not wearing any clothes - เปลือยกาย
nation : a country considered as a group of people with the same language, culture and history, who live in a particular area under one government; all the people in a country - ประเทศ, คนในประเทศ
national (adjective): for the whole country - แห่งชาติ, ของชาติ
outbound (adj): travelling towards a particular point, particularly away from a city, country, etc. - ขาออก (opposite of inbound ขาเข้า)
pee (slang) : urine; liquid waste passed from your body - น้ำปัสสาวะ
public : open to people in general - สาธารณะ
public holiday (noun): a day that the government makes into a holiday when people do not have to work - วันหยุดราชการ
publicise : to make information about something generally available - เผยแพร่, ประกาศ
relieve : go to the bathroom; urinate or defecate -
report (verb): to tell someone officially that something exists or happened - รายงาน
restriction : a rule, action or situation that limits or controls someone or something - การจำกัด, การควบคุม
slurp : to drink a liquid noisily as a result of sucking air into the mouth at the same time as the liquid - กินเสียงดัง
snap : to make a sudden sharp sound - มีเสียงดังแหลม
specific : detailed and exact - โดยเฉพาะ, เฉพาะเจาะจง
specific : involving or relating to only one particular thing or type of thing - เฉพาะเจาะจง, โดยเฉพาะ
steal : to take something from a person, shop/store, etc. without permission and without intending to return it or pay for it - ขโมย
stereotype : to cause or support a fixed, unchanging idea or image that many people have of a particular type of person or thing, but which is often not true in reality -
suffer : to be badly affected by a very difficult or unpleasant situation - ประสบความลำบาก
surname : a name shared by all the members of a family (written last in English names) - นามสกุล
unruly : difficult to control - ยากที่จะควบคุมได้
visa : an official document or mark in your passport that allows you to enter or leave a country for a specific purpose or period of time - วีซ่า, เอกสารอนุมัติที่ประทับตราบนหนังสือเดินทาง
visitor (noun): a person who goes to a place for a short time; a tourist or guest - นักท่องเที่ยว, ผู้มาเยี่ยม, ผู้มาเยือน
warn : to make someone aware of a possible problem or danger - เตือน